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Diseases and Medicines.
PLEURISY cured with Camomile. --To do this our country women,before they bleed, try camomile, by boiling a boy's handful of it in a pint of middlingale a little while; then strain, and sweeten it with half a half-pennyworth of treacle,and as soon as it is drank, go to bed, laying the boiled camomile to the side wherethe pain is, which if violent, some will make use of a whole half-pennyworth of treacle.
Hoarseness cured by Figs and Brandy.--Take threefigs, split them and toast them, and then put them into half a quartern of Frenchor old molosses brandy; eat the figs going to bed, and in about eight minutes afterdrink up the brandy.--Or bruise four ounces of figs, eight ounces of prunes, andfour large cloves of garlick, boil in three pints of milk, strain and sweeten withcandy or sugar, take some hot going to bed, and continue it for a cough[.]
Hoarseness cured by Treacle and Water.--Takethree or four knife-points of treacle in your mouth, and then directly drink a draughtof cold water after it, and go immediately to bed. It will sweat you, and is by somethought to be the best of medicines for this purpose.--Another wraps up a piece ofbutter as big as a walnut in sugar.
A Tympany cured.--Mr. Caser, whom I knew,was a famous surgeon-apothecary and man-midwife at Stroud in Kent,whose wife having a tympany, or very large swell'd belly, it failed her husband andall the skill of his acquaintance to cure her, till happily a beggar-woman advisedher to apply camomile dipt in spirits of wine, which effected a cure, and she out-livedher husband.
Vomitting stopt.--Boil mint and camomile inwater, sweeten the strained liquor with treacle and drink it, but apply the herbshot to the belly; it cured my servant when other things failed.
Cough and Asthma.
TO cure a Cough.--My landlord, the late Mr. Colemare,rector of Little-Gaddesden assured me, that the following receit is an infalliblecure for a cough.--Boil two ounces of Spanish liquorice with three clovesof garlick, in a quart of spring water, till it comes to a pint; take a spoonfulof it now and then as the fit happens. For an asthma.--A man was kept manyyears alive by drinking (as his common drink) rum, water, and sugar. Whey is good,and beer almost poison.--One Daniel Watkins, of Long Marson,near Aylesbury, declared to me, that he was cured of an asthma by swallowingyoung frogs.
A second Receit.--Mr. Justice Duncomb,of Barley-End in Bucks, laid much stress on this remedy for a cough:Boil, says he, bran in water, strain; and sweeten with sugar-candy.
A third Receit.--A farmer's wife used to putpepper into a pint of ale, and drink it going into bed. It has cured in one night'stime.--Or swallow a pint of cold spring water going to bed; it will cause you tosweat.
A fourth Receit for Cough and Asthma.--Takefive or six figs, as many cloves of garlick, and eight or ten prunes stoned and bruised;infuse all in a pint of rum, and fll up if occasion with another pint, taking nowand then some of it.--The landlord at the Bear-Inn at Southampton toldme nothing exceeds it.
Sir Hans Sloan's Medicine for an Asthma.--Takethe yolk of an egg in a dram of rum now and then; it is a most excellent remedy.
The famous Cure for a Cough and spitting of Bloodby Balsam of Sulphur.--Drop ten drops of balsam of sulphur on a piece of loafsugar and swallow it; it will cause a cold to begin breaking directly, make you spit,and heal the lungs. My farrier, that is the Duke of Bridg[e]water's farrier,tells me, that in ------ , 1749, he had such a violent cough, as to bring up muchblood in clots, which he thinks must have terminated in an ulcer on his lungs anda consumption, had he not been cured; but he cured himself by taking twenty dropsof balsam of sulphur in a tea spoonful of treacle twice a day, for several days,which directly stopt his spitting of blood, and cured him; but it was not the samewith the following person.--Tho. Cely, a servant at Barley-End, havinga cough that made him spit blood, was ordered by Dr. Woodhouse of Berkhamsteadto take balsam of sulphur, but it did not answer; upon this he applied himself toone Surgeon Rowland of Aylesbury, and his remedy did not do; at lastthere happened to be two physical professors at Tring, who said one to theother, Come we shall lose this good pot-companion, if we don't do something betterfor him. Upon which, they ordered him to boil raisins, figs, coltsfoot-flowers, sassafras,liquorice-powder, and one spoonful of anniseed, in three quarts of spring-water,till it came to three pints, and drink it at discretion; Cely said, he foundmuch benefit at the first taking of it, and was thoroughly cured by it afterwards.--Itwas thought the balsam was too hot for his constitution in the quantity it was givenhim.
For a common Cough.--Boil one ounce of butter,one ounce of honey; and a sprig of rosemary, in half a pint of milk, and drink goingto bed; but treacle is thought by some to be better than honey.
Another Receit for a Cough.--Boil a spoonfulof honey, and a spoonful of mustard, in less than half a pint of white-wine vinegar;let it but just boil up, and when cold enough, take it going to bed; it has curedwhen other things have failed, by giving a breathing sweat.
Another.--Make a tea of horehound and ground-ivy.Dr. Woodhouse.
A Smith cured of a consumptive Cough.--Thissmith lived near me, when he told me the following medicine cured him of a coughof two years standing: He put a handful of rue and a sprig of wormwood into a twoquart large-nosed glass bottle of ale, and after they had been soaked a day and night,he drank half a pint at a time, in the morning and at going to bed; when out, heflled up the bottle with more ale, and afterwards he put in fresh herbs and moreale, and thus cured himself; otherwise he thought the cough would have brought himinto a consumption.
A Family Syrup to cure Coughs.--Coltsfoot yellowflowers blow in March and April, and one of our country housewivesmakes a syrup of them to keep all the year by her, for curing her family of coughs.--Orboil a quarter of a pound of raisins stoned, with some horehound, in a quart of ale,and a quarter of a pound of sugar-candy, till a third part is wasted; take a coffee-cupfull night and morning.
A fine Remedy for a Cough or Cold.--Put twenty-fourcloves of garlick into a pint and half of coltsfoot, mint, and hysop-water; boilthe cloves till they are tender, then lay them on a plate. This done, take the liquidpart, and add to it half a pint of the very best white-wine vinegar, and one poundof sugar-candy, which boil gently till it comes to a syrup; when cold, let the garlicklie in it.--Directions for taking it.--Take two cloves in a spoonful of the syrupevery morning, and fast till dinner; at night only one spoonful of the syrup; continueat discretion: It is said, that nothing is better to cure a cough or cold, or topreserve the lungs, and create an appetite. Another boils a whole head of garlickin two quarts of water to a quart, then puts in a pound of sugar-candy, and boilsit to a pint: Take a tea-spoonful frequently.
A poor Family's Remedy for a Cough.--They takebrandy thicken'd with sugar, or (better) brandy, coarse sugar, and sweet oil mixt.--Ahooping-cough has been cured in children, by putting coarse sugar between slicedturnips; or sugar-candy in the liquor.
Sore Throat.--Our country housewives mix honeyand pepper together; or turn a fig inside outward, and put powder'd race-ginger onit; or boil rosemary and sugar in milk.--Or you may make a good gargle for a sorethroat, by adding pepper or powder'd ginger to the above cough medicine, consistingof honey, mustard, and vinegar. This warm'd, should be frequently used to garglethe sore part of a throat, and applied now and then with a liquorice stick.--Anotherof my neighbours drops Hungary water on loaf-sugar and swallows it.--EsquireWilliams, of Devonshire, mixes best brandy with a little water, andswallowing it several times a day cures him.--Another for a cough or sore throatholds a large pewter spoonful of honey over some embers, till it is melted thoroughlyhot, and takes it very hot going to bed; this is much practised in Hertfordshire.--Whenthe palate of the mouth is down, boil pepper in milk with butter and rosemary; takesome now and then very hot, and stroke under your jaws at the same time.--Or as soonas the throat begins to be sore, wrap pepper in a piece of fresh butter about thebigness of a small walnut, and when the butter is cover'd all over with the pepper,swallow it: This has proved a present cure.
JAundice cured.--My next neighbour the widow Howard,who lives on her landed estate, and has more experience in medicines than thousandsof others, says, old women cure this distemper better than doctors.--That she knewa woman gather a bushel of chickweed for getting and saving the juice of it, purelyfor having (she thought) the best remedy in the world by her ready to cure the jaundiceat any time of the year, I suppose by making a syrup of it. In 1747, Mrs Howardhad a niece, naturally of a ruddy complection, and of a sound constitution, but themother of it having indulged the girl (almost six years old) in drinking tea everymorning, and sometimes in the afternoon, she fell into the jaundice, but was curedby Mrs. Howard, who only gave her a spoonful of chickweed-juice fasting, andanother spoonful at four of the clock in the afternoon in a little ale; but it wouldnot be amiss, if a little saffron was mixt with the juice. This was continued tillperfectly cured, and she tells me that this has done, when all other remedies havefailed. The saffron by tincturing the juice makes it excellent. N. B. Thejuice of chickweed has cured several grown persons about Market-street inHertfordshire.
To cure the Jaundice by Lice.--It has oftensucceeded by giving the patient nine live lice every morning for a week, in a littleale.--Or take half a dram of cochineal, the same of cream of tartar; mix them withtwo drams of Venetian soap, which incorporate well together, and take half a dramthree times a day, till the patient is well, which will soon be: This receit is saidby Dr. Fuller to be a most excellent one, refraining from salt meats and strongdrink.
To cure the Jaundice in Children by Mr. Boyle'sReceit.-- Mix half an ounce of powder'd rhubarb with three ounces of currants,and beat the whole into an electuary; give the quantity of a hasel-nut every morningfor several days.
The original Receit for curing the Jaundice in oldor young, by the Juice of Chickweed, runs thus.--Take pimpernel and chickweed,stamp and strain them into posset-ale, and let the party drink thereof morning andevening; but our country housewives have found by many experiments, that the juiceof chickweed alone never fails curing a yellow jaundice, if given in time.--Mr. Boylesays, a lady cured herself twice by boiling an egg hard in her urine; and then prickingholes all over in it, she buried it in an ant-hill, and as the egg wasted, so didher distemper.
Black Jaundice.--It is said, that if shell snailsbe roasted and dried at the fire, or in an oven, and made into powder, and a spoonfulthereof drank in ale at a time, and so taken nine days together, it perfectly curesthe black jaundice.
