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Notes

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN NOTES

Published Nuremberg War Crimes Trials Records:

NCA: Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression (United States Government Printing Office, 1946).
TMWC: Trial of the Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg, Germany, 1947-49).
TWC: Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals, Under Control Council No. 10 (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1953).

Documents in National Archives Collection, World War II Crimes Records (some of which have been included as exhibits in above publications, some of which are available only at the Archives) :

NI: "Nuremberg, Industrialists"
PS: "Paris, Storey [Col. Robert Storey]"
NO: "Nuremberg, Organizations"
NG: "Nuremberg, Government."

 

INTRODUCTION

  1. U.S. Group Control Council, Finance Division, Germany, Report on Investigation of I.G. Farbenindustrie, September 12, 1945. Classification canceled by authority of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; microfilmed by the Library of Congress.

 

1. WORLD WAR I

  1. Rathenau, Walther, "Germany's Provisions for Raw Materials," in Economic and Social History of the World War, ed. James Shotwell, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Yale University, 1924, pp. 78-79.
  2. Ibid., p. 80.
  3. Holdermann, Karl, Im Banne der Chemie: Carl Bosch, Leben und Werk, 1954, p. 136.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Kessler, Harry, Walther Rathenau: His Life and Work (Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York, 1930), p. 175.
  6. Holdermann, p. 137.
  7. Haber, Fritz, "Chemistry in War," in Journal of Chemical Education, November, 1945, p. 528.
  8. Churchill, Winston, The World Crisis, vol. I, p. 474.
  9. Bauer, Max, Der Grosse Krieg im Feld und Heimat, Tuebingen, 1921, p. 67.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Bundesarchiv, Koblenz, Bauer's Papers, Letter from Carl Duisberg to Major Max Bauer, March 3, 1915.
  12. Bauer, p. 68.
  13. Goran, Morris, The Story of Fritz Haber, Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Oklahoma, 1967, p. 68.
  14. Lefebure, Victor, The Riddle of the Rhine, W. Collins Sons & Co., Ltd., London, 1921, p. 27.
  15. Goran, p. 68.
  16. Ibid., p. 69.
  17. Ibid., p. 72.
  18. Lefebure, p. 85.
  19. Ibid., p. 144.
  20. Ibid., p. 144.
  21. Bundesarchiv, Koblenz, Bauer's Papers, Letter from Carl Duisberg to Major Max Bauer, July 24, 1915.
  22. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, U.S. Senate, 79th Congress, 1st Session (1945), Elimination of German Resources of War, part X, p. 1167.
  23. Feldman, Gerald D., Army, Industry, and Labor in Germany, 1914-1918, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 1966, p. 152.
  24. Bundesarchiv, Koblenz, Bauer's Papers, Letter from Carl Duisberg to Lt.-Col. Max Bauer, September 10, 1916.
  25. Feldman, p. 164.
  26. Feldman, p. 167, footnote 26.
  27. Halsey, Francis Whiting, The Literary Digest History of the World War, vol. I, p. 372, Funk & Wagnalls Company, New York and London, 1919.
  28. Ibid., p. 371.
  29. Ibid., pp. 371-372.
  30. Passelecq, Ferdnand, Unemployment in Belgium during the German Occupation and Its General Causes, Hodder & Stoughton, London, New York, Toronto, 1917.
  31. Feldman, p. 359.
  32. Ibid., p. 391.
  33. Ibid., p. 521.
  34. Ibid., p. 398.
  35. Ibid., p. 398.
  36. Ibid., p. 399.
  37. New York Times, July 10, 1916, p. 1, col. 5; New York Times, August 15, 1916, p. 1, col. 2.
  38. Manchester, William, The Arms of Krupp, 1587-1968, Little, Brown, Boston, 1968, p. 310.
  39. Holdermann, pp. 155-156.
  40. New York Times, December 24, 1918, p. 3, col. 5.
  41. Norris, Lt. Col. James F., "The Manufacture of War Gases in Germany," in Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, September, 1919, pp. 817-819.
  42. McConnell, Lt. Robert E., "The Production of Nitrogenous Compounds Synthetically in the U.S. and Germany," in Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, September, 1919, p. 839.
  43. Lefebure, The Riddle of the Rhine.
  44. Geschaeftsstelle fuer die Friedensverhandlungen, Berlin, 1919, Drucksache, No. 28.
  45. Ibid., Drucksache, No. 27.
  46. Holdermann, p. 166.
  47. U.S. Department of State, The Treaty of Versailles and After: Annotations of the Text, Greenwood Press, New York, 1944, Articles 227-230.
  48. Ibid., Article 306.
  49. Ibid., Annex VI.
  50. Ibid., Articles 168-172.
  51. Ibid., Articles 42-44.
  52. Luckau, Alma, The German Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference, Columbia University Press, New York, 1941, p. 305.
  53. Holdermann, pp. 167-168.
  54. Letter from Compagnie Franchise des Matieres Colorantes S. A. to Joseph Borkin, April 14, 1970, re biography of Joseph F. Frossard.
  55. Holdermann, p. 168.
  56. Ibid.,
  57. Ibid., pp. 168-170.
  58. Luckau, p. 190.
  59. New York Times, November 15, 1919, p. 11, col. 1.
  60. Goran, p. 83.
  61. New York Times, January 27, 1920, p. 14, col. 5.
  62. Ibid.
  63. Ibid., January 28, 1920, p. 10, col. 6.
  64. Luckau, p. 372.
  65. New York Times, October 31, 1921, p. 14, col. 2.
  66. New York Times, September 25, 1921, Sec. II, p. 9, col. 2.
  67. NI-6768, p. 16, affidavit of Carl Krauch.
  68. National Archives Collection, World War II Crimes Records, Krauch Document Book I, pp. 9-10.
  69. NI-6768, p. 16, affidavit of Carl Krauch.

 

