On the state of socialist production relations

The stable lag of the socialist countries in the field of economics; faster economic development of countries that did not force the nationalization of the means of production under the same starting conditions, which is especially clearly seen when comparing, for example, the GDR and the FRG, North and South Korea, China and Taiwan; increasing the efficiency of social production in a number of socialist countries while reducing the public sector and expanding the personal and cooperative sectors; better development of the USSR economy in the 20s than in subsequent periods, when the share of state-owned enterprises increased by two to three times. These facts indicate that, firstly, production relations based on a high degree of socialization do not now provide high productivity of social labor, and vice versa - based on a lower degree of socialization they can provide it, and secondly, in socialist countries not only can there be a steady increase in the general form of ownership, that is, an increase in socialization, but in some periods its reduction is possible, accompanied by an increase in the efficiency of public production. The noted and other facts indicate that the concept that prevailed in the 30s and continues to dominate the need for the comprehensive increase, that is, maximization, of socialist ownership should be recognized as incorrect and replaced with a new one that is consistent with the real conditions and goals of perestroika. The basis of this new concept, as follows from the first two characteristics listed above, should be the interconnection of socialization, characterized first of all by the structure of forms of ownership: specific gravities of public (nationalized) property, representing the highest form of socialization, collective ownership (in various varieties) and private - not socialized - property.



The state of socialist production relations, first of all, the specific weight of the national form of ownership, at each moment in time should have optimal parameters. The concept of "optimal degree of development of production relations" reflects the generally recognized fact that only one certain state of production relations should adequately correspond to a certain degree of development of productive forces and the discrepancy here leads to a decrease in socio-economic efficiency. Moreover, and this must be emphasized, the decline will occur not only when the production relations lag behind the productive forces, but also when the former “run over”. Therefore, such a state of production relations should be considered as optimal when, at a given level of development of productive forces, the maximum efficiency of social production is ensured. You can find all you need for plastic surgery at utplasticsurgery.xyz by clicking here.