HOW Mr. Axtell, a Surgeon and Apothecary at Leightonin Bedfordshire, preserved himself many years, while his Legs were spottedand swell'd with the Dropsy.--This person I knew to be well skill'd in his profession.He drank no malt liquor, but bought old Jamaica rum of Mr. Ladbury,a distiller, near Doctors-Commons in London, for eight shillings agallon. To one quart of it, he put two quarts of water, two lemons, two oranges,and four ounces of double-refined sugar; the peels he cut small, and to them andtheir juice he pour'd on boiling water, and so let them stand cover'd; when cold,he put in the rum, and when he would drink of it, he warm'd a coffee-dish full. Thiswas his constant drink, with another made of Rhenish-wine and green tea, in whichhe would pour some drops of spirit of vitriol.--These liquors preserved him manyyears from being overcome by his dropsy, till at last he died in 1727. N. B. Iam well acquainted with a physician in London, that undertakes to cure thedropsy without tapping, where another would tap for it. He did a surprising cureof this kind at Gaddesden, as is well known in the parish.
Dropsy cured by a Country Housewife.--In thefirst place she advises to take a purge or two of pilla-cochia. Then take two besomsmade not with birch but broom, and two handfuls of sweet cisley, by some called maid-sweet,that grows like a kecks in wet meadows; boil these in six gallons of the best wortdrawn from five or six bushels of malt; let it boil an hour gently, then strain,work it, and barrel it; this must be a common drink, for every thing should be avoidedthat creates thirst in meats and drinks. Both the receits are excellent, and willundoubtedly answer expectation, if duly followed.--Or which is better, take fivespoonfuls of broom ashes, the ashes of eight burnt nutmegs, one ounce of mustardseed, two ounces of scraped horse-radish, and some sage of virtue: These infuse ina gallon of white-wine for four or five days, and drink a jill in the morning fasting,and another at night:--Or infuse or boil them in the wort.
THIS obstinate malady is much easier prevented then cured.--Gumguaiacum is certainly the greatest remedy known by man for the gout; but the severalways of making a right use of it, is the main thing to be known.
The first Way to relieve a Fit of the Gout.--Assoon as ever the fit is come on a person, let him take a short half quartern of thefollowing mixture going to bed, on an empty stomach. Infuse half an ounce of gumguaiacum powder in a pint of good rum, shake it well, and it is fit to use directly;you may take the rum and powder in a mixture alone, or in a quarter of a pint ofale or mountain-wine; cover close in bed and lie till nine next morning, for it willcause a gentle sweat, and perhaps a stool or two. This has discharged the pain entirelyin one night's time, and if you think fit you may take it again, letting one nightpass between; but it has been observed of this excellent medicine, that the ofteneryou take it, the less effect it has.
A second Way to relieve a fit of the Gout.--Iknew a person of my intimate acquaintance, that as soon as he had taken the gum guaiacumdose, rubbed the gouty part with some spirit of lavender, and when he had done this,he claps a rag over the same besmear'd with treacle, and it answered.--But as formaking use of an application of mustard for this purpose, I am against it, for Iknew a person by this means draw a blister on his gouty foot that cost him five shillingscuring, notwithstanding it was laid on in a rag, and although it is said the ragshould be twice or thrice doubled to prevent the blistering; yet if any of the mustardin the bed should get beside the rag, it may do mischief.
How a Higler cured himself of a Fit of the Gout.--Iam informed that one Mr. Gould, a higler, being seized on a journey with thegout in his foot, so that he could not walk, stopt at Busby near Watford,and poured some spirit of lavender into his shoe, and by the time he rode fourteenmiles to London, he was thoroughly cured.
Sweat for the Gout.--I have been informed thata person of note took of hartshorn one scruple, powder of snakeroot the same quantity,mithridate half a dram, drinking it in any cordial water.--It is a violent sweat,such a one that I should not care to take, unless it was at the last extremity.
A Medicine for the Gout put in Practice by a robustTradesman.--He says he mixt spirit of saffron, spirit of turpentine, and spiritof hartshorn together, half an ounce of each, and took twenty drops at a time inale, and found it an excellent remedy for gout or rheumatism.
A Preventive for the Gout.--A gentleman at Watfordin Hertfordshire put half a dram of the powder of gum guaiacum into half apint of warm ale, and drank the same dose fasting eight mornings successively, andforbore seven mornings, then took it again, and so on.--This I think to be an excellentpreservative against the gout; but we have a country apothecary that takes a dramand a half of gum guaiacum and alloes each, and makes it into pills with balsam ofPeru: Dose half a dram before supper.
A Gentleman cured of the Gout for four Years.--Assoon as the gout began, he took a spoonful of flower of brimstone in some springwater going to bed, with a glass of mountain wine after it, and the same next morning,and so on till it removed the fit, which it soon did, and he had no gout for fouryears after.--But if I am not mistaken, he at the same time applied on very fineflannel hot treacle, so that with these internal and external remedies he soon overcamehis gout. The treacle, shifted twice a day, helps to sweat the part and extract thegouty matter.
Outward and inward Applications for the Gout.--Somelay much stress on a little tar mixed with treacle, and applied on a doubled clothhot to the gouty part.--Others say it is better done, if the tar is mixed with mutton-dripping,and cry this up for the very best of outward cures; for both these draw out the humour.--Myfarrier, who has now and then the gout in a violent manner, takes a little spoonfulof flower of brimstone mixt with treacle three mornings fasting, as the quickestinside relief of all others; and for an outward relief he heats a brick very hot,and applies it in folds of cloth as hot as can be endured; it draws much, and holdsits heat a long time; but if used too much, it is apt to leave a weakness in thepart.--A gouty correspondent writes to me, that he knew a person wear a piece ofcommon allum, cut into the shape of a middling oystershell, to weigh a quarter ofa pound; that this is the same remedy prescribed or made use of by the famous Jew,Mr. Moses Hart, as an easy preventive one, and so cheap, as to cost but onepenny, and that it must be constantly wore in a breeches pocket.--Another prefersa piece of roll brimstone for the same purpose.--Where the gout is settled, mix Barbadoesliquid tar with olive-oil, and apply it plaister-wise.
The Gout said to be relieved by one or more Issues.--Ihave heard it as the opinion of several learned gentlemen, that if a person has anissue in each leg, or better above the knee, it will deliver him from having thegout. But I think this is not infallible, because I knew two persons that have hadtwo issues at once on them for this purpose, and yet were not cured. The late Mr.Meadows, living near Hempstead, had an issue in one arm and one leg,as I have been informed; it is true he had great relief by it, yet by the gouty painsand rheumatism he died in February, 1748, at the age of about forty-seven.Another person now alive, a gentleman's park-keeper in Hertfordshire, themost troubled with the gout that I ever knew any one of a young man, found the greatestrelief by having an issue in each leg; but not a total cure. Another, his companion,now alive (in May 1749) of considerable worth, had a place lanced on the jointnear his great toe, where the surgeon took out chalk stones that would mark, notwithstandinghe has an issue in one leg, and is now but about forty years of age.
How the Duke of Bridgewater's Farrier curedhimself of the Gout in his Stomach.--Here I shall bring to the test an actionperformed on my farrier by his own management. He generally keeps Venice-treacleby him for horses distempers, and being so much afflicted with the gout, that hehad it in his legs, feet, hands, and shoulder at once (and at last it got into hisstomach) finding his case desperate, he directly had recourse to Venice-treacle,and took a piece of it about the bigness of a small walnut dissolved in ale, goingto bed. And sure enough, it drove the gout out of his stomach, as he assured me.And to prevent its return, he next day took a large dose of gin to keep his stomachwarm for the purpose, after he had by the treacle gone through a deep sweat.
A second Receit to cure the Gout in the Stomach.--Acorrespondent of the Esculapian tribe writes to me, that to prevent the fataleffects of the gout in the stomach, when it has seized this part, take elixir salutisone ounce, tincture of rhubarb made in wine a quarter of an ounce, tincture of gumguaiacum made in spirit of sal volatile, aloes, and spirit of lavender, of each halfa dram, Sydenham's liquid laudanum ffteen drops, to be directly taken whenthe fit seizes.
Doctor Quincy's (and another's) Ale for theGout.--In his Dispensatory, page 484, he says, Take guaiacum and sassafraseach one ounce, leaves of germander and ground-pine dry'd each two ounces; boil inwort instead of hops, in five or six gallons of it, then strain and work it withyeast as usual. When it is put in a barrel, take roots of avens, half a pound; hermodactyls,four ounces; agrimony, sage, betony, dodder of thyme, stúchas-flowers, each two ounces;raisins stoned, half a pound; and hang them in the vessel.--Or take one pound ofraisins; four ounces of sassafras chips or shaveings; the same quantity of hartshornshavings; candy'd eringo-roots, six ounces; angelico roots, three ounces; guaiacumchips, two ounces; dry'd orange-peel, two ounces. Hang these in five gallons of smallale when it is tun'd. Tap at a fortnight's end, and drink constantly of it.
An experienced serviceable Account how to manageand releive the Gout.--Experience is the best doctor; a merry life and shortone is too often the wrong choice of imprudent persons, but a sober life and a longone is a true choice; however, as many by the unthinking folly of youth unwarily,by drinking, lay the foundation of a gout, which they can never be cured of, withoutsubmitting to Dr. Boerhaave's milk-diet--Therefore drink half a pint of thequicksilver-water every morning throughout the year, and towards April takenow and then a dose of the preventing gum guaiacum pills, and when you have the goutrub your foot with human urine a little warm'd. This done, rub also over the samehogslard, or rather adders-tongue neat ointment, and immediately lay on the partone or more bruised colewort or cabbage leaves a little heated; draw your stockingover the same, and lie in it; this do till the pain and swelling are gone. This outwardmanagement I knew an ancient gentleman, very subject to frequent fts of the gout,always to make use of, to his quick relief.
An outward Application to relieve the gouty Pain.--Amixture of common tar with mutton dripping, laid on a gouty foot, has been affrmedto be an excellent remedy. Others say, that to mix Barbadoes tar with oliveoil, apply'd for the same purpose, is better. But by what I understand of an outwardapplication for the gout, I advise to mix this liquid excellent Barbadoestar with treacle; a fourth part tar, and three parts common treacle; and lay it plaisterwiseon the gouty part, as a most excellent remedy. And withall take this caution, thatyou employ no outward application which may force in the gouty humour, lest it driveit back to the stomach or head; but only such as those that are drawers, and notrepellers.
New way of relieving the Gout by inward and outwardApplications, sent to this Author by his ingenious Correspondent in London.--Sir,agreeable to my promise, I have now sent you the following receits: And first aninternal remedy against the gout.
As soon as you find the pain attack you, take threefine fresh rocamboles (which are sold in Covent-Garden for one shilling andsix-pence per pound) in a glass of mountain wine going to rest.--The next night takesix, and so every night advance three, till you take ffteen for the last dose. Thenomit for five nights, and begin the same course again, and you may expect the happyeffect.--A gentleman that was laid up with the gout in his feet, so that he was forcedto use crutches, was able, after he had taken two doses (number 15 each night) toget on his boots, and ride from hence to Oxford races.