2. POSTWAR GERMANY AND BOSCH'S DREAM

  1. Hearings before Special Committee Investigating the Munitions Industry, U.S. Senate, 73d Congress, part XXXIX, p. 13438.
  2. Ibid., part XI, p. 2572.
  3. New York Times, February 21, 1921, p. 15, col. 4.
  4. Hearings, op cit., part XXXIX, p. 13445.
  5. New York Times, February 21, 1921, p. 15, col. 4.
  6. Hearings, op cit., part XXXIX, p. 13446.
  7. Private Papers of Captain Herman E. Osann, pp. 1-2.
  8. Holdermann, Karl, Im Banne der Chemie: Carl Bosch, Leben und Werk, 1954, p. 187.
  9. New York Times, October 8, 1923, p. 3, col. 5.
  10. New York Times, August 16, 1923, p. 3, col. 4; and Frankfurter Zeitung, August 12, 1923.
  11. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, U.S. Senate, 79th Gong., 1st Sess. (1945), pursuant to S. Res. 107 and 146, Elimination of German Resources for War, part X, p. 1391.
  12. Holdermann, p. 188.
  13. Ibid., p. 192.
  14. Ibid., p. 201.
  15. NI-5187, p. 5, affidavit of Fritz ter Meer.
  16. New York Times, August 3, 1926, p. 5, col. 3.
  17. New York Times, August 5, 1926, p. 7, col. 3.
  18. Federal Oil Conservation Board Report, September 6, 1926, p. 5.
  19. Gibb, George Sweet and Knowlton, Evelyn H., The Resurgent Years, History of Standard Oil Company (N.J.), 1911-1927, Harper Brothers, N.Y., 1956, p. 554.
  20. Howard, Frank A., Buna Rubber, D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., New York, 1947, p. 10.
  21. Holdermann, p. 225.
  22. Howard, p. 13.
  23. Berge, Wendell, Cartels: Challenge to a Free World, Public Affairs Press, Washington, D.C., 1944, p. 210.
  24. New York Times, May 23, 1945, p. 21, col. 5.
  25. Howard, p. 15.
  26. Holdermann, p. 228.
  27. Federal Oil Conservation Board Report, p. 6.
  28. Howard, pp. 20-21.
  29. Hearings before the Committee on Patents, U.S. Senate, 77th Gong., 2nd Session (1942), Patents, Part VI, pp. 3433-3436.
  30. New York Times, August 9, 1927, p. 12, col. 1.
  31. Holdermann, pp. 254-256.
  32. Howard, pp. 21-27.
  33. Hearings before a Special Committee Investigating the National Defense Program, U.S. Senate, 77th Cong., 2nd Session (1942), Investigation on the National Defense Program, Part II, p.4312.
  34. Ibid.,p. 4561.
  35. NI-5186, p. 7, affidavit of Ter Meer.

 

3. I.G. PREPARES HITLER FOR WAR

  1. National Archives Collection, World War II Crimes Records, Krauch Document Book I, p. 19; Holdermann, Karl, Im Banne der Chemie: Carl Bosch, Leben und Werk, 1954, p. 155.
  2. NI-8637, p. 15, affidavit of Dr. Heinrich Buetefisch.
  3. NI-6767, p. 4, affidavit of Carl Krauch; Carl Bosch, "Erdoel und Synthetisches Ben-zin," Petroleum, XXIX (1933), p. 7.
  4. NI-6765, affidavit of Friedrich Jaehne.
  5. New York Times, November 13, 1931, p. 10, col. 2.
  6. NI-8788, p. 1, affidavit of Heinrich Gattineau.
  7. National Archives Collection, World War II Crimes Records, Heinrich Gattineau's letter to Dr. Karl Haushofer, June 6, 1931.
  8. NI-4833, pp. 1-2, affidavit of Heinrich Gattineau.
  9. TWC, VII, p. 539, NI-14304 extracts.
  10. NI-4833, p. 3, affidavit of Heinrich Gattineau.
  11. NI-8637, p. 15, affidavit of Heinrich Buetefisch.
  12. NCA, VI, pp. 796-798, Document 3901-PS, Petition to Hindenburg, November, 1932.
  13. TWC, VII, p. 563, NI-406, extract from interrogation of Hjalmar Schacht.
  14. TWC, VII, pp. 565-568, NI-391, items related to "National Trusteeship" account.
  15. Holdermann, p. 272.
  16. Goran, Morris, The Story of Fritz Haber, University of Oklahoma Press, 1967, p. 38.
  17. Holdermann, p. 288.
  18. Goran, p. 39.
  19. NI-6787, p. 3, affidavit of Heinrich Hoerlein.
  20. National Archives Collection, WI/IF 5.2507, Geschichte der Deutschen Wehr und Ruestungswirtschaft, 1918/1943-44, Document #1, 11/22/28, p. 494.
  21. TWC, XII, p. 421, NG-4142.
  22. TWC, VII, pp. 571-572, NI-4718.
  23. TWC, VII, p. 573, NI-7123, von Bockelberg memo, 9/15/33; also National Archives, NI-6544, p. 14, affidavit of Max Ilgner.
  24. NI-9784, p. 4, letter from Homer H. Ewing to Wendell R. Swint, July 17, 1933.
  25. Ibid., p. 9.
  26. NI-881, Benzin Contract, December 14, 1933.
  27. TWC, VII, pp. 752-753, NI-6930, correspondence between I.G. Farbenindustrie, Army Ordnance, and the Ministry of Economics.
  28. NI-7241, p. 4, affidavit of Ernst Struss.
  29. NI-5187, p. 10, affidavit of Fritz ter Meer.
  30. NI-7241, p. 5, affidavit of Ernst Struss.
  31. London Times, September 12, 1935, p. 12, col. 5.
  32. TWC, VII, p. 782, NI-4713.
  33. NI-7241, p. 4.
  34. New York Times, February 16, 1936, p. 1, col. 3.
  35. New York Times, March 13, 1936, p. 1, col. 8.
  36. TMWC, IX, p. 448.
  37. New York Times, April 28, 1936, p. 1, col. 3.
  38. New York Times, May 3, 1936, p. 38, col. 1.
  39. NI-9767, p. 2, affidavit of Erich Gritzbach.
  40. TWC, VII, p. 1049, NI-4702.
  41. NCA, III, p. 881, 1301-PS.
  42. TWC, VII, p. 799, NI-5380.
  43. NCA, III, p. 886, 1301-PS.
  44. NI-7241, pp.7-8, affidavit of Ernst Struss.
  45. NI-8833, p. 3, affidavit of Johannes Eckell.
  46. TWC, XII, p. 430, NI-4955.
  47. Schacht, Hjalmar, Confessions of "The Old Wizard," Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, 1956, p. 337.
  48. Ibid.
  49. NCA, III, p. 892, 1301-PS.
  50. New York Times, September 10, 1936, p. 1, col. 8.
  51. TWC, XII, p. 446, 2071-PS.
  52. New York Times, October 20, 1936, p. 1, col. 7.
  53. TWC, XII, p. 447, NG-1221.
  54. NI-9767, p. 2, affidavit of Erich Gritzbach.
  55. NI-7241, pp. 9-10, affidavit of Ernst Struss.
  56. NI-10,035, p. 38, Hagert affidavit.
  57. NI-9945, p. 1, affidavit of Max Kuegler.
  58. Ibid., p. 2.
  59. NI-9944, p. 1, affidavit of Max Kuegler.
  60. NI-9945, p. 1, affidavit of Max Kuegler.
  61. NI-7241, p. 10, affidavit of Ernst Struss.
  62. NI-12,042, Chart of I.G. people and their membership in various organizations.
  63. NI-7957, Chart of I.G. Supervisory Board membership.
  64. NI-6768, p. 7, Krauch affidavit; TWC, VII, p. 1001, Krauch testimony.
  65. NI-10,386, p. 1, affidavit of Paul Koerner.
  66. NI-6768, p. 7, affidavit of Carl Krauch.
  67. Ibid., p. 8; NI-10,386, p. 2, affidavit of Paul Koerner.
  68. NI-10, 386, p. 2.
  69. TWC, VII, pp. 890-893, NI-8800.
  70. NI-10, 386, p. 2.
  71. TWC, VII, pp. 902-908, NI-8840.
  72. TWC, VII, pp. 911-912, NI-8797.

