THE five earlier factors on the Keyline scale will now haveindicated clearly which one of the possible alternatives is the best site for thepermanent farm buildings, the sixth factor on the Keyline scale of permanence.
The selection of sites for the permanent farm buildings mayinfluence the pattern of clearing trees adjacent to the site; therefore the sitesshould be fixed early during the planned clearing of the land. However, decidingthe location of permanent farm buildings does not affect the general planning ofthe trees that are to be left in the clearing of the property or grown on clearedcountry. Permanent farm buildings should be located in respect to climatic featuresand land shape so that the best living and working conditions are provided on thesite. Consideration is also given in the planning to the general water conservationscheme and to the pattern of clearing as it affects living conditions at the sitefor the buildings.
Without the benefits of a full appreciation of the various factorsof the Keyline scale it has often been difficult to decide the most suitable sitefor permanent farm buildings. There may be several sites, all of which could havea particular feature more favourable than on other possible sites. However, withfull consideration of all the earlier factors of the Keyline scale, possible sitescan be more realistically appraised. The positioning of water supply features guidingthe location of farm roads in relation to land shape and climate will disclose allthe suitable or possible sites of the access roads from the shire or council roadsinto the farm. The access road would follow perhaps along the top of a ridge or,from a suitable point on the public road, along a contour of the land high enoughto avoid heavy run-off flow. The access road must be trafficable in all weathersand must be permanent. These relevant matters will be so obvious that the final considerationof possible sites can then be made.
Permanence in such matters on the farm relate strongly to familylife and the final decision is made to suit the farmer's wife. The best aspect andview is more important than such matters as easiest sanitation, one time consideredas the first in the order of importance. Modern methods and equipment can, with littletrouble, provide perfection and permanence in such matters. Sometimes the final decidingfactor on the location of buildings has been the availability of a particular watersupply. Water supply is important, but, again, modern construction will provide thebest of these facilities without the home being necessarily bound too closely tothe locality of a suitable supply.
The Keyline planning of the land opens up and often createsbeautiful vistas that make for pleasant home life. Farm homesteads may overlook thepublic road but need not be too close to the road when the farm access road is asgood or better than the public road. Good views and appearance dominate the siteselection.
The homestead takes precedence in site selection over the otherbuildings, which are sited so that they are overlooked from the kitchen or livingarea of the home. The old central courtyard with the various buildings grouped aroundit has much to commend it. The access road from the public highway should then leaddirectly into the central area and the main farm roads lead out of it. The work areashould be of sufficient size at least to enable any vehicle working on the farm orone likely to carry goods to the farm, to turn and manoeuvre satisfactorily. Prevailingwinds in relation to smell and dust are considered. Sufficient small paddocks areassociated with the building area so that overnight horses and special or sick beastsmay be kept under close supervision. Finally, no fire hazard can be permitted inthis planning. The higher the development of a property the more fireproof it willbecome. The development at any time should therefore be greater near the homesteadand permanent building sites. Improvement of land could logically start at the stepsof the homestead and the first irrigation area to be developed could be the one closestto the buildings. There is no better fire break than paddocks which can be irrigatedat the turn of the large water control valve on a dam.
All the various considerations that are taken into account inthe siting of the homestead and permanent farm buildings are not contained in thisbrief summary under the heading of this chapter. Rather, as with other factors ofthe Keyline scale, all items higher on the scale form part of the present factorunder discussion.