Another gentleman takes five rocamboles in a glassof mountain at the tavern, at any time, and frequently whenever he finds the leastsymptoms of the gout; and likewise uses himself to it now and then by way of prevention,when he is free from it.
An external Application.--A certain apothecaryadvised a gentleman to apply a large piece of green oilcloth (such as is commonlyused for issues) over his foot swell'd with the gout, and wrap flannel about it,which gave him great ease in about half an hour, and drew the part so, without frettingthe skin, that the cloth was almost as wet as if a blistering plaister had been applied:Then it was dried and put on again, and the patient was well in about three days,who before used to be confined much longer.--N. B. This apothecary was muchafflicted with this distemper, and used the same means himself.
This last was told me as a great secret, thereforeI think it would not be adviseable to divulge it, but to yourself; because couldwe find it answer but in four cases in six, with the use of some medicine inwardlyat the same time, that would not purge so violently as the gum guaiacum does in someconstitutions, but as potently promote insensible perspiration; or even with theuse of the rocamboles as above. But I believe many would object against them as beingnauseous and offensive, tho' they certainly must be very good in this case, beinghotter than garlick.--A rocambole is of the onion and garlick tribe, about the bignessof a large pill.
IT is the notion of many, that the gout proceeds from a hot cause,and the rheumatism from a cold cause. If the rheumatism is not cured in its infancy,it is apt to grow very painful and stubborn, often times making cripples of bothold and young. The poorer sort of people are mostly afflicted with it.
Two Persons cured of the Rheumatism.--Thesehad it in their legs, and were lamed by it; but cured in about a fortnight by thefollowing drink: Take a handful or more of dwarf-elder, being what some call Dane-weed;bruise and steep it in water, or better in ale, a night and a day, and at the sametime put in some bruised mustard-seed, strain, and drink it at discretion.--Thisis said to have been sold for half a crown a quart, a long time, by a professor ofphysic in Hertfordshire.--Another advises to rub the afflicted part with Hungarywater.--Another declares, that the rheumatism may be cured by boiling the roots ofblackthorn in water, and drank sweeten'd. A farmer by me, though young, was almosta cripple with the rheumatism, but cured several times by boiling a handful of elder-buds,a handful of rosemary, and a handful of rue all together in verjuice, and bathingthe afflicted part as hot as possible.--Some bind the greens on after bathing.
What a Person said in Praise of a Remedy for theRheumatism.--The late Mr. Dodgson, minister of Edlesborough inBucks, told me, that he was informed nothing exceeds spirit of hartshorn forcuring the rheumatism, if a tea spoonful of it is taken once or twice a day in white-wineand water, for that it thins the blood and causes a free circulation. Hence it isthought that cold and sour juices occasion this distemper. My day-labourer beingalmost dead with the rheumatism and a great cold in his stomach, his wife gave hima tea spoonful of this spirit in water twice, which sweated and cured him.
Nettle-Tea good for the Rheumatism.--A personsaid, that nettle-tea, drank half a pint in a morning fasting, if continued longenough will cure any rheumatism.
Infusion of Rue cures a Rheumatism.--Steep asmall handful of rue in a quart of rum or gin, and take half a quartern at night,and the same next morning, for a month.
Boar Stones extraordinary good for the Rheumatism.--Apoor man told me, he had try d several things for his rheumatism, but nothing didhim so much good as the powder of boar stones dry'd in a slow oven, taking as muchof the powder in warm ale, every night and morning, as would lie on a six-pence;he said, it moved the cause at once, and gave him present ease.
A young Man, seized with the Rheumatism, was relievedby taking Mustard-seed in Treacle.--He was so bad in our neighbourhood, thathe wore hat shoes, and said he took a whole bottle of Bateman's drops, butit did not cure him, so that he was a cripple. In May, 1745, a beggar womanbid him mix some mustard-seed, and take it with treacle on the point of a knife,night and morning, which did him the most service of any thing, and when he leftit off he grew worse.
Rheumatism relieved by an outward Application.--Ayoung man, after being in a London hospital, and discharged uncured of therheumatism, made use (as an outward application) of old verjuice, in which was dissolvedsome allum; this being heated, and froted well in his joints, proved (it was thought)his chief cure, with the help of an internal medicine.
Rheumatism cured by Dwarf-Elder and Buckbean Tea.--Awoman, almost ruin'd by the charge of doctors, for she was so bad of the rheumatism,that she could not help herself, was told by a beggar to make a tea of Dane-weedand buckbean, and it cured her. Buckbean grows by the river-side, and has a top likea bean; in May gather and dry it in the shade in a room, but never in theopen air or sun, for these extract their virtue. Some have found buckbean tea alonethe best of medicines for the rheumatism. A young woman that had been in an hospitalwas relieved by this tea.
White-Elder Wine for the Rheumatism.--The latephysician of Hempstead, Mr. Wigg, advised a woman of worth to drinkwhite-elder instead of red-elder wine, saying the white sort is much better for arheumatism than the red.
A young Man cured by the cold Bath of a dangerousRheumatism.--He was troubled with it a year together, and was forced to be oftencarried to bed. He found some benefit by drinking milk hot from the cow, with a littlebalm in it every morning, and at last was intirely cured by going into a cold bath,for he had the rheumatism sometimes all over him; sometimes it shifted into and swelledhis fingers, and once he had it in the hinder part of his head, when he thought itwould have made him mad.
Rheumatism cured by Gum Guaiacum.--This is ahot gum, the powder of which infused in rum, and the same dose taken of it as aforesaidfor the gout, is perhaps the best of remedies for the rheumatism. Clothe well, andeat and drink well.
St. Anthony's Fire.
IT generally proceeds from excessive heat in the blood occasionedafter surfeits, or by too free a use of spiritous or other strong liquors, and commonlycauses great pain in the part it comes out in. In this case use bleeding and purging.
A Widow Woman's Remedy for St. Anthony's Fire.--Thiswoman, living at Little Gaddesden, finds the greatest relief to herinflamed face, that sometimes has a scarlet red-hot place in her cheek, even almostall over it, by beating in the first place white lead in a rag, and after it is thusbeaten, she grinds it small between the bottoms of two pewter plates, then mixesit with sweet oil, and lays a plaister of it over the part: And for an internal remedy,she makes a tea of sena leaves, which proves a cool purge, and thus overcomes theSt. Anthony's fire.
A second Remedy for St. Anthony's Fire.--Anotherwoman used to drink without sugar a tea made with elderberries and dandelion, andsometimes infused these in a small malt-wort for her common drink.
Adders-tongue Ointment good for St. Anthony's Fire.--Inthe month of May gather adders-tongue, that grows in its top-part like anadder's tongue in meadows; bruise the herb, and squeeze out as much juice as willanswer one pound of unsalted butter; boil both a quarter of an hour, and let standin a pan to cool; when cold, take away the liquid part, and reserve only the fatpart for an ointment for the St. Anthony's fire, or any inflammation in man or beast.--Seethe receit at large in my Shepherd's sure Guide (at page 111.) sold at theRose, in Pater-noster-row, London.
If you can't get adders-tongue, make use of the greenleaves of elder in the room of it, and if you add a dram of fine powder'd camphirein its making, it will improve the poultice.--Some say cow dung applied is good toease the pain of St. Anthony's fire.--I knew a woman my neighbour take two or threespoonfuls of the juice of elder leaves, for the St. Anthony's fire in her face; itis somewhat nauseous in taste, and purging.
Of the Imperfectness of a Receit.--The imperfectnessof a receit has occasioned many mistakes in the composition; to go no farther thanthat I have just mentioned of making adders-tongue ointment, I have to say, thatby only boiling the juice of the herb with butter, and when cold, to put it all togetherinto the pot it is to be kept all the year in, is wrong; because then the juice willseparate from the butter, and in this condition breed a rank mouldiness: Therefore,when the herb juice is boiled up with the butter, our housewife puts all into a broadpan, and when cold, the watry part she leaves behind, and just melts down the fatpart in the earthen glazed pot it is to be kept all the year in, and then it willkeep sound a year or two.
Of the Itch, Leprosy, and Scald-Head.
HOW to prevent catching the Itch by making a Bed.-- nnkeepers,farmers, and travellers are more exposed to this cruel malady than all others: Ata certain great market-town in Bedfordshire, where many of the northern passengersused to lie, the maid-servants, whenever they suspected any had lain in a bed thathad the itch, would always in the first place lay the sheets open upon the spread,for an hour, to air and cool, before they made the bed for good; by this means theyfeared no infection, for it is the warm linen, not the woollen that does it.
How a Horsekeeper and a Servant-maid gave the Itchto several Families in Hertfordshire.--It is an ill custom in this county tohire servants without character, a thing chiefly owing to their being hired at statutesat all hazards; so that if he or she gets a new service two or three miles distancefrom the last, they are commonly safe from having their faults known. A horsekeeper,between a man and a boy, by this means gave four several farmers families the itchin a little time. At Gaddesden he lived about a month before he was foundout, then discharged and went to another, and so on, till he thus mightily spreadthis horrid disease in Hertfordshire, because they neither inquired his character,nor search'd his body; if they had done the last, they had found his legs grievouslyscabbed, for he kept the itch out of his hands by now and then anointing them. Theservant-maid was one that thus brought the itch into my family, for she was in asbad a pickle as the boy, having her arms and hands clear, but her legs sadly scabbed.
A Person like to have been killed by a MercurialOintment for the Itch, &c.--A man, living near me, used to make an ointmentof quicksilver and hogslard, by beating and mixing them with spittle three hourstogether. Many pots of this were sold at markets for curing the itch, scald-head,and kibe-heels; but one person, applying the ointment plaister-wise, had like tohave been killed, had he not been timely anointed with sweet oil.--A young womanservant, having been supplied with a pot of mercurial bluish-colour'd ointment froma famous country surgeon and apothecary, applied it till she was raw about her waste;at last the surgeon ordered her to put some (I suppose medicinal) paper over all,which relieved, but did not cure, till she got a remedy from a person that did notprofess surgery.
The Itch cured by Advice of an Exciseman, who alsoacted as a Surgeon at Ivinghoe.--He bid a poor woman of the same parish mix commonsoap and flower of brimstone together, and after taking flower of brimstone in sometreacle three mornings before-hand, to anoint only twice with the ointment (thatis to say, after the first time, a week after) wearing the same linen all the time,and it cured.
A strong Ointment for the Itch.--Another person,to make the same remedy stronger and surer, added black pepper and hogslard to thesoap and sulphur, and boiled all into an ointment, with which, after taking brimstonein some treacle three mornings, he anointed himself by a fire-side three nights together,and was cured.