 

4 THE MARRIAGE OF I.G. AND STANDARD OIL UNDER HITLER

  1. TWC, VII, p. 1309, NI-10, 551, memorandum of June 6, 1944 from August von Knieriem to Schmitz, Ambros, Buetefisch, et al.
  2. TWC, VII, p. 1204, August von Knieriem testimony.
  3. TWC, VII, p. 1189.
  4. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, United States Senate, 78th Cong., 1st Session (1943), Scientific and Technical Mobilization, part VI, p. 939, letter from a Du Pont official to E. W. Webb, President of Ethyl Gasoline Corporation, dated December 15, 1934.
  5. TWC, VII, p. 135.
  6. TWC, VII, p. 1274.
  7. TWC, VII, p. 1309, NI-10, 551.
  8. TWC, VII, p. 1280, EC-223, circular of March 12, 1937, from V.W. re counterintelli-gence.
  9. TWC, VII, p. 1275, NI-10, 437, report from the meeting at the Wehrmacht re secrecy, held July 14, 1937.
  10. 1Hearings before the Committee on Patents, United States Senate, 77th Cong., 2d Session (1942), Patents, part 6, p. 2906, letter from F. A. Howard to R. P. Russell of Standard Oil Development Company, dated March 15, 1938.
  11. TWC, VII, pp. 1281-1284, NI-10455, file note of March 21, 1938, by Ter Meer, concerning a meeting with General Loeb, Dr. Muelert, and Dr. Eckell on the status of the American rubber program.
  12. Hearings before the Committee on Patents, United States Senate, 77th Cong., 2d Session (1942), Patents, part VI, p. 2907, letter from F. ter Meer to F.A. Howard, dated April 9, 1938.
  13. Ibid., p. 2912, letter from F.A. Howard to F. ter Meer, dated April 20, 1938.
  14. Ibid., p. 2910, letter from F.A. Howard to F.H. Bedford, Jr., dated April 14, 1938.
  15. Ibid., pp. 2912-2913, letter from F.A. Howard to F.H. Bedford, Jr., dated April 20, 1938.
  16. J. Robert Bonnar, et al. v. The United States, (Ct. Cl. 1971 No. 293-63), Defendant's Exhibit 286, letter from F. ter Meer to W.H. Duisberg, dated October 11, 1938.
  17. Hearings before Committee on Patents, United States Senate, 77th Cong., 2d Session (1942), Patents, part VI, p. 2916, Executive Committee Memorandum, November 28, 1938.
  18. J. Robert Bonnar, et al. v. The United States, et al. (Ct. Cl. 1971 No. 293-63), Plaintiff's Exhibit 155, Office of the Alien Property Custodian Report of Examiner re Walter Duisberg, p. 26, extracts of minutes of the Standard Oil Executive Committee meeting of August 30, 1939.
  19. Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey), et al. v. Tom C. Clark, Attorney General, as Successor to the Alien Property Custodian (2d Cir., Civ. Action No. 26-414), Joint Appendix to the Briefs, p. 993, Plaintiff's Exhibit 85, letter from W.C. Teagle to E.J. Sadler and F.H. Bedford, Jr., dated August 30, 1939.
  20. Ibid., pp. 1380-83, Defendant's Exhibit 392, letter from A. Schaefer to F.H. Bedford, Jr., dated Septembers, 1937.
  21. Ibid.
  22. Ibid., p. 994, Plaintiff's Exhibit 86, cable from Standard Oil Co. (N.J.) to I.G. Farbenindustrie, dated September 1, 1939.
  23. Howard, Frank A., Buna Rubber, D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., New York, 1947, p. 81.
  24. Standard Oil Co. (N.J.), et al. v. Clark, Joint Appendix to the Briefs, p. 529, testimony of August von Knieriem.
  25. Ibid., pp. 1543-46, Defendant's Exhibit 572, letter from I.G. Farbenindustrie to the Economic Defense Headquarters, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, dated September 16, 1939.
  26. Howard, p. 82.
  27. New York Times, April 1, 1942, p. 1, col. 2.
  28. Standard Oil Co. (N.J.) v. Clark, Joint Appendix to the Briefs, p. 1560, Defendant's Exhibit 578, memorandum dated October 8, 1939, by Ringer "concerning a conference with Mr. Howard in The Hague on September 24 and 25, 1939."
  29. Ibid., p. 1292, Defendant's Exhibit 330, Cable from Standard Oil Development Co. to I.G. Farbenindustrie, dated September 15, 1939.
  30. Standard Oil Co. (N.J.) v. Clark, Joint Appendix to the Briefs, p. 946, Plaintiff's Exhibit 67, memorandum re "readjustment of Jasco," bearing date of September 25, 1939 ("The Hague Memorandum").
  31. Ibid., p. 1560, Defendant's Exhibit 578, memorandum dated October 8, 1939, by Ringer "concerning a conference with Mr. Howard in The Hague on September 24 and 25, 1939."
  32. Ibid., p. 1563, Defendant's Exhibit 578, memorandum dated October 8, 1939, by Ringer "concerning a conference with Mr. Howard in The Hague on September 24 and 25, 1939."
  33. J. Robert Bonnar, et al. v. The United States, No. 293-63 (Ct. Cl. 1971), Defendant's Exhibit 399, "Report on the Transfer of I.G. Patents to Third Parties."
  34. Standard Oil Co. (N.J.), et al. v. Clark, (2d Cir., 1947), Joint Appendix to the Briefs, p. 952, Plaintiff's Exhibit 70, cable from I.G. Farbenindustrie to Standard Oil Development Co., dated October 16, 1939.
  35. Ibid., p. 1296, Defendant's Exhibit 333, cable from I.G. Farbenindustrie to Standard Oil Development Co., dated October 16, 1939.
  36. Ibid., p. 948, Plaintiff's Exhibit 68, letter from F.A. Howard to A.C. Minton, dated October 1, 1939.
  37. Ibid., pp. 1059-1061, Plaintiff's Exhibit 142, note re "New Arrangement Jasco," dated January 12, 1940, signed by Ringer.
  38. New York Times, March 29, 1942, p. 1, col. 4.
  39. Ibid.
  40. U.S. v. Standard Oil Co. (N.J.), Department of Justice Criminal Case No. 682 and Civil Case No. 2091.
  41. Department of Justice Press Release, March 25, 1942, re U.S. v. Standard Oil Co. (NJ.).
  42. Standard Oil Company (N.J.) Press Release, March 25, 1942, re U.S. v. Standard Oil Co. (N.J.).
  43. Washington Daily News, March 27, 1942, p. 5, col. 1.
  44. 44. Hearings before the Committee on Patents, United States Senate, 77th Gong., 2d Session (1942), part I, Patents, p. 11, Farish testimony.
  45. Ibid.,
  46. PM, April 5, 1942, p. 10, col. 1.
  47. Marson, Henrietta M.; Knowlton, Evelyn H., and Toptle, Charles S.; New Horizons: History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey)—1927-1950, Harper & Row, New York, 1971, p. 443.
  48. Ibid., p. 449.

