NOTES

CHAPTER SIXTEEN

1. Professor John Tebbel in The Inheritors, G. P. Putnam's Sons, N.Y., 1962, makes particular note in captions to photographs of the obvious boredom shown by some of the rich even in their pleasure haunts. Note photographs inserted between pages 232 and 233, especially expressions on the faces of Mr. and Mrs. William K. Vanderbilt, who had recently arrived in Miami on their yacht Ara and were snapped watching the races at Hialeah; on the face of John Jacob Astor VI at a big film premiere; on the Belmonts at Belmont Park; and on Marshall Field III and his third wife. In this collection only Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney seem buoyed up by some private glimpse of the comic. As is the case in many of their public photographs, Rockefeller I and II and Morgan I and II merely look formidably glum, as though they were having trouble with the help.

2. Note is taken in America's Sixty Families, pp. 14-17, of the intermarriage of wealthy American young women with European nobility. Somewhat greater pains are taken there in subsequent pages to show that the American big-rich already in 1937 consisted very considerably of a cousinage. When one refers to almost any combination of the big inheritors one is, more often than not, referring to cousins. This cousinage of wealth bridges the Atlantic today.

3. Merrill Folsom, Great American Mansions and Their Stories, Hastings House, N.Y., 1963, pp. 203-6.

4. Morris, p. 3.

5. Ibid.

6. Folsom, p. 204.

7. Ibid.

8. Ibid., p. 205.

9. America's Sixty Families, pp. 432-33.

10. William H. A. Carr, p. 2.

11. Ibid., p. 326, and passim.

12.. Ibid., pp. 343-44.

13. Folsom, pp. 93-100.

14. Ibid., p. 55.

15. Ibid., p. 57.

16. Ibid., 62.

17. New York Times, February 16, 1966; 38:11-5.

18. In America's Sixty Families, pp. 408-46, there was presented an extensive catalogue of the yachts, pipe organs, airplanes, horses, automobile fleets and assorted appurtenances of the freedom-loving American rich; in these pages I forebear burdening the reader with similar formidable lists. Interested readers can check on such ownerships in catalogues on file in major public libraries--on yacht ownership in Lloyd's Register of American Yachts, on airplane ownership in standard registers of the Civil Aeronautics Board, on paintings in various art registers, etc. Suffice it to say here that all such stuff is pretty much standard equipment of the rich denizens of the greatest democracy in history.

19. James Reston, "Washington: The Fat Cat Subsidies," New York Times, December 7, 1966, 46:5-8.

20. William H. A. Carr, p. 268.

21. New York Times, January 16, 1964; 17:8; February 3, 1964; 67:6.

22. The Power Elite, pp. 163-64.

23. "Pollution in the Air We Breathe," Consumer Reports, August, 1960, p. 406.

24. New York Times, April 1, 1932; 1:2; 11:1.

25. Statistical Abstract, 1964, p. 587. See footnote No. 2, Table 814.

26. This story is told in Whalen, The Founding Father, pp. 387-90, where the original unpublished Globe interview appears in its entirety. As a denial of alleged anti-Semitism, the interview as written conveys an impression of a man threading his way through a difficult subject in which care must be exercised not to concede too much one way or the other. Kennedy made it clear that he did not dislike all Jews, only some Jews, and that he certainly was opposed to anything extreme like their outright extermination. Anti-Semitism, he maintained, is sometimes promoted by Jews in their very efforts, futile, to combat it, while some Jews take unfair advantage of the persecution against them; furthermore, some Jews in public life ascribe justified personal criticism to anti-Semitism. "I try to see the whole problem in its proper perspective," the ex-ambassador asseverated with fine judiciousness.

27. John Gunther, Roosevelt in Retrospect, Harper & Bros., N.Y., 1950) pp. 235-40, 267-68.

28. For information about how writers who offend those on high are chivvied about see, for a beginning, Jack Anderson, Washington Exposé, Public Affairs Press, Washington, D.C., 1966, pp. 9-44, 110, 162 and passim.