A very strong Ointment for the Itch.--Beat stonebrimstone, then mix it with soap, hogslard, tobacco, and pepper, boil and strainall through a cloth, after taking sulphur inwardly; anoint with this three nights.
How a Smith in Hertfordshire cured his Familyof the Itch, without Mercury or Sulphur.--This man's family was dreadfully infectedwith the itch, brought to him by a journeyman, but cured by first taking flower ofbrimstone inwardly three times, and then anointing twice with a liquor made thus:He boiled two ounces of tobacco in three pints of strong beer, till a third partwas consumed, with a piece of allum in the same; and others have since been curedby the same remedy, wearing the same linen for a week.--This remedy I am sure isa very good one, and as it has no mixture of mercury is not dangerous, nor offensive,as it is free of the smell of brimstone.
Itch cured by white Hellebore-root.--A beggarwoman told a family that had the itch near me, that it had cost another family tenpounds to be cured of the itch, and it was not done, till she told them to buy twoounces of white hellebore-root powder at the apothecary's, and boil it in a quartof milk mixt with water to a pint, with some hogslard. This ointment, after takingsulphur in treacle three times, was made use of a few nights, and cured them all,for it is a very strong powder, and will make the body smart, as if stung with nettles.
Itch said to be cured in a certain Workhouse.--Theyboil an ounce of camphire, an ounce of long pepper, and a little hogslard in water,and anoint.
A most potent Remedy for curing the Itch. Taketobacco stalks, allum, hogslard, and powder'd salt-petre, the three first must beput into a full quart of strong beer, and when it is warm, the salt-petre must beput into it by degrees, for if it is put in cold, it will lump; the whole must beboiled well into an ointment.--If sulphur in treacle is first taken, I think no itchcan resist the remedy; but for a more cleanly one, the following is made use of bysome.
Author's Plowman cured by Dr. Dover's MercurialWater.--My plowman, wanting a plowboy to drive my plow team, took one that hadthe itch in his legs, which being unperceived, he let the boy lie with him, who gavehim the itch heartily, and the fellow desiring to be cured by a cleanly medicine,I made use of Dr. Dover's, thus--Take one dram of white sublimate mercuryin powder, and mix it with half an ounce of cream of tartar; these infuse in a quartof spring water, then take sulphur in treacle on the point of a knife three times,and wash the body before the fire with this water three nights together, change yourlinen, and the Doctor says it is a sure cure, and a safe one.--If you don't washbefore a fire, the cure will be the longer, for then the wash must be continued longer.--Itis said, that many persons about London get a tolerable livelihood by thiswater.--But although I have here published a mercurial water, yet I am entirely againstall other mercurial medicines, both in ointments and in a quicksilver girdle, becauseof the many damages that have happened by their uses.
A Leprosy cured by the Herb Fumitory.--Fumitorygrows with a red flower in May and June amongst wheat, and about Michaelmasin our turnep felds. A yeoman's wife, living at Ringsell, a village lyingabout a mile distant from Gaddesden, having a leprosy, made use of a capitalsurgeon and apothecary's diet-drink for three months together, but in vain; tillshe was advised to infuse the herb fumitory in whey, and by drinking the same forsome weeks she was cured of her leprosy.
A sure Cure for the Itch without Sulphur or Mercury,by which a poor Man cured his own Family and others.--Take a root of elecampane;in some grounds, as in an orchard, I have known it grow almost as big as a parsnip;cut three slices of this root short ways, and make a tea of it, which drink threemornings and nights, then take the rest of the root, and boil it in water till itis soft like a turnep; boil the thinnest part of this again with hogslard and soap,anoint the body every night for three nights together, and it is a sure cure. Myday-labourer says he has cured several others with the same.
A Scald-Head cured by a Beggar Woman.--Thishappened to my wheelwright's son, who having a scald-head, at about twelve yearsof age, his parents applied for a cure to the late physician Mr. Wigg of Hempstead,who told them, there was no cure but by a pitch plaister. Quickly after this, a beggarwoman hearing of it, bid them roast a shoulder of mutton, and let it drip on tar,and when mixed, to rub it all over the head well. This they did twice, and it proveda cure, not only to the son, but to another in Albury parish near Gaddesden;but it is said, if the shoulder of mutton was basted with tar, it would be rathermore efficacious.
The Traveller's Remedy for curing the Itch.--Asmost of the begging travellers have now and then the itch, they that know the followingmedicine say nothing exceeds it.--After taking as much flower of brimstone as willlie on half a crown, in a spoonful of treacle, three mornings fasting, they boilsalt and tobacco in urine, and rub their bodies over with the same three times inall, and wear the same shirt a week, two, or more.
To cure Wounds, Swellings, and Burns, and how to make Ointmentsand Salves.
A Quick Cure for a green Wound.--First with a feather applytincture of myrrh, for this is one chief means to prevent a gangreen.--Or do it withbrandy or spirit of wine.--Or wash the wound first with warm milk; then beat theyolk of an egg into two ounces of Venice turpentine, and apply a lint dipt in it,or otherwise. If dangerous, dress twice a day: It is a strong digestive, and so efficacious,that if a bone is crackt, it will heal it, being a remedy much in use with surgeonsat this time, tho' the receit of it has been in print near a hundred years ago.
To heal a green Wound with Copper Oar.--Washthe wound as aforesaid, then infuse some copper oar as it comes out of the mine ina quart of spring water. It cures all green wounds, and skins beyond all other things;as a gentleman at Glassenbury in Somersetshire assured me, who wasconcerned in a copper mine in Devonshire.
To cure a Wound with Leaves.--Apply the roughpart of the leaf bearbind to a green wound or running sore. It has cured when a surgeon'sskill failed.
A Swelling in a Man's Leg attended with great Paincured.--My neighbour had a swelling in his leg attended with great pain, if hewalked but a little way; a stranger, being in his company, bid him mix the marrowof a bacon-bone with spirits of wine, and rub it well in. This he did two or threetimes, and was quickly cured.
A ready cheap Way to cure a green Wound.--Mixwater and salt with soap, beat up all into a lather, soak the cut in it, and applythe settlement to the part, which renew at discretion.
A Doctress's cure for a green Wound.--She alwaysfor the first dressing uses tincture of myrrh, because she says it prevents sorenessand festering; as soon as she has besmeared the wound with this, she applies a plaisterof black basilicon; at the second dressing, she washes with spirit of wine, and renewsher basilicon plaister. Dr. Quincey says (at page 303 of his Dispensatory)that this tincture of myrrh is in great esteem amongst surgeons for cleansing ulcers,and for exfoliating carious bones.
A good Housewife's Salve for curing Wounds.--Takemutton suet, bees-wax, frankincense, resin, and Venice turpentine, each four ounces;some linseed and train oils. Melt all these over a fire, and stir in powder'd camphireand Roman vitriol, a dram of each; when cold, roll it up in oiled paper for use.--Ifa wound is deep, first wash it as aforesaid, then melt some of the salve, and dipa tent in it; if shallow, spread a little of it on lint, and apply it with a plaisterof the same salve over it; or if the wound is slight, a plaister alone may do.
A ready, cheap, good Balsam for curing green Wounds.--Mixover a gentle fire Venice turpentine with oil of the herb St. John's-wort, of eacha like quantity; when they are well incorporated, put them into a glazed gallipotfor use.--This herb has many excellent qualities in it for curing wounds or bruises,it dissolves swellings, and strengthens feeble members, &c. &c.And such a liquid is sometimes more proper than salve, where veins, nerves, or tendonsare cut, and which also for the same purpose makes a mixture to be preferred to allother applications, that is composed of a little spirit of wine, a little camphire,and more oil of turpentine, laid on the wound warm; and afterwards a plaister mustbe laid on the same.--But the following balsam is said to exceed all others whatsoever,and which has never failed my expectation in curing many wounds in my family.
The most excellent of all Balsams, Salves, or Ointments,for curing Wounds, Bruises, Strains, Burns, Bleeding, &c. &c.--It isa balsamick tincture, that not only cures all bruises, strains, burns, scalds, andcommon green wounds, but also (which with difficulty will be believed) stops themost obstinate bleeding at the nose, and any arteries wounded or cut quite in two,although the largest branches of the body, without any ligature. If the brain iswounded quite thro', either length-ways or breadthways, or the eye pierced in thevery pupil or sight; and if the chief tendons are wounded, or cut quite asunder,the wound will not inflame, be sore, or run matter, or require digesting, deterging,incarning, or cicatrizing, as the common method is, which takes much time to do;but this medicine so agglutinates the parts, and defends them from corruption, thatsometimes in one or else in a few days, according as the case is, it effects a cure.It is a balsam that may be taken inwardly, being as harmless as the food we eat;it gives almost immediate ease in fts of the gout, being applied with soft rags tothe inflamed part, and in the stone does the same as Mrs. Stephens's medicines,but in a more compendious manner, as has been fully proved to be true before manyapothecaries, surgeons, and physicians, in and about London.
This balsam is made by my friend, a most ingeniouschymist, from whom I have it in bottles sealed up, price one shilling each; a remedyof such importance, that no family ought to be without it, because it may not onlysave great expences, but even life itself; for as we are all liable to accidents,a person may receive a mortal damage, or bleed to death, before a surgeon can behad. I therefore have just reason to observe, that a farmer especially ought neverto be without this balsam, because in the use of scythes, chaff-engine knives, reapingand other cutting hooks and sickles, hedge-bills, and axes, &c. &c.men are more than ordinarily liable to cut and bruise themselves, and also to behurt by the kicks of horses, falls from carts, waggons, cocks and mows of corn andhay, trees, &c. &c. Which most excellent liquid balsam I furnishany person with, in bottles sealed up, at one shilling each, with printed directionsfor its uses.
A Poultice to disperse a Swelling.--Stamp theinner rind of elder and boil it in chamberlye, of which make a poultice and applyit. This is not to break but disperse and reduce a swelling.
A Brine Ointment to reduce Swellings.--In beefbrine, boil the green bark of elder, some nettles, wormwood, and rue; strain, andboil up the liquid part with lard.
To make a cooling Elder Ointment.--Put the flowersof elder into a pitcher, and stop the mouth of it; then set it in a pot or kettleof water, and boil it two or three hours, and as the flowers sink, add more. Someput in mashmallows of the garden, not wild mallows; then separate the juice, andboil it up with hogslard or unsalted butter for use. It is a great cooler, asswagerof pain, and disperser of humours.
A Turnep Poultice to reduce a Swelling.--Roasta turnep in the embers, and when enough, take out the pulp and leave the shell; withthis pulp mix hogslard, and apply it while hot to a swelling; it will either breakor disperse, if repeated.
A Woman's sore Breast cured by herself.--Therebeing a fery red inflammation settled in it, she first anointed with elderflowerointment, and then applied roasted cabbage leaves (the first asswaged the pain, andthe last drew out the feverish inflamed quality) and by due applications was cured.