 

5. THE RAPE OF THE EUROPEAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY

  1. TWC, VII, pp. 1404-1406, NI-4024.
  2. TWC, VII, p. 1393, NI-9289.
  3. TWC, VII, p. 1406, NI-4024.
  4. TWC, VII, pp. 1399-1400, NI-3982; and pp. 1401-1403, NI-3981.
  5. TWC, VII, pp. 1414-1415, NI-9289.
  6. DuBois, Josiah, The Devil's Chemists, Beacon Press, Boston, 1952, p. 92.
  7. Hilberg, Raul, The Destruction of the European Jews, Quadrangle Books, Chicago, 1961, p. 61; NI-10998, affidavit of Joham.
  8. TWC, VII, p. 1408, NI-9289.
  9. TWC, VII, p. 153.
  10. TWC, VII, p. 42.
  11. TWC, VII, p. 591, NI-2795.
  12. TWC, VII, p. 43.
  13. Ibid., p. 43.
  14. Ibid., p. 43.
  15. TWC, VIII, pp. 4-6, NI-9151, NI-9154, NI-9155.
  16. TWC, VII, p. 181.
  17. TWC, VIII, p. 7, NI-8457.
  18. TWC, VIII, pp. 7-10, NI-2749.
  19. TWC, VIII, p. 11, NI-1093.
  20. TWC, VIII, p. 21, NI-8380.
  21. 2TWC, VIII, p. 1143; and TWC, VIII, pp. 20-23, NI-8380. 21a. TWC, V, pp. 154-155, Greifelt testimony.
  22. 2TWC, VIII, p. 1143.
  23. Holdermann, Karl, Im Banne der Chemie: Carl Bosch, Leben und Werk, 1953, pp. 305-307.
  24. NI-6525, p. 1, Krauch affidavit.
  25. TWC, VII, p. 1452.
  26. TWC, VII, p. 1439, NI-14897.
  27. TWC, VII, p. 1461.
  28. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, U.S. Senate, 79th Congress, 1st Session (1945), pursuant to S. Res. 107 and 146, Elimination of German Resources for War, part X, p. 1387, Schnitzler affidavit.
  29. Ibid., p. 1387, Schnitzler affidavit.
  30. TWC, VIII, 120.
  31. TWC, VII, 1447.
  32. TWC, VIII, 105-106, NI-6839.
  33. TWC, VIII, p. 104, NI-6839.
  34. TWC, VIII, p. 109, NI-795.
  35. Ibid.
  36. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, U.S. Senate, 79th Congress, 1st Session (1945), pursuant to S. Res. 107 and 146, Elimination of German Resources for War, part X, pp. 1388-1389, Exhibit No. 37, Report of Dr. Kramer re conference with Mr. Frossard.
  37. Ibid., pp. 1388-1389, Exhibit No. 37, report of Dr. Kramer re conference with Mr. Frossard.
  38. Ibid.
  39. Shirer, William L., The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1960, p. 815; see also William Langer, Our Vichy Gamble, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1947, p. 97.
  40. Ibid., p. 817.
  41. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, U.S. Senate, 79th Congress, 1st Session (1945), pursuant to S. Res. 107 and 146, Elimination of German Resources for War, part X, pp. 1392-1393, Exhibit No. 39, interrogation of Schnitzler.
  42. TWC, VIII, p. 113, NI-14224, file note by Kuegler re Paris conference.
  43. TWC, VII, p. 47, Indictment, Count Two.
  44. TWC, VIII, p. 110, NI-15228.
  45. TWC, VIII, pp. 118-126, NI-6727, Wiesbaden meeting memorandum, November 21, 1940.
  46. TWC, VIII, p. 113, NI-14224, Kuegler's file note re Paris conferences, November 28, 29, and 30, 1940.
  47. TWC, VIII, p. 119, NI-6727.
  48. TWC, VIII, pp. 120-121, NI-6727.
  49. TWC, VIII, p. 121, NI-6727.
  50. TWC, VIII, pp. 123-124, NI-6727.
  51. TWC, VIII, p. 126, NI-6727.
  52. TWC, VIII, p. Ill, NI-790, Schnitzler's letter to Schmitz, November 21, 1941, re Wiesbaden conference.
  53. TWC, VII, p. 47, Indictment, Count Two.
  54. TWC, VIII, p. 114, NI-14224.
  55. TWC, VIII, pp. 116-117, NI-14224.
  56. TWC, VIII, p. 117, NI-14224.
  57. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, U.S. Senate, 79th Congress, 1st Session (1945), pursuant to S. Res. 107 and 146, Elimination of German Resources for War, part X, p. 1399, Exhibit No. 42.
  58. Ibid., p. 1398, Exhibit No. 42.
  59. Ibid., p. 1399, Exhibit No. 42.
  60. Ibid.
  61. Ibid.
  62. Ibid.
  63. Ibid.
  64. TWC, VIII, p. 1149, Count Two.
  65. TWC, VII, p. 47, Indictment, Count Two.
  66. NI-4889, p. 12, affidavit of M. Rene Duchemin.
  67. TWC, VIII, p. 1149, Count Two.
  68. Ibid., p. 1150.
  69. TWC, VIII, p. 141, NI-6845.
  70. TWC, VIII, pp. 130-131, NI-15220.
  71. Ibid., pp. 130-131.
  72. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, U.S. Senate, 79th Congress, 1st Session (1945), pursuant to S. Res. 107 and 146, Elimination of German Resources for War, part X, p. 1402, Exhibit No. 47.
  73. Ibid.
  74. Ibid.
  75. Ibid.
  76. Ibid., part X, p. 1394, Exhibit No. 39.
  77. Ibid., part X, pp. 1394-1395, Exhibit No. 39.
  78. TWC, VIII, p. 142, NI-6845, Francolor convention extracts, November 18, 1941.
  79. TWC, VIII, p. 136, NI-15219.
  80. Ibid., p. 137.
  81. Ibid., p. 137.
  82. TWC, VIII, p. 141, NI-6845, Francolor convention extracts, November 18, 1941.
  83. TWC, VIII, p. 163, Ter Meer testimony.
  84. TWC, VIII, p. 145, NI-6845, Francolor convention extracts, November 18, 1941.
  85. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, U.S. Senate, 79th Congress, 1st Session (1945), pursuant to S. Res. 107 and 146, Elimination of German Resources for War, part X, p. 1393, Exhibit No. 39.
  86. Ibid., p. 1393, Exhibit No. 39.
  87. TWC, VIII, p. 235, Ter Meer Testimony.
  88. New York Times, December 22, 1941, p. 31, col. 7.
  89. Ibid.
  90. TWC, VIII, p. 1150.
  91. TWC, VII, p. 52.
  92. Ibid.
  93. Ibid.
  94. Ibid..
  95. Ibid.

