Gone are the days when “impregnable” walls and gates were built. The gods no longer built the walls of Troy, and even she herself was forgotten until modern times.
Huge castles and fortified cities were protected by walls and huge gates, the number of which could be significant. For example, in Muslim Cordoba, the number of gates reached thirteen. Rational Europeans, while recognizing the sacred nature of gates and doors, were nevertheless not proponents of geographical totemism.
Western castles towered over cliffs, rocks, in river bends.
Russian cities were also placed in a high place, and they tried to arrange them so that nature itself would help protect them. Almost all the cities of Ancient Russia were located in river bends.
But the art of destroying cities has already gained such proportions that practically no cities have remained in history that would not have been taken as a result of a proper siege. It seems only the "Virgin Peronn" in France has maintained its inviolability until 1815.
Powerful walls and gates, that's what protected the townspeople.
But the gates were designed to enable citizens and guests to enter the city and back, and therefore they could not compete with the strength of the walls. And the enemy sent his blows here.
Surrounding the castle with a deep moat, they tried to complicate, or even make it impossible for the enemy to access the gate in wartime. The gates were protected by drawbridges, Forged grates were installed outside the gates, which could be lowered, sometimes the gates were generally laid with stone.
But with the development of artillery, this almost lost its meaning.
"Strength in the hearts of the defenders."
But in case the enemy bursts into the city, prudent rulers made secret passages for themselves, which, of course, were locked by secret doors.
Not a single castle could do without such doors, and, of course, they struck the imagination of contemporaries.
Secret doors to this day remain one of the most frequent detail of the "Medieval Entourage", constant companions of the atmosphere of mystery and adventure.
But there were times when it was simply necessary to sit out behind secret doors.
During Cromwell’s period, not only secret passages with doors were built in England, entire rooms for Catholic priests were located in the castles of the nobility, which remained faithful to the Catholic faith.
Cromwell's “iron-faced” ones, of course, knew about their existence, but could not find these rooms, their disguise was so perfect.
But even the trickiest doors sometimes could not save the inhabitants of the house and then the trick came to the rescue.
Michel Montaigne, a writer, a philosopher, possessed the only castle in the entire district that was not looted by either the Huguenots, not the Catholic gangs, who together looted everything around. The philosopher simply opened the gate as a man who already has nothing to lose and scouring gangs, believing that the castle was already robbed, passed by.
It is not known whether Montaigne was aware of a similar trick used by the famous commander of Ancient China, Juge Liang. When the enemies found Juge Liang in a weakly fortified city, without troops, the commander ordered the gates to be opened and began to walk along the wall, which was located above the gates. Enemies could not think that their famous enemy was completely alone in the city, and in fear of his cunning fled.
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