A Country Housewife cured her Neighbour of a soreBreast.--She reduced a swell'd breast, by anointing it with tobacco ointment;and no wonder, since it is generally allow'd to be a great discusser of scrophuloustumours. A woman had three holes in her breast, for which she boiled the inner rindof elder stampt, white bread, and hogslard, in milk; this is healing, cooling, anda little drawing.--Adders-tongue is also good for this.
To keep back a Humour from falling into a Wound.--Boila piece of allum about the bigness of a walnut in somewhat more than half a pintof milk, separate the curd from the whey, and dip a linen rag in this drained whey,and bind it above the wound, but let none of it touch the wound. It will keep a humourback.
To prevent and cure proud Flesh.--Powder ofprecipitate is a good mercurial powder for this purpose; but if not understood, itis next to the putting a sword in a mad man's hand. Therefore rather make use ofa wound water, by boiling a pound of powder'd allum, in three pints of spring water,till it comes to a quart, then put in one ounce of Roman vitriol--Or with powderof burnt allum--Or with powder'd double refined sugar.
Burns and Scalds cured by a Country Housewife.--Thiswoman's way is--Break the blisters, because they contain a hot fery water in them,and clip the skin off if you can; then burn fresh butter in a broad stew-pan, andpour it into a large bason of water, and work it well therein, for from a blackishbrown it will become whitish. Spread it on rags, and lay them on the wound; it isan excellent way of curing a burn or scald, by fetching out the fire and healingthe wound.
Burns and scalds cured by another Country Housewife.--Aftershe has clipt away the blistery skin, she washes the wound with a mixture of vinegarand water; then she stamps some onions and salt together, which she applies as apoultice for a night and a day, then lays over it a plaister of burnt salve, afterthe onions and salt have drawn out the fire. And if proud flesh arise, she puts powderof burnt allum.
To cure Burns or Scalds by a third Country Housewife.--Thiswoman mixes linseed oil with bruised onions, and (by shifting it now and then) saysit is the best of things to draw out the fire.--Or to fetch fire out, you may beatup powder'd allum with whites of eggs, and apply it.
An excellent Ointment for curing Burns, Scalds,&c.--Take elder leaves, St. John's-wort, garden mallows, ivy leaves, andadders-tongue, of each two handfuls. These are in their perfection in the month ofMay. The wort and tongue grows in meadows. If you can't get all, make useof some, and take housleek in the room. Stamp and squeeze out their juice, and boilit up with a pound or more of butter fresh out of the churn, that has no salt init, for a quarter of an hour; then pour all into a glazed broad earthen pan; whencold, take off only the hard buttery part, and leave the liquid part behind, to bethrown away. Next, you are to put this butter part into a glazed earthen pot, andset it just within the heat of the fire, enough only to melt it into a close body;then keep it well cover'd for use.--This ointment is a most excellent sort for dispersinghumours, and allaying swellings in man or beast, healing green wounds, St. Anthony'sfire, burns, scalds, hot tumours, spreading sores, impostumes, and ruptures.
An excellent Salve for Burns or Scalds.--Youmay make the above ointment into an excellent salve for dressing burns and scalds,wounds made by the bite of venomous beasts, green wounds, dispersing of humours,and allaying of swellings, &c.--Take what quantity you please of the aboveointment, supposing it to be about half a pound, to which put a large spoonful ofVenice turpentine, one ounce of bees-wax, and as much white powder'd lead as willlie on half a crown. Just boil these up, and keep it as a salve in particular fordressing a wound made by burning or scalding, &c. to be spread on a rag,and applied now and then till it is cured.--The herb adders-tongue I have growingin my meadows, and make an ointment of it every year for reducing the swell'd bagsof my cows, and for diseases in the human body as aforesaid.
To break a Swelling by a Country Housewife.--Shewraps sorrel in a wet paper, and covers it with embers; and thus it will be reducedto a pappy consistence; she says, nothing breaks a swelling sooner nor better. Butanother country housewife does it rather better, by laying the sorrel between twotiles, which she covers with embers.
A swelled Leg cured.--A young woman, about nineteenyears of age, in her lying-in month, in September 1748, had her left leg swell'dto a great degree, insomuch that she could not walk cross a room without help. Somepersons in the neighbourhood bid her boil some rosemary, rue, and elder-leaves inold verjuice, and bathe her leg with the strained liquor, as hot as she could endureit. This see did several times, and it cured her.
To stop Bleeding inwardly and outwardly.
A Woman cured of spitting of Blood.--This was a poor widowand a chair-woman living near me, who applying herself to a physician, he out ofcharity bid her stamp the leaves of plantane and nettles together, and take a tea-cupof their juice three mornings; which she did, and was cured. The same juice, he said,will stop bleeding at the nose if snupt up, and also that of cuts. In the month ofMay, the juice may be boiled up with sugar for a reserve.--Or bruise commonnettles, and thrust it into the bleeding nostril.
How a Girl's Arm was stopt bleeding by a Surgeon'sAdvice.--A girl in Gaddesden parish, having had a nail run into her arm,neither her parents nor neighbours could stop its bleeding. Upon which, the girlcried mightily as she stood at the door of her mother's house, when a Hempsteadsurgeon, coming accidentally by, said, What ails you my girl? She told him. Take,says he, some hogs-dung and lay to it; and it was done accordingly, to the entirestopping of it: For this dung is said to abound with a very pungent and nitrous salt.
A Labourer's Finger stopt bleeding by Tobacco.--Oneof our day-labourers, that was plashing a hedge, happened to cut his finger witha bill, and was at a loss how to stop its bleeding, till another labourer, workingwith him, took a chew of tobacco out of his mouth, and by applying thereof stoptthe bleeding at once.
Bleeding at the Nose stopt by a Woman.--A manbled so at the nose by a small blow given him, that none of the surgeons could stopit: A woman coming by, she desired leave for an application, which was, it is thought,oil of vitriol (somewhat weakened) rubbed on the forehead of the man; which, by nomore than once using, made his skin peel, but stopt the bleeding.
Bleeding at the Nose stopt by Frogs.--A youngman, the son of a yeoman living near Gaddesden, bled so violently at the nose,that all applications proved in vain, till frogs were made use of; and then, by theirbeing bound to his neck, their cold nature intirely stopt it.
Bleeding stopt by Vinegar.--It is a good oldremedy to stop bleeding by washing, or better by soaking the testicles in the sharpestvinegar.--Or if a cloth is dipt in it, and applied to the nape of the neck--Or againstthe heart, but then it must be new dipt, as soon as it is warm.--Or if allum andsalt-petre are dissolved in vinegar, and applied by a rag dipt in it to the breast,or by a tent to the bleeding nostril, and renewed now and then.--Clay mixt up withvinegar, and applied to the testicles, stops bleeding.
Of making an Issue, and of several Cases relating to the same.
The Case of a Woman that lost her Life, partly by having anIssue made with Spanish Flies.--This woman, about forty years of age,having a humour fell into her thigh or leg, employed a sort of country doctress tomake her an issue for curing the same; but it happened quite otherwise: For by herapplication to make the issue with Spanish flies, the part became inflamed, and thehumours much increased; so that a surgeon was sent for, who lanced the part, andapplied remedies; but in vain, for a mortification ensued. To cure which, it is saidhe used little else than camphorated spirit of wine, and oil of turpentine; at last,after several times cutting away the flesh, till her thigh bone was near bare, hedress'd the wounds with lye as hot as possible, but she died in 1740, and her husbandwas arrested for and paid ten pounds to the surgeon.
How an Issue presently after cutting became inflamed,but cured by Vine-Leaves.--A man having had an issue cut at London, afterhe had been at home in Hertfordshire a day, the part became much inflamedand very sore. The issue was made by the surgeon's forcing the point of a lancetinto the inside of his leg a little below the knee, and then he put in a pea, witha plaister of basilicon over it; notwithstanding which, it was thought the inflammationwould have brought on a mortification, had not a farmer's wife advised to lay onthe issue a parcel of vine-leaves thick, one upon another, which cooled the part,brought on a fine digestion, and made a cure. The same person, some time after desiringto be rid of his issue, dried it up, but was quickly obliged to have another cut,because for want of it he could not walk. The second cutting was much better performedthan the first, for in making this, the country surgeon gathered up a little skin,and cut it quite off, so that there was a round pea-hole at once, that succeededmuch better than making an incision with a lancet.--In case vine-leaves can't behad, cabbage-leaves may supply them; for this, as well as the other, is a coolerand drawer.
Of Plaisters and Peas, &c. for Issues.--Theseare fine sticking plaisters sold for promoting the discharge of issues in the neck,leg, arm, and back; but the good old common issue plaister is made of oil-cloth.--Thereare also sold several sorts of medicated peas, some greenish, and some blackish,for making an issue run the better. Many of our country people prefer carrot cutinto pea shape, but I have the following direction on this account given me by asurgeon--After you have taken off (says he) any fungous or proud flesh, if any therebe, with the mercurial ointment I prescribed you, get a large piece of Florentinearrach-root, soak it in water till it is a little soft, then cut it out in smallbits, which lay in the sun upon paper to dry; then cut them roundish with a penknife,and constantly use these instead of the common peas, a fresh one every day, and yourgreen oil-cloth over it, and you'll find the issue will discharge better.--But nomercurial ointment for me, the blue vitriol stone rub'd over any proud issue fleshwill take it off safely.
To make an Issue or a Seaton run.--Mix thickVenice turpentine with the yolk of an egg, and anoint the silk rowel for a seaton.--Foran issue, one of my labourers gets two or three roots at a time (by way of store)from a moorish ground of the broad flags, and dries them, about the bigness of aman's thumb; when the issue in his leg will not run, he cuts a bit like a pea, andin a day, or a day and a night's time, it will cause it to run, when he takes itout and puts in a pea; the root will tingle the flesh, and is apt to inflame it.
Sprains and Bruises.
TO cure a sprained Wrist in Harvest.--It is common for mento sprain their wrists the first or second day, by reaping, in harvest, before theyare much used to it; some dip a red cloth in verjuice, and wrap it going to bed aboutthe wrist.
A second Receit for the same.--A man was curedin one night's time, by wetting a rag with tincture of amber, and binding it on thewrist.
A third.--Dip a flannel in some warm brine.--Orin want thereof in urine mixt with salt.--Or urine alone.
A fourth.--Apply camphorated spirit of wineon a rag.
A fifth, or for a Bruise.--Boil soap and vinegarin strong beer grounds, dip a cloth and apply it.--Or boil bran in vinegar, and applyas a poultice.