 

6. SLAVE LABOR AND MASS MURDER

  1. New York Times, August 27, 1943, p. 7, col. 2.
  2. TWC, VI, p. x, Declaration on German Atrocities.
  3. Ibid.
  4. New York Times, March 24, 1944, p. 4, col. 2.
  5. TMWC, vol. XXXVII, p. 433, Document 022-L, excerpt from War Refugee Board Report, Washington, D.C., November 1944 (PE 1759).
  6. History of the War Refugee Board with Selected Documents, January 22, 1944-September 15, 1945. Executive office of the President, War Refugee Board (3 volumes, mimeographed).
  7. TWC, VIII, pp. 330-331, NI-11781, letter from Reich Ministry of Economics to Farben, dated November 8, 1940.
  8. Ibid., p. 331, letter from Reich Ministry of Economics to Farben, dated November 8, 1940.
  9. TWC, VIII, pp. 336-338, NI-11784, Conference Report between Farben representatives and the Schlesien-Benzin Company, January 18, 1941.
  10. TWC, VIII, pp. 349-351, NI-11113, file note on conference with Ter Meer, Krauch, and Ambros, held February 6, 1941.
  11. TWC, Prosecution's Final Brief, part IV, p. 54.
  12. TWC, VIII, pp. 358-360, NI-11938, letter from Krauch to Ambros, dated February 25, 1941.
  13. TWC, VIII, pp. 354-355, NI-1240, letter from Goering to Himmler, dated February 18, 1941.
  14. Ibid., p. 355, letter from Goering to Himmler, dated February 18, 1941.
  15. TWC, VIII, pp. 356-357, NI-11086, letter from Krauch, signed by Wirth, to Ambros, dated March 4, 1941.
  16. Ibid., p. 357, letter from Krauch, signed by Wirth, to Ambros, dated March 4, 1941.
  17. Ibid.
  18. TWC, VIII, pp. 373-376, NI-15148, report on conference of Farben representatives with Auschwitz concentration camp officials, held March 27, 1941, p. 374.
  19. Ibid., p. 375.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Ibid.
  22. Ibid., pp. 374-375.
  23. TWC, VIII, pp. 377-381, NI-11115, extracts from minutes of first construction conference on I.G. Auschwitz at Ludwigshafen held March 24, 1941.
  24. TWC, VIII, pp. 374-375, NI-15148, report on conference of Farben representatives with Auschwitz concentration camp officials, held March 27, 1941.
  25. Ibid., p. 375.
  26. NI-034, p. 4, affidavit of Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Hoess.
  27. TWC, VIII, pp. 388-389, NI-11118, letter from Ambros to Ter Meer and Struss, dated April 12, 1941. p. 389.
  28. TWC, VIII, pp. 392-393, NI-14543, extracts from Farben-Auschwitz weekly report no. 11, for the period August 3-9, 1941.
  29. Ibid.,
  30. TWC, VIII, pp. 404-405, NI-14556, extracts from Farben-Auschwitz weekly report no. 30, for the period December 15-21, 1941, p. 405.
  31. Ibid.
  32. TWC, VIII, pp. 406-409, NI-11130, extracts from report of fourteenth construction conference on Farben-Auschwitz, held December 16, 1941.
  33. TWC, VIII, p. 410, extracts from Farben-Auschwitz weekly reports nos. 31 and 32, for the periods December 22-28, 1941, and December 29, 1941-January 4, 1942.
  34. TWC, VIII, p. 425, NI-15256, extracts from Farben-Auschwitz weekly report no. 42, for the period March 9-15, 1942.
  35. TWC, VII, p. 197.
  36. DuBois, Josiah, The Devil's Chemists, Beacon Press, Boston, 1952, p. 229.
  37. TMWC, I, p. 245.
  38. Hilberg, Raul, The Destruction of the European Jews, Quadrangle Books, Chicago, 1961, p. 264.
  39. Hilberg, Raul, p. 561; Judge Wladyslaw Bednarz (Lodz), "Extermination Camp at Chelmno," in Central Commission for Investigation of German Crimes in Poland, German Crimes in Poland, Warsaw, 1946, pp. 107-117.
  40. Manvell, Roger, and Heinrich Fraenkel, The Incomparable Crime, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1960, p. 135.
  41. TMWC, XI, p. 398, testimony by Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Hoess.
  42. Ibid., pp. 416^117, testimony by Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Hoess.
  43. NI-034, affidavit by Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Hoess, p. 2.
  44. TWC, Preliminary Brief, part III, p. 35, NI-9098, NI-9150, NI-12073, NI-6363; also NI-9540 (I.G. "Book of Participation").
  45. Ibid., p. 35, NI-12075.
  46. Hilberg, Raul, p. 264; NG-2586-E.
  47. Ibid., p. 266; NG-2586-E.
  48. Ibid., p. 568; NI-9093.
  49. Ibid., p. 571; NI-9908.
  50. NI-12110, memorandum from Dr. Heinrich to Mr. Amend, dated June 21, 1944.
  51. Hilberg, Raul, p. 587; Dokumenty i Materialy, part I, pp. 115-117, letter from Sommer to Kommandant Auschwitz, dated January 27, 1943, and letter from Schwarz to WVHA D-11, dated February 20, 1943.
  52. Hilberg, p. 587; Dokumenty i Materialy, part I, pp. 108-110, 117, letters from Schwarz to WVHA D-11, dated March 5 and 8, 1943, and to WVHA-D, dated March 15, 1943.
  53. NI-7967, affidavit of Ervin Schulhof, taken June 21, 1947, p. 2.
  54. TWC, VII, p. 199.
  55. Ibid., pp. 199-200.
  56. TWC, Preliminary Brief, part III, p. 97, NI-4830, affidavit by Vitek about Auschwitz diet.
  57. TWC, VIII, pp. 603-616, NI-11696, affidavit and testimony of Charles J. Coward, taken July 24, 1947, p. 604.
  58. NI-11003 to NI-11017; NI-11019; NI-11027; NI-11029; NI-11031 to NI-11033; typical Auschwitz punishment reports by SS.
  59. Ibid.
  60. NI-7967, affidavit of Ervin Schulhof, taken June 21, 1947, p. 1.
  61. NI-5847, affidavit by Berthold Epstein, taken March 3, 1947, p. 2.
  62. TWC, VIII, pp. 532-535, NI-10040, letter from Krauch to Himmler, July 27, 1943.
  63. TWC, VIII, pp. 558-559, NI-13512, file memorandum of Ritter and Duerrfeld, February 3, 1944, p. 558.
  64. DuBois, p. 220; NI-7967, affidavit of Ervin Schulhof, taken June 21, 1947, p. 2.
  65. TWC, Prosecution's Final Brief, part IV, p. 54.

 

7. I.G. LOSES THE WAR

  1. NI-3767, U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, September 30, 1945, p. 42.
  2. Speer, Albert, Inside the Third Reich, Macmillan, New York, 1970, p. 346.
  3. Ibid., pp. 346-347.
  4. Ibid., p. 347.
  5. TWC, VII, p. 1109.
  6. Speer, p. 348.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Ibid., p. 351.
  9. NI-3767, pp. 41-42.
  10. Ibid., p. 42.
  11. Ibid.
  12. Letter from Harteck to J. Borkin, 1974; Irving, David, The German Atomic Bomb, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1967, p. 240.
  13. Petroleum Times, December 13, 1943.
  14. TWC, VII, p. 1318.
  15. TWC, VII, p. 1319.
  16. TWC, VII, Ambros testimony, p. 1045.
  17. Ibid., p. 1044.
  18. Ibid.
  19. Ibid., pp. 1044-1045.
  20. Ibid., p. 1045.
  21. Ibid., p. 1044.
  22. =TWC, VII, p. 605, NI-4043, exchange of letters between Speer and Himmler.
  23. Ibid., p. 605.
  24. TWC, VII, p. 605, NI-4043, exchange of letters between Speer and Himmler.
  25. Ibid., p. 605.
  26. Ibid., p. 606.
  27. TWC, VII, p. 1045.
  28. Speer, Albert, p. 414.

