History of France

The territory of modern France still 350 years BC was inhabited by various tribes, which the Greeks called the Celts, and the Romans called the Gauls.

During the reign of Roman Caesar, these tribes were already far from barbarism and a nomadic way of life. Their main occupations were farming and raising livestock. In France there were several large cities in which the Gauls were engaged in crafts, and were able to extract minerals from the earth's bowels.

At the head of numerous tribes stood the popularly elected leaders. As a rule, the military, who earned the honor and respect in battles, received this honor. They were not illiterate and knew the Greek alphabet. Archaeological excavations at the site of ancient settlements indicate that the Gauls had a highly developed art of painting ceramics. Local jugs and vases have their own unique style and pattern, which only remotely guesses the influence of Greece.

The main trouble of the Gallic tribes was their fragmentation and constant wars among themselves. Therefore, when in 51 BC Caesar's gaze turned to the rich Gallic lands, the Romans quickly occupied the whole territory. Only certain tribes continued to resist until the year 14 CE, i.e. already under the reign of Augustus. Under him, Gaul was divided into three administrative districts that supplied Rome with food.

Gaul became one of the richest conquests of Rome. Here, wines were made, products made of wood, ceramics, metal. Trade was active, and new cities were being built. One after another, new colonists moved from Rome here. Over the years of life in the lands of the Gauls, they mixed with the local population, creating a rich Gallo-Roman culture.

The economic and political decline of Rome was reflected in the life of Gaul. For several centuries, one inept rule was replaced by another. Until the year 284, northeastern Germanic tribes seized the land. Emperor Aurelius (270-275) managed to restore power and order in the country only for five years.

Emperor Diocletian (284-305), followed by Constantine (305-337), tried to restore the former greatness of the Roman Empire and restore order in its western possessions. From the province of Gaul, it was transformed into a prefecture, then divided into even smaller administrative units, but in the 5th century, when Rome ceased to exist, Gaul was left without a master.

So in the 5th century the territory of modern France fell under the control of the German Merovingians. Titan Gel Gold review