A sixth.--Stamp a burdock-leaf, and bind iton the wrist; by morning it has cured.--Or mix the white of an egg with oil of turpentineand vinegar, and apply on a rag.
Inward Bruise.--The common remedy is to bleedand take two drams of powder'd Irish slate in half a pint of spruce beer,now and then repeating the same.
A Woman bruised and cured.--Having by a fallbeen much hurted, she bruised parsley, and beat it up with fresh butter; so mixt,she applied it, and it fetch'd the bruised quality out of the flesh; then she appliedadders-tongue ointment, which reduced and cured the swelling.
Sprain.--Beat Venice-turpentine and brandy together,and rub it in three times in three days before a hot fire-shovel.--Or, if red clothsoaked in brine and applied will not do, clap after it a plaister of Paracelsus.
Bruise.--A surgeon directed a man at Aylesbury,if he was bruised, to drink cold water immediately, for it will cause the blood tocirculate and prevent stagnation.
A Man almost bruised to Death cured.--My collarmakerwas thought dead, by a fall from a horse, but by bleeding him, and giving him halfa pint of salt water he was cured. The same at sea; they give salt water for a bruise,because it makes the blood circulate presently, and therein lies the cure. He says,he takes the same two or three times a year in his best health.--Some say, to scaldurine, and put it on bran, if applied presently, as hot as possible will hinder aswelling and cure the bruise. Renew if there be occasion.
Consumption and Inflammation of the Lungs.
A Person, given over by two Physicians, cured of a Consumption.--Mr.Hume, who was then servant to the Earl of ----, assured me, he was cured ofa consumption (being far gone, and given over by Sir Hans Sloane and Dr. Stewart,and directed by them to be sent home to his native air, as the best thing they couldadvise) by paring some fresh-gathered turnips, cutting them in thin slices, and strewingsome powder of brown sugar-candy over each layer in a cullender, and letting themstand a few hours to drain into a dish; of which liquor he drank three or four cupsin a day, and without taking any thing else by way of medicine was cured in threeweeks, to the great surprise of the doctors and his friends.
A Woman cured of a Consumption.--One of my neighboursinforms me, that her near kinswoman being given over by the doctors in a consumption,was cured by making use of conserve of red-roses and a mixture of mithridate, takinga little at a time of it.
A Remedy for a Consumption.--Take half a poundof raisins of the sun stoned, a quarter of a pound of figs, a quarter of a poundof honey, half an ounce of Lucatellus balsam, half an ounce of powder of steel,half an ounce of flower of elecampane, a grated nutmeg, one pound of double refinedsugar pounded; shred and pound all together in stone mortar, pouring into it, bydegrees, a pint of sallad oil, of which eat the bigness of a nutmeg four times aday; every morning drink a glass of old Malaga sack, with the yolk of a new-laidegg in it, and as much flower of brimstone as will lie upon a sixpence, and nextmorning as much flower of elecampane.
A second Remedy.--Take two gallons of smallbeer, 2 handfuls of oak-leaves, and 2 handfuls of fern-roots (let the oak-leavesbe gathered two or three days before you use them) wash the fern-roots, and splitthem; then put them into the small beer, and boil them all together, till about twoquarts are wasted out of the two gallons. Then have half a pound of brown sugar-candyready, and strain it off upon the candy boiling hot. When cold, put it into bottles.Drink a pint first in a morning, and another going to bed last at night.
A Gentlewoman prodigiously relieved in a deep Consumption,if not cured.--This was a maiden gentlewoman, sister to -- W----t, ofDerbyshire, Esq; who was in a deep consumption, and so weak that she couldhardly lift her hand to her head, for which there were eight sheeps-trotters boiledfive hours in spring water, then strained off and kept as a jelly; when used, sheput a spoonful or more of it in warm or hot milk, and supt it. She took this halfa year together, being of a most strengthening nature, far beyond the jelly of hartshornor calves-feet, and will restore, it is said, when nothing else will. The same aftera fever has weaken'd a person. It is a great healer of the lungs and stomach, damagedby any means, but must be continued some time, for it will not have effect presently.
Inflammation of the Lungs cured.--This stubbornand too often fatal malady, that generally is acquired by hard drinking, I am informed,by a very creditable person, was cured in a gentleman by the following medicine:A spoonful of beech-oil was mixt with a spoonful of the juice of ground-ivy, andtaken going to bed. This repeated several times had the desired effect.
A young Man cured of a Consumption in a very particularManner.--It is reported, that a young man was absolutely cured of a consumption,by baking turnips with a piece of rusty bacon, which produced a very disagreeableliquor, but cured the person.
A Drink for a Consumption.--Boil two handfulsof small bran, in two quarts of spring water, till a pint is consumed. Sweeten itwith honey, and it will drink like mead.
A Young Man cured of an Ague.--This person lives now atGaddesden, of wealthy parents, who having an ague (by advice) put pepper intohis beer every time he drank, and was cured; being told that it was the best of remediesfor this disease.
A young Woman cured of an Ague.--This was doneby Dr. Dover's receit, in his book intitled The Physician's Last Legacy,page 93, where he has these words:--"Take two ounces of fine bark grosly powder'd;infuse it cold in a quart of red-port for twenty-four hours, then fltre it off asyou use it, taking six spoonfuls every third or fourth hour, beginning just as thefit is off, till you have taken the whole quart. Thus repeat it four times, and itwill not return. This must be observed, that if it purges, it will do no service.In this case put two or three drops of liquid laudanum into each dose, till the purgingis stopt."--A daughter of mine, having a second-day ague, was partly cured bythis receit; for I put one ounce of gross bark into a pint of claret, and she wascured before the pint was out, though she purged the day before the ague left her,but I quickly stopt it by bruising cinnamon in milk.--I remember, when I was about20 years of age, that I was cured of an ague I had had nine months (for ten shillings)by a person who said, I should not have my ague any more. And he made his word good(not only to me, but, as it was said, to all he undertook) by giving them three sortsof colour'd powders at once in a half-pint glass of small-beer, twice the day I wasto have the ague, and once a day for a fortnight after. This medicine neither purged,nor vomitted, nor made sick (I only suck'd a bit of orange after taking it) whichmakes me believe it was only bark disguised.
A Woman cured of an Ague by a Country Apothecary'sAdvice.--The apothecary (Mr. Goodwyn) then lived at Barkhamstead,and advised a near neighbour of mine to beat two yolks of eggs, their whites andall, into half a pint of brandy, just as the fit was coming on, and take it goingto bed; which she did and was cured.--Never drink small-beer in an ague, it is aptto bring on a dropsy, and cause knots in several parts of the body that cannot becured.
A Schoolmaster in Ivinghoe cured of an Ague--byboiling honey in a quart of old strong-beer and drinking a little at a time as hotas could be endured, just as the cold fit was coming on.--Another person was curedby burning a quart of claret with honey in it, and drinking it hot, some at a time,leisurely.--Another was cured by drinking a quarter of a pint of the juice of ruejust before the cold fit came on.
My Collar-maker's Boy cured of an Ague.--Heput his son into a tub of cold water while the fit was on him.
Ague cured by Dr. Quincy.--He says, in his Dispensatory,page 99, "That he had it from a worthy person, that he had cured a great manypoor people in the country of agues, with a large nutmeg, and its equal weight ofallum, powdered and divided into three doses, giving one every morning fasting."--Othershave given bay-leaves dry'd, and the powder mixt in a quart of the strongest oldbeer, of which take three spoonfuls every two hours, a little before the fit comeson.--Another takes a spoonful of flower of brimstone in honey or treacle.--A mostexcellent remedy, after brimstone is taken, is to boil half a pound of sugar, a pieceof allum as big as a marble, and a quarter of a pint of the juice of rue in a pintof white-wine vinegar, and give a quarter of a pint just before the fit comes on.I learnt this of a traveller, on the 19th of May, 1749.
A very excellent Receit for an Ague.--Take ahandful of wormwood and a handful of rue; steep them all night in a quart or twoof strong beer, and drink some of the strained liquor a little before the fit comeson. This, tho' somewhat nauseous, commonly cures at once, if not, the dose must berenewed; and it has this property beyond the bark, that it generally prevents thereturn of the ague; because it not only warms, but sweetens and thins the blood.--Anold woman cures the ague by giving gun-powder in half a pint of ale.--A surgeon curesit by boiling an ounce of bark in three pints of water to a quart, to which add halfa pint of claret, strain off with a little loaf sugar. After a vomit, take a quarterof a pint three times a day.
Stone and Wind Cholick.
A Woman troubled with the Stone-Cholick lived to a great Age,by an excellent Remedy.--She usually scraped as much Castile-soap as would lieon a shilling, and drank it in half a pint of warm ale. This was the only medicineshe made use of, and it did her exceeding great service, so that she lived to aboveeighty years of age.
Stone and Gravel.--I knew a certain woman whotook the juice of leeks and honey mixt up like a conserve, which did her great service.
How a young Woman was cured of the Stone-Cholick.--Iam credibly informed she was cured by taking balsam of capivi; but in what mannershe took it, I cannot say.
Wind-Cholick relieved and cured.--A creditableperson near me, very subject to the cholick, put a handful of rue and as much camomileinto a quart bottle that had a large nose, and on them he pour'd a quart of ale.Next morning, he drank a quarter of a pint of the liquor, and continued it threemornings; then rested some time, and took it again. This, he says, secures againstthe cholick; but if you have it, drink half a pint, and it is an immediate cure,though of a hot nature and nauseous.--Another person boiled nettle-seeds and sprigsof box in water, which, when sweeten'd, he would drink for the wind-cholick.--Othersboiled daucus or wild carrot-seed with bay-leaves in water, which they sweeten'dand drank for the wind-cholick, and therefore kept them dry'd by them all the year.--Colonel---- found the greatest benefit in taking some syrup of poppies in double anniseed-water,which would sometimes make him sleep; at another time he would take a dram of brandy,in which snake-root was infused.--Another drinks a tea for the cholick, made withwild thyme growing on the top of mole or ant hills.--A gentleman, going over to Calaisin a ship wherein was Dr. Garth, was taken with a violent cholick, and desiredthe doctor's advice, wishing himself on shore; says the doctor it is all one forthat, and order'd a tea-kettle on. When the water was hot, he drenched him with it,till it went upwards or downwards, and cured him of a wind cholick.--Another, oneof my labourers, used to cure himself of a wind-cholick, by boiling the herb centoryin ale or water. As much of it as the quantity of an egg, if the liquor is drank,will cure if the stomach is swelled. See its virtues in Quincy, page 101.--Imyself was cured intirely of a wind-cholick, by drinking half a pint of water ina morning fasting, and so every morning by way of prevention; by which means youwill not be troubled with this tormenting disease.--Or steep as many onions bruisedas will lie in a quart of white-wine, and take a glass of it.