 

8. I.G. AT NUREMBERG

  1. U.S. Department of State, Executive Agreement Series 472, Agreement by the Government of the United States of America, the Provisional Government of the French Republic, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics for the Prosecution and Punishment of the; Major War Criminals of the European Axis, signed at London, August 8, 1945.
  2. TMWC, I, pp. 27-68, Indictment, October 6, 1945, U.S.A. et al. v. Hermann Goering et al.
  3. TMWC, I, pp. 118-133.
  4. Ibid., pp. 145-146.
  5. TMWC, I, p. 147.
  6. Ibid., pp. 365-366.
  7. New York Times, October 16, 1946, p. 1, col. 8.
  8. TMWC, I, p. 365.
  9. Ibid., pp. 365-366.
  10. Taylor, Telford, Final Report to the Secretary of the Army on the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials under Control Council Law No. 10, August 15, 1949, Washington, pp. 269-270, Minutes of the Meeting of the Chief Prosecutors held April 5, 1946.
  11. Ibid., p. 285, note of January 22, 1947, from U.S. Government embassies in London, Moscow, and Paris, addressed to the British, French, and Soviet governments.
  12. 1Ibid., p. 285, note of January 22, 1947, from U.S. Government embassies in London, Moscow, and Paris, addressed to the British, French, and Soviet governments.
  13. TWC, VII, p. 10-80, Indictment in U.S. v. Carl Krauch, et al., filed May 3, 1947.
  14. Ibid., pp. 56-58.
  15. 1Douglas, William O., An Almanac of Liberty, Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y., 1954, p. 96.
  16. Mason, Alpheus T., Harland Fiske Stone: Pillar of the Law, Viking, New York, 1956, p. 716.
  17. New York Times, October 6, 1946, p. 1, col. 4.
  18. Congressional Record, November 28, 1947, p. 10938.
  19. Congressional Record, July 9, 1947, p. 8564.
  20. DuBois, Josiah E., Jr., The Devil's Chemists, Beacon Press, Boston, 1952, p. 69.
  21. TWC, VII, p. 5.
  22. Ibid., pp. 99-101.
  23. DuBois, p. 82.
  24. Ibid., p. 99.
  25. National Archives Collection, World War II War Crimes Records, U.S. v. Krauch et al., Prosecution Exhibit 2059, pp. 43-44.
  26. Ibid., Prosecution Exhibit 1871, transcript of trial, pp. 13566-13615.
  27. NI-12373.
  28. NI-4830.
  29. NI-7967.
  30. NI-12388, affidavit of Eric J. Doyle.
  31. TWC, VIII, p. 621, testimony of Eric J. Doyle.
  32. NI-11696, affidavit of Charles J. Coward.
  33. DuBois, pp. 229-230.
  34. National Archives Collection, World War II Crimes, Document Book XI, Schnitzler No. 214, pp. 64-66; affidavit of Richard von Szilvinyi.
  35. Ibid., Schnitzler No. 215, p. 68.
  36. TWC, VII, pp. 628-629.
  37. TWC, VII, p. 594, NI-13522.
  38. Ibid., p. 629.
  39. Ibid., pp. 414-415, Compulsion in Hitler's Third Reich and the Defense of "Window Dressing."
  40. Ibid., pp. 416-417, testimony of Defense Witness Field Marshal Erhard Milch.
  41. Ibid., pp. 417-421, testimony of Defense Witness Friedrich Flick, Head of the Flick Concern.
  42. TWC, VIII, p. 921, closing statement for Defendant Krauch.
  43. Ibid., p. 914, closing statement for Defendant Krauch.
  44. Ibid., p. 1083, Opinion and Judgment of the U.S. Military Tribunal VI.
  45. New York Times, July 29, 1948, p. 1, col. 8.
  46. TWC, VIII, p. 1081.
  47. Ibid., p. 1081.
  48. Ibid., p. 1114.
  49. Ibid., p. 1134-1136, Count Two.
  50. Ibid., pp. 1153-1167.
  51. Ibid., p. 1175.
  52. Ibid.
  53. Ibid., p. 1179.
  54. Ibid., p. 1184.
  55. Ibid., p. 1185.
  56. Ibid.
  57. Ibid., pp. 1186-1187.
  58. Ibid., p. 1187.
  59. Ibid.
  60. Ibid., p. 1189.
  61. Ibid., p. 1190.
  62. Ibid., pp. 1191-1192.
  63. Ibid., pp. 1187-1196.
  64. Ibid., pp. 1206-1209, Formal Judgment and Sentences.
  65. DuBois, p. 339.
  66. TWC, VIII, p. 1211, Concurring Opinion on Counts One and Five of the Indictment.
  67. Ibid.
  68. Ibid.
  69. Ibid.
  70. Ibid., p. 1212.
  71. Ibid., p. 1311, Dissenting Opinion on Count Three of the Indictment.
  72. Ibid., p. 1314.
  73. Ibid., p. 1319.
  74. Ibid., p. 1322.

 

9. I.G. WINS THE PEACE

  1. U.S. Group Control Council, Finance Division, Germany, Report on Investigation of I.G. Farbenindustrie, September 12, 1945. Classification canceled by authority of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; microfilmed by the Library of Congress.
  2. New York Times, October 21, 1945, p. 1, col. 6.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid., p. 12, col. 2.
  5. Official Gazette of the Control Council for Germany, Allied Secretariat, Berlin, November 30, 1945, p. 34, Law #9.
  6. New York Times, January 17, 1946, p. 14, col. 5.
  7. New York Times, January 31, 1946, p. 7, col. 2.
  8. Military Government Gazette, Germany, United States Area of Control, April 1, 1947, pp. 2-6.
  9. Ibid., p. 3.
  10. New York Times, June 18, 1947, p. 5, col. 2.
  11. New York Times, March 26, 1947, p. 11, col. 1.
  12. Martin, James S., All Honorable Men, Little, Brown & Co., Boston, 1950, p. 232.
  13. New York Times, December 20, 1949, p. 19, col. 1.
  14. New York Times, December 27, 1951, p. 11, col. 2.
  15. Ibid.
  16. New York Times, March 19, 1953, p. 5, col. 2.
  17. New York Times, March 29, 1953, Section III, p. 1, col. 3.
  18. U.S. Department of State, Treaties and Other International Acts Series 3425, GPO (1954), "Termination of the Occupation Regime in the Federal Republic of Germany."
  19. Ibid., p. 1316, letter from Adenauer to the U.S. High Commissioner, October 23, 1954.
  20. New York Times, January 15, 1955, p. 6, col. 4.
  21. New York Times, May 30, 1955, p. 17, col. 8.
  22. Farbenfabriken Bayer A.G., Annual Report for the Year 1955, p. 12.
  23. Farbwerke Hoechst, Annual Report for the Year 1955, p. 8.
  24. Farbenfabriken Bayer A.G., Annual Report for the Year 1956, p. 6.
  25. New York Times, June 2, 1957, p. 21, col. 1.
  26. Farbenfabriken Bayer A.G., Annual Report for the Year 1956, p. 12.
  27. New York Times, April 13, 1956, Section IV, p. 4, col. 1.
  28. Fortune, August 1977, p. 240.

