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SIMON AND SCHUSTER
1 9 2 9
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED COPYRIGHT, 1929, BY SIMON AND SCHUSTER, INC.
37 WEST 57 STREET NEW YORK
PRINTED IN U. S. A. BY VAIL-BALLOU PRESS, BINGHAMTON
BOUND BY H. WOLFF EST., N. Y.
MYRTLE MAE BORSODI
Whose Courage, Initiative and Resourcefulness
Made the adventure possible
Which inspired this book
And for whose patient cooperation in its production
A tribute of mere words is wholly
This book in its present form is an attempt,still largely unsatisfactory to myself, to project certain ideas evolved from a questof comfort--material and philosophical--in some respect quite different from thatwhich engages most of us today.
If I have ventured to step from the humdrum practicalityof economics to the sacred and dangerous precincts of philosophy, it is because philosophersgenerally seem to forget that the acquisition of food, clothing and shelter is prerequisiteto the pursuit of the good, the true and the beautiful. Epistemology, ethics andesthetics acquire reality only if related to economics.
While not too sanguine about my success in venturinginto this field, the book cannot wholly fail if here and there it spurs men and womento free themselves from the ugliness of this civilization. If it directs the attentionof even a few thinkers to the questions with which it deals, I will feel fully justifiedin having published it.
It is impossible to acknowledge my indebtednessto all from whom I have taken counsel in the preparation of this book, but specialmention must be made of my friend Guy M. Carleton, with whom I have discussed almostevery point in it, and who has been good enough not only to study the manuscript,but to make many suggestions for its, improvement.
Suffern, New York.
THE QUEST OF COMFORT
THIS UGLY CIVILIZATION
I THIS UGLY CIVILIZATION
IV THE FACTORY ITSELF
V THE FACTORY'S PRODUCTS
VI THE FACTORY WORKERS
VII THE FACTORYS CUSTOMERS
VIII THE CONQUERING FACTORY SYSTEM
THE PERSONS IN THE DRAMA
The Great Men and the Small
IX THE PERSONS IN THE DRAMA
X JOHN DOE, AVERAGE MAN: THE HERD-MINDED TYPE
XI JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER: THE QUANTITY-MINDEDTYPE
XII CHARLES W. ELIOT: THE QUALITY-MINDED TYPE
THE CONQUEST OF COMFORT
THE MATERIAL ASPECT
XIV FOOD, CLOTHING AND SHELTER: THE ESSENTIALSOF COMFORT
XV THE FACTORS IN THE QUEST OF COMFORT: I. THEHOMESTEAD
XVI THE FACTORS IN THE QUEST OF COMFORT: II.TIME
XVII THE FACTORS IN THE QUEST OF COMFORT: IIIMACHINES
XVIII THE FACTORS IN THE QUEST OF COMFORT: IV.WISDOM
THE PHILOSOPHIC ASPECT
XIX THE CONQUEST OF COMFORT
XX THE BARRIERS TO COMFORT
The Economic Barrier
The Physiological Barrier
The Social Barrier
The Biological Barrier
The Religious Barrier
The Political Barrier
The Moral Barrier
The Psychological Barrier
The Educational Barrier
The Individual Barrier