For a Stone-Cholick.--One Mr. Fennelof Leighton says, That he has taken 40 drops of balsam of sulphur for thestone-cholick, by dropping them in the middle of a glass of white-wine, which madeit look like the yolk of an egg, and then went to bed. This he did once a week forsome time, and it made him piss stones on the ground as big as a thetch, after beingtroubled with the gravel 20 years. Dr. Quincy allows from 4 to 12 drops fora dose, page 450.--A woman boiled parsley-roots, burdock-roots, and fennel-roots,in water, which when strained, she sweeten'd with syrup of marshmallows.--Anotherwoman took as much sal prunella in powder, in a spoonful of white-wine, as wouldlie on a penny, for easing the stone-cholick.--Another found nothing answer betterthan daucus-seed for his stone-cholick. Its seeds are like carraway seeds, of whichmake a tea. A person vastly troubled with the gravel, being treated by a Lord inHertfordshire with a seven-year old bottle of perry, voided almost a handfulof small stones.
Wind-Cholick.--Take as many grains of paradise,powder'd, as will lie on a shilling, in a glass of ale or brandy. It has cured whena doctor could not.--A gentlewoman, by advice, took as much turmerick as would lieon a shilling in a small glass of gin, for her wind-cholick.--Another burnt a largepiece of the bottom of a common glass-bottle, and while it was fery hot, quench'dit in gin, which he drank and was cured, though (as he said) he struggled for life,when all other means failed.--Another boiled winter savory in ale, then sweeten'dit with sugar, and drank it with some pepper mixt in it.--Another, a woman, my neighbour,boils wild thyme and St. John's-wort, together with carraway-seeds, and drinks itwith or without sugar, as an excellent remedy for the wind-cholick and other diseases.--Anotherboils balm and mint in half a pint of gin, strains and sweetens: This has cured,though raw gin will not.
Promiscuous Receits for various Diseases.
PAIN in a Man's Legs and other Parts cured.--This man hadgreat pains, particularly in his thighs and knees, and was cured by drinking nowand then two years old verjuice, mixt in a glass with some brandy. If it binds you,take a little lenitive electuary, or other loosening thing.--A young woman, livingin Acton parish, Middlesex, was cured of a pain in her legs, by beatingoil of roses with vinegar, and bathing it in before a fire for three days together,twice each day; she cover'd them with flannel.--A wealthy person in our parish havinga violent pain in his back, he tried sear-cloths and other things to no purpose,till one told him, he would pawn his life, if grains of paradise, taken in powderin a spoonful of ale, as much as would lie on a six-pence or shilling, several morningsfasting, did not cure him; and it answer'd the end.--A young fellow living near me,about 17 years of age, had a pain which was called a sciatica in his knees, to thatdegree as forced him to crawl about, for he could not walk, nor could hardly haveany rest. This induced his parents to consult our country surgeons, who gave it astheir opinion, that he was incurable; yet he was cured by his mother, who practisesas a sort of doctress. She boiled wooden dishes which held about a pint, and whilethey were very hot, she clap'd them on camomile first laid on the knees, where theyremained an hour and half; this she did every day for a fortnight, and removed thepain into his hip; here also she made the same application, and entirely cured herson.--Others rub in goosegrease on the pained part, and find a cure.--Oil of petrehas cured an old ach or pain, by anointing once in two days, and keeping a flannelon the part.
For curing a Fever.--A fever attended with acough went about the country, but was generally cured with a quart of honey mix'dwith a quart of spring-water, which was to be taken a little at a time.--For a commonfever, our country housewife advises to give a treacle-posset going to bed, whereit sweats the party; next day she binds, under a broad rag, on each wrist, some beatenlettice and currants mixt together; or wood-sorrel, plantane-leaves, and the dryblue currants beat together; and for a drink, she gives a liquor made with wood-sorrel-leaves,five-leaf-grass, strawberry-leaves, housleek, blackberry-briary-leaves, dandelion,primrose-leaves, sage, and mint; these she makes a tea of, and so much that severalbottles were flled with the same, and kept cork'd ready for drinking as wanted.--Othersadd to this liquor juice of lemons. This is a most cheap and efficacious method ofcuring a fever, for it seldom misses, even when they are light-headed, as is frequentlyexperienced in our country.--A gentleman in Derbyshire, when he finds himselffeverish, takes of pearl-barley a quarter of a pound, marshmallow-roots, liquorice,and half a pound of raisins of the sun, which he boils in a gallon of water, andmakes a drink of it, for malt drink is not good in this case. This is his liquorafter hard drinking; as being serviceable against cholick, fever, gout, stone, andscurvy.--For an epidemical fever, as published in a common news-paper; when the patientbegins to be disorder'd, let blood immediately, and provided there be no violentpain in the head, give a vomit forthwith; during the disorder the patient must bekept warm, and lie in bed as much as possible. The drink that should be administer'dvery plentifully, should be tartar-whey made thus: Let a quart of milk just boil,and then throw a quarter of an ounce of cream of tartar into it, strain it, and giveit to the patient blood-warm; two quarts, at least, should be drank in a morning,and the like quantity of balm-tea in the afternoon: Beware of taking cold. If thepatient is restless, syrup of poppies, and three or four drops of syrup of saffronmay be added to the balm-tea; it should be the last thing taken going to bed. Thishas preserved many hundreds from a long sickness if not from death.--Others stampblue currants and hops together, and apply them to the wrists as an excellent remedy.
A Man cured of a Scarlet-Fever by his Wife.--InMarch, 1747-8, many men, women, and children had the scarlet fever in andabout Gaddesden; my next neighbour, a man in good circumstances, looked frightfullyred with this malady, and to cure him his wife gave him a weak treacle-posset, andtreacle and sometimes honey in his drink. This drove out the fever, by a gentle sweating,into a rash or scurf, and in time he recovered without bleeding, for this woman'snotion is, that the disease cannot so well be drove out, if they take the strengthof the blood away. But this is contrary to the notions and practice of the famousDr. Boerhaave and Dr. Dover, who are recorded for bleeding plentifullyin all fevers, for giving air immediately to their patients; for tearing off allblisters, and for indulging the sick person with all manner of cooling and dilutingliquors, see page 107, in Dr. Dover's Last Legacy, whereis shewn the cure of Sir John Dinely Goodyere, who, though undera most violent fever, was presently thus cured.--Some lay beef steaks or sheeps lightsto the feet, for drawing down the fever.--N. B. Some of our country womenthink nothing exceeds a tea made of the aforesaid leaves, and binding powder of whiteresin about each wrist for curing any fever. It is used even to lying-in women.
Cramp.--This malady causes exquisite pain, especiallyto persons in years. My neighbour, having a fractured leg that confined him to hisbed, tells me, he suffered more pain from the cramp than from the fracture. It isthought to be wind in the blood, and for immediate relief some jump out of bed towalk on the floor.--Others rub their foot, leg, or thigh as hard and as fast as theycan with their hand, for the cramp generally begins in the great toe, and runs upto the calf of the leg, and sometimes higher.--Others tie their garter about theirfoot or leg going to bed, to prevent it.--Some report, that wearing roll-brimstonein the breeches pocket is good for the cramp; but I think there is little or nothingin it.--The next seems valuable, which is, to tie an eel-skin pretty tight abouta leg or arm, for it is said to be an excellent remedy for the cramp.--And so isHungary water, rub'd on the part subject to the cramp, at going to bed.
Pain in the Stomach.--A woman, my neighbour,had it two days together, so that her stomach swell'd, but was cured by mixing threespoonfuls of gin with three spoonfuls of mint water, and burning it; when the flamewas extinguished, she sweeten'd it, drank it, and was cured by three doses of it.--Anotherwoman, my neighbour, that had been many years troubled with a great pain at her stomach,was advised by my brother-in-law, the late Captain Henry Dodson, whohad been Governor of Cape-Coast-Castle in Africa, to take as much gunpowderas would lie on a shilling in a spoonful of brandy, which she did three morningsrunning, and it answer'd.--A correspondent wrote to me, that an acquaintance tooka tea spoonful of gunpowder in a glass of white-wine, which work'd gently and quickly,and carried off a great deal of watry humour.
Loss of Appetite.--Mr. C--h, a wealthyperson, at Dunstable, being sick, so that he could hardly eat any thing, wasadvised to steep a handful of camomile, a handful of wormwood, and a handful of rue,in two quarts of ale, a night and a day, and to drink a quarter or half a pint ata time of the liquor. He did so, and received a perfect cure. The same drink he takesnow and then in his health, by way of prevention.--I know a young surgeon in London,who brought an old gentleman to eat two mutton steaks for supper, that has lost hisappetite before, and took several six shillings of him for quart bottles of a liquor,wherein to my knowledge rue was a chief ingredient.
Rising of the Lights.--If you put a little flowerinto water, and drink it in common, it will keep them down, else they are apt torise and cause fts.
To stop Looseness.--Boil deal shavings in milk,and take half a pint at a time, made strong of the shavings, three or four timesa day; it is a leisure cure.--Or boil a sheet of writing paper in three pints ofmilk, which will make it thick; strain, and eat it with loaf-sugar and it is an excellentcure.--Or mix salt with water, and drink, if you can bear it, half a pint at a time;and if it offers vomitting, hold the vinegar bottle to the nose.--A woman in ourneighbourhood tells me a certain person used to gather sloes about a week after Michaelmas,when they are just fit for it, before the frost takes them: These he put into quartbottles, and buried them under ground for half a year, then took them out, and drainedout their juice, which was bottled with lump sugar, and thus became like claret forstopping a looseness, and for other occasions.--Or mix verjuice and brandy in equalparts; heat it, and take two or three spoonfuls at a time, which will effect a cure.
Scurvy.--A person having the nettle-spring orscurvy, which comes out in the skin, as if stung with nettles, being a high degreeof the scurvy, a surgeon at Hempstead advised the party to take three spoonfulsin one day of nettle juice naked in a spoon at morning, noon, and night, for sometime.--Or take the same quantity of juice of scurvy-grass naked, a spoonful at atime, in a glass of cyder or other liquor. The scurvy-grass juice is more pleasantthan the nettle juice.--Dr. Morton, a famous physician of Greenwich-Hospital,used to do wonders by making men swallow a spoonful of this naked juice at a time.Our late parson Mr. Dodgson would scratch till his arms almost bled, and said,nothing relieved him more at forty-five years of age, than steeping scurvy-grassin table-beer, and sometimes eating it on bread and butter, and when he was bound(being of a costive constitution) he was relieved by lenitive electuary.