 

10. CORPORATE CAMOUFLAGE

  1. TWC, VII, p. 35.
  2. National Archives Collection, World War II Crimes, Doc. Book 5, Schmitz, Doc. No. 76, Friedrich Liecher affidavit.
  3. Alien Property Custodian Report of 1919, p. 100.
  4. New York Times, September 21, 1926, p. 17, col. 2.
  5. Hoopes, Townsend, The Devil and John Foster Dulles, Atlantic-Little Brown, Boston, 1973, p. 28.
  6. Luckau, Alma, The German Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference, Columbia University Press, New York, 1941, p. 125.
  7. New York Times, November 27, 1919, p. 22, col. 6.
  8. Société Suisse pour Valeurs de Metaux v. Cummings, Attorney General, 99 F. 2d 387 at 390.
  9. New York Times, September 9, 1926, p. 1, col. 1.
  10. Société Suisse v. Cummings, p. 391.
  11. Ibid.
  12. New York Times, January 23, 1926, p. 32, col. 3.
  13. Mayer, Martin, Emory Buckner, Harper and Row, New York, 1968, p. 212.
  14. New York Times, May 18, 1926, p. 1, col. 3.
  15. New York Times, September 10, 1926, p. 23, col. 6.
  16. Ibid.
  17. New York Times, September 15, 1926, p. 1, col. 4.
  18. New York World, September 21, 1926, p. 1, col. 1.
  19. New York Evening Post, September 21, 1926, p. 6, col. 2.
  20. New York World, October 9, 1926, p. 6, col. 4.
  21. New York Sun, October 8, 1926, p. 2, col. 1.
  22. New York Times, October 15, 1926, p. 20, col. 2.
  23. Mayer, Martin, p. 234.
  24. Knox, John C. Clark, A Judge Comes of Age, p. 257.
  25. Société Suisse pour Valeurs de Metaux v. Cummings, Attorney General, 97 F. 2d 387.
  26. New York Times, September 10, 1940, p. 14, col. 1.
  27. J. Robert Bonnar et al. v. United States, in the U.S. Court of Claims, No. 293-63, Defendant's Exhibit 381.
  28. Hearings before Special Committee Investigating the Munitions Industry, U.S. Senate, 73rd Congress, part XI, p. 2397, Alleged Dye Monopoly, p. 252.
  29. Adolf Kuttroff v. Thomas W. Miller as Alien Property Custodian et al., in Equity No. E-30-251, District Court for the Southern District of New York, Complaint, November 7, 1924, p. 4.
  30. Ibid., Memorandum of Facts in Answer to Bill of Complaint filed November 18, 1924.
  31. New York Times, April 26, 1929, Financial Section.
  32. New York Times, April 27, 1929, p. 30, col. 2.
  33. J. Robert Bonnar et al. v. The United States, in the U.S. Court of Claims, No. 293-63, Exhibit DSR 164.
  34. Gesetz gegen Verrat der Deutschen Volkswirtschaft, June 12, 1933.
  35. U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division, General Aniline and Film Liquidators Report, p. 26f.
  36. NI-7319, affidavit of August von Knieriem; and J. Robert Bonnar et al. v. The United States, in the U.S. Court of Claims, No. 293-63, Defendant's Exhibit 377, letter from Rospatt to Central Finance Administration, August 16, 1939.
  37. SEC Report on Investment Trusts and Investment Companies, part IV, 1942, p. 146.
  38. Ibid., pp. 21538-9, Public Examination of American I.G. Chemical Corporation.
  39. Hearings before a Special Committee Investigating the National Defense Program, United States Senate, 77th Cong., 1st Session (1941), Investigation of the National Defense Program, part II, p. 4897, memorandum re: American I.G., SEC Investigation of Investment Trusts, February 10, 1938.
  40. Ibid., p. 4896, letter from Frank Howard to H. von Reidemann, February 19, 1938.
  41. Ibid., p. 4903, letter from Frank Howard to Walter Teagle, March 11, 1938.
  42. J. Robert Bonnar et al. v. The United States, in the U.S. Court of Claims, No. 293-63, Defendant's Exhibit 185, extract from conference, March 31, 1938.
  43. J. Robert Bonnar et al. v. The United States, in the U.S. Court of Claims, No. 293-63, Commissioner Fletcher's Report, p. 58.
  44. Ibid., Defendant's Exhibit 163, statement dated October 3, 1947, made by Dr. Gustav Schlotterer to the U.S. Department of Justice, p. 15.
  45. New York Times, October 31, 1939, p. 35, col. 2.
  46. NI-5768, affidavit of Fritz ter Meer.
  47. Ibid.
  48. Ibid.
  49. J. Robert Bonnar et al. v. The United States, in the U.S. Court of Claims, No. 293-63, testimony of Krueger, p. 1493.
  50. Ibid., testimony of Gutav Schlotterer, pp. 2114-2115.
  51. Ibid., Defendant's Exhibit 74.
  52. General Aniline and Film Corporation, Interim Report to the SEC for the period April 1, 1939 to December 31, 1939.
  53. SEC Annual Report to Congress, June, 1941.
  54. J. Robert Bonnar et al. v. The United States, in the U.S. Court of Claims, No. 293-63, DSR 437, p. 3.
  55. New York Times, May 2, 1941, p. 1, col. 3.
  56. New York Times, May 14, 1941, p. 9, col. 6.
  57. J. Robert Bonnar et al. v. United States, in the U.S. Court of Claims, No. 293-63, DSR 437.
  58. Ibid., DSR 437.
  59. Ibid., DSR 437, pp. 4-5.
  60. Ibid., Defendant's Exhibit 141.
  61. Ibid., Report of the Commissioner to the Court, January 26, 1970, p. 80.
  62. New York Times, December 6, 1941, p. 25, col. 4.
  63. Hearings, Senate Judiciary Committee, U.S. Senate, 77th Cong., 1st Session, December 15, 1941.
  64. J. Robert Bonnar et al. v. United States, in the U.S. Court of Claims, No. 293-63, Defendant's Exhibit 162.

 

11. THE STRANGE CASE OF GENERAL ANILINE AND FILM

  1. Letter to J. Borkin from Philip W. Amram, July 7, 1972.
  2. Standard Oil Co. (N.J.) et al v. Clark, Joint Appendix to the Briefs, pp. 547-549, testimony of August von Knieriem.
  3. Ibid., pp. 556-557.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Standard Oil Co. (N.J.) et al. v. Clark, 64 F. Supp. 656 at 665.
  6. Ibid., 671.
  7. Standard Oil Co. et al. v. Clark. 163 F. 2d 917.
  8. Ibid., 163 F. 2d 917 at 927.
  9. Ibid., 163 F. 2d 917 at 925.
  10. Treaties and Other International Acts Series 1655, "Germany: Distribution of Reparation, Establishment of Inter-Allied Reparation Agency, Restitution of Monetary Gold," Department of State Publication 2966.
  11. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A. v. McGranery, et al., Ill F. Supp 435 (D.D.C. 1953).
  12. Ibid., at 437.
  13. Kaufman et al. v. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A., et al. 343 U.S. 156 at 157 (1952).
  14. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A., et al. v. McGrath et al. 90 F. Supp 1011 (D.D.C. 1950).
  15. Kaufman et al. v. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A., et al. 188 F. 2d 1017 (D.C. Cir. 1951).
  16. Kaufman v. Societe Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A., et al. 342 U.S. 847 (1951).
  17. New York Times, January 14, 1952, p. 29, col. 7.
  18. Kaufman et al. v. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A., et al. 343 U.S. 156 (1952).
  19. New York Times, January 14, 1950, p. 29, col. 7.
  20. Department of Justice Report, June 25, 1962, "Price Settlement Efforts."
  21. Kaufman et al. v. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A., et al. 343 U.S. 156 (1952).
  22. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A., v. McGranery, et al. Ill F. Supp. 435 (D.D.C. 1953).
  23. S. 3423, 83d Congress, 2d Session.
  24. New York Times, August 15, 1954.
  25. New York Times, August 10, 1954.
  26. New York Times, August 3, 1954.
  27. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A., et al. v. Rogers 357 U.S. 197 (1958).
  28. New York Times, June 26, 1958.
  29. New York Times, February 10, 1958, p. 34, col. 7.
  30. Ibid.
  31. Schmitz v. Societe Internationale et al. 249 F. Supp 757 (D.D.C. 1966), affirmed without opinion in Schmitz v. Societe Internationale et al., No. 24, 600, February 15, 1972 (D.C. Cir.), Brief for Robert A. Schmitz, p. 10.
  32. Ibid., Brief for Robert A. Schmitz, p. 10.
  33. New York Times, June 6, 1960, p. 44, col. 3.
  34. Schmitz v. Societe Internationale et al. 249 F. Supp 757 (D.D.C. 1966) affirmed without opinion in Schmitz v. Societe Internationale et al. No. 24, 600, February 15, 1972 (D.C. Cir.), Joint Appendix Exhibits, Plantiff's Exhibit 80, p. 167, Alfred Schaefer's letter to Robert Schmitz on November 14, 1960.
  35. Ibid., Joint Appendix Volume I, p. 470, William Orrick's Testimony.
  36. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Defendant's Exhibit 58, p. 489, Alfred Schaefer's letter to Charles Spofford on July 21, 1961.
  37. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Plaintiff's Exhibit 143, p. 282, Alfred Schaefer's letter to Charles Wilson and Charles Spofford on August 24, 1961.
  38. Ibid., Deposition of Charles Spofford, taken February 27, 1968, p. 17.
  39. Ibid., Deposition of Charles Spofford, taken February 27, 1968, p. 22
  40. Ibid., Testimony of Alfred Schaefer, February 2, 1970, pp. 1114-1115.
  41. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Defendant's Exhibit 62, p. 496, Spofford's letter to Schaefer on September 18, 1961.
  42. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Defendant's Exhibit 62, p. 495, Spofford's letter to Schaefer on September 18, 1961.
  43. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Defendant's Exhibit 62, p. 495, Spofford's letter to Schaefer on September 18, 1961.
  44. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Plaintiff's Exhibit 198, p. 367, Schaefer's reply to Spofford on September 26, 1961.
  45. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Plaintiff's Exhibit 198, p. 367, Schaefer's reply to Spofford on September 26, 1961.
  46. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Defendant's Exhibit 63, p. 499, Spofford's letter to Schaefer, October 6, 1961.
  47. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Plaintiff's Exhibit 197, p. 365, Schaefer's reply to Spofford, October 9, 19.
  48. Ibid., Joint Appendix Volume II, p. 1124f, Schaefer's Testimony.
  49. Ibid., Joint Appendix Volume II, p. 1126, Schaefer's Testimony.
  50. Ibid., Joint Appendix Volume II, pp. 1126-1129, Schaefer's Testimony.
  51. Ibid., Deposition of Charles Spofford taken February 27, 1968, p. 21.
  52. Ibid., Joint Appendix Volume II, p. 1299, Deposition of Charles Spofford taken January 28, 1970.
  53. Schmitz v. Société Internationale et al. 249 F. Supp 757 (D.D.C. 1966) affirmed without opinion in Schmitz v. Societe Internationale et al., No. 24, 600, February 15, 1972 (D.C. Cir.), Joint Appendix, Volume II, p. 501.
  54. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Plaintiff's Exhibit 204, p. 373, Robert Kennedy's cable to Alfred Schaefer on January 18, 1962.
  55. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Plaintiff's Exhibit 172, p. 313f, Alfred Schaefer's letter to Charles Wilson on February 12, 1962.
  56. Ibid., Joint Appendix Exhibits, Defendant's Exhibit 7, p. 406, Charles Wilson's reply to Alfred Schaefer on March 26, 1962.
  57. H. R. 7283, bill passed by 87th Congress, 2d Session, on October 3, 1962, to amend the War Claims Act of 1948.
  58. Public Law 87-846, 76 Stat. 1107, signed by President John Kennedy on October 22, 1962.
  59. New York Times, October 23, 1962, p. 14, col. 4.
  60. Schmitz v. Societe Internationale et al. 249 F. Supp 757 (D.D.C. 1966) affirmed without opinion in Schmitz v. Societe Internationale et al., No. 24, 600, February 15, 1972 (D.C. Cir.), Brief for Societe Internationale et al., p. 23.
  61. New York Times, March 4, 1963, p. 1, col. 1, and p. 8, col. 4.
  62. New York Times, March 4, 1963, p. 8, col. 4.
  63. New York Times, March 7, 1963, p. 4, col. 5.
  64. New York Times, March 7, 1963, p. 4, col. 5.
  65. New York Times, March 8, 1963, p. 13, col. 1.
  66. New York Times, March 8, 1963, p. 16, col. 6.
  67. New York Times, March 8, 1963, p. 16, col. 6.
  68. New York Times, March 8, 1963, p. 16, col. 6.
  69. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A. v. McGrath et al. 9F.R.D. (D.D.C. 1948), Stipulation of Settlement CA. 4360-48, signed December 20, 1963, by Attorney General Robert Kennedy and John J. Wilson.
  70. New York Times, April 16, 1964, p. 51, col. 3.
  71. Société Internationale pour Participations Industrielles et Commerciales, S.A. v. McGrath et al. 9F.D.R. (D.D.C. 1948), order issued April 15, 1964, by Judge David A. Pine.
  72. Washington Post, May 19, 1964, sec. B, p. 27 and Washington Post, May 25, 1964, sec. B, p. 11.
  73. Washington Post, May 25, 1964, sec. B, p. 11.
  74. Washington Post, May 25, 1964, sec. B, p. 11.
  75. New York Times, August 23, 1964, p. 35, col. 1.
  76. New York Times, April 1, 1978, p. 31, col. 1.
  77. 50 U.S.C. App. 12: "Any person purchasing property from the Alien Property Custodian for an undisclosed principal, or for re-sale to a person not a citizen of the United States, or for the benefit of a person not a citizen of the United States, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, shall be subject to a fine of not more than $10,000, or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both, and the property shall be forfeited to the United States."