Another Receit.--Boil two handfuls of fumitoryand two handfuls of elder-flowers with sugar for a common drink; this with an issueis said to be serviceable. Bruise twenty millepedes or hoglice in a mortar, and moistenthem with white-wine, which squeeze through a muslin rag. Take half a quarter ofa pint every morning for a month of this juice or liquor; it is not only excellentfor all scrophulous tumours and inveterate ulcers, but also for palsies, epilepsies,and all nervous distempers, and therefore strengthens the optick nerves of the eyes.
An antiscorbutick Cordial Elixir.--Take of thebest nutmeg-grained rhubarb (not Indian) grosly bruised and a little toasted,one ounce, of the best English saffron and cinnamon each a quarter of an ounce,plain spirit of scurvy-grass six ounces, cut the saffron small, beat the spice toa gross powder, and put the whole into a bottle with a glass-stopple; after it hasstood a week, shake the bottle now and then, and begin to take a tea-spoonful ortwo (pour'd off clear) in a dish of tea every morning. N. B. In this medicineyou enjoy all the virtues of the rhubarb and those in an exalted degree; inasmuchas its purgative quality is somewhat restrained, and by the assistance of the scurvy-grassspirit does the easier insinuate itself into the blood, and thereby becomes a morepowerful alterative and sweetener of the juices.--If you pour boiling water on coltsfoot-flowersin an earthen pot, and cover them, then let them stand till cold, strain off, andboil the liquor with sugar to a syrup, it is deemed a good antiscorbutick.
An excellent Receit for scorbutick Humours.--TakeÆthiops mineral prepared without fire, native cinnabar finely levigated halfan ounce, fine loaf sugar and gum guaiacum of each two drams, fine Turkey rhubarband crabs eyes prepared each one dram, oil of sassafras-wood twelve drops; mix accordingto art, and divide the powder into twelve equal parts, of which take one in a littlewhite-wine daily two hours before dinner, and likewise before supper. This is anexcellent remedy indeed for destroying the scurvy, given me by my intimate acquaintance,a London physician.--A woman's legs broke out in blotches and scabs, so thatshe could hardly go, but was perfectly cured by steeping scurvy-grass in ale, andtaking a little more than half a quartern fasting.
An Antiscorbutick Electuary.--Take medicinalantimony six drams, Æthiops mineral one ounce, rhubarb in powder one dram, conserveof the yellow rind of Seville oranges and lenitive electuary each one ounce; mixwith syrup of cloves, and take two drams three times a day.
A sharp scorbutick Humour in the Skin.--Dr.---- ordered a man Æthiops mineral and Northaw water, but an apothecaryat Enfeld put it by, and gave him cinnabar of antimony, sugar, and powderof crabs eyes and claws.
A Wen cured.--Mrs. Roberts, of Shedham,about two miles from Gaddesden, having a wen many years almost under her chin,and as big as a boy's fist, could never get it reduced, till by advice she smoakedtobacco, and from time to time rubbed the wen with the spittle of it; this by degreeswasted the wen, and entirely cured it.
A swelled Arm that wasted, cured.--After a fever,a man's arm swell'd, upon which the late Serjeant-Surgeon Green advised toquench some lime twenty-four hours in water, and apply it as a poultice, and whendried to wet it again, or apply new; it shrivelled the skin at first, but it reducedthe swelling. Yet such a lime poultice must not be put to any sore; but lime-wateris often applied to keep back humours from flowing to the part of a broken shin,or other wound. This man is my neighbour who received this benefit.
To draw out a Thorn.--Hang up the gall of abarrow-hog, and it will drop some of it out; that which remains and dries, spreadon a linen rag, and apply it; it seldom fails.--Or apply a piece of adder's-skin.
To cure Shingles.--Take the black coom thatis made by oiling or greasing bells in a steeple, and anoint with it.--A young womanof good fortune at Gaddesden had the shingles, so as to have blisters halfround her body, but was cured by mixing the blood of a black cat's tail with juiceof housleek and cream, and anointing warm three times a day.
Sore Mouth.--Take burnt allum powder, and mixit with honey; rub a little now and then on the part, and it will cure.--Or takehoney of roses, a little tincture of myrrh, some strong sage tea, and red wine; mixand rub the mouth, and now and then use syrup of mulberries.--A woman my neighbour,troubled with a sore mouth, could not get it cured, till a surgeon told her it proceededfrom the heat of her stomach, and that nothing would cure but a tea made of coolingherbs, and it answer'd accordingly.
Chilblains and Kibeheels--Mr. Boyle sayshave been cured by strewing on the sore part, powder of dried sliced quincies,--Orrub hogslard before the fire on the chilblain or kibe; then lay over the same a pieceof bladder, or (better) the skin of a hog's flair. But some boil chickweed, and firstwash the part with the strained water, for which reason they gather and keep chickweeddried by them.--A man and his children near me are much troubled with kibe-heels,but are always cured by rubbing oil of turpentine on them, before a fire, just beforethey go to bed, whether the kibes be broke or not broke.--But the kibe-ointment,mentioned in Quincy's Dispensatory, page 458, seems to be a most excellentsort for this purpose.
Canker.--A girl, about twelve years of age,that being daily employed to sew straw hats (which is most of the womens work inour part of Hertfordshire) used to put her brass thimble into her mouth, whichbred many white cankering blisters on her tongue, gums, and lips, was cured by anointingthe outside of her jaws, chin, and lips, three days together, with stale goose-grease,and binding a rag of the same over the parts.--Or stamp rue, sorrel, briar-leaves,and sage, and boil their juice with allum and a little honey, clear it of the scum,and wash with it the canker'd places now and then.
To fasten Teeth.--Drop five or six drops oftincture of myrrh into a tea-cup of water, and wash the teeth with it, for fasteningthem.--Or make use of allum, as one of the best of things to kill the scurvy in thegums and fallen teeth; make a wash of it, by dissolving a bit of it in water witha little brandy in it.--Or first wash with a tea-cup of water, wherein is mixt alittle brandy and a few drops of tincture of myrrh; then roll in the mouth a bitof allum. This I do, and it ought to be done, every morning.--Or put two grains ofsalt of vitriol, a quarter of an ounce of tincture of myrrh, a bit of allum as bigas a horse-bean, and half an ounce of honey of roses, into half a pint of claret;put a teaspoonful of this into a spoonful of water, and wash the teeth; the vitriolwhitens, and with the rest fastens.
To cure the Tooth-ach.--Dip a little lint intincture of myrrh, and put it in or upon the tooth; it is an excellent remedy.--Orstamp a little rue, as much as can be put into the ear, on that side the tooth achs,it will cause a noise, but makes a cure in an hour's time.--Tobacco ashes will cleanand whiten teeth well.--A certain cooper burns the rind of ashes, wets them, putsthem on leather, and lays it behind his ear, to raise a blister; which cures thetooth-ach, or other pain in the head.
How a young Woman lost several of her Teeth.--Shetells me, that for curing her tooth-ach she smoaked henbane-seed; secondly, a mixtureof tobacco and brimstone; thirdly, gunpowder and salt, in a rag held on the tooth;fourthly, salt and pepper; fifthly, spirits of wine; sixthly, spirit of hartshorn:These at times she smoaked, and applied, to the loss of several of her teeth. Somesay, spirit of soot used once a month cures the scurvy in the gums.
Madam Howard's Diet-Drink.--This gentlewomanlived in London, and for preventing the breed of the scurvy and other diseasestook an excellent method, by making a diet-drink in the following manner, viz.--Sheused to have a pin of brown ale brought to her house from a brewhouse, that heldfour gallons and a half; the ale she emptied into an earthen upright steen, and thensoaked in the same, scurvy-grass leaves, gentian-root, snake-root, and wormwood.These she now and then squeezed, and after three days she strained off, and put theale into the vessel again; then she cut some Seville oranges, and squeezed theirjuice into it, and after putting in some guaiacum chips she bung'd up the cask, fordrinking this medicated ale at discretion. She sometimes only pared the oranges,and put them in whole. This is an excellent diet-drink for all degrees and shapesof the scurvy whatsoever.--Another of our farmers wives says the following is anexcellent cheap diet-drink for the scurvy, which is made by boiling figs, liquorice,scurvy-grass, and water-cresses in ale.--Another says, take one ounce of sliced liquorice,two ounces of juniper-berries, and two scruples of salt of tartar, steeped in a quartof ale; then take four spoonfuls in a pint of ale.--A diet-drink is made and soldby a country doctress for the scurvy, rheumatism, and other diseases; she steepsmountain-flax, dwarf-elder, and buckbean, in ale, a night and a day.
The travelling Beggars Way of clearing their Bodiesof Nits, Lice, and Fleas.--I believe I may affirm it for truth, that no countyin England is so much frequented by beggars as Hertfordshire; and uponasking them of their method of curing the several diseases they are incident to morethan others, they tell me that, for clearing their bodies of lice, they boil copperasin water with hogslard, and by rubbing it over their bodies, no lice have power tobite them; on the contrary, it will make them forsake the cloaths they wear, andnot damage their skin.--Another says, he is clear of lice by anointing the waistbandof his breeches with oil of russel, but this I doubt.--To clear the head of lice,first open and part the hair here and there, then cover the bole of a lighted pipeof tobacco with a linen rag, and blow the smoak into the places, which will makethe lice crawl to the outmost parts of the hair, where they may be easily combedout.--To prevent and destroy fleas, boil brooklime, or arsmart, or wormwood, in water,and wash the room.--Or lay the herbs in several parts of the room.
To destroy Worms in the human Body.--A man curedof little white maw-worms. This man lived near me, and being much troubled with theseworms, he took near half a pint at a time of salt water for four mornings togetherfasting, and it made him void great quantities of these worms, to the curing of himfor some years.--Give to a girl twelve years old, that has worms, a teaspoonful andhalf of elixir proprietatis in water-gruel: It kills worms, and cures the green-sickness.--Bruisegreen tansy, and give a spoonful of its juice every day to a boy or girl: It is excellentto kill worms.--One of our labourers, having the small white worms, took a spoonfulof sugar fasting, and in a few minutes after he took seven drops of oil of vitriolin half a pint of small beer, and in an hour or two's time, vomited worms to thequantity of a handful; then he drank half a pint of strong beer and vomited moreworms, and so a third time; at last half a pint staid with him, and in three daysafter he took nine drops of the oil, which did not move him; three years after hewas cured by the same.
To destroy Worms.--Give to a boy or girl a spoonfulof the juice of rue now and then.--It is certainly true, that a dram of gin has curedseveral men, women, and others, of worms, in our parish, by taking it three morningsfasting.
To stop a Looseness or Flux.--A man given overfor death, was cured of a violent looseness by eating an egg (boiled or roasted veryhard) shell and all.--Another recovered by drinking now and then half a quarter ofa pint of old verjuice.--Another stops a looseness by boiling blackberry leaves insmall beer.
The Evil cured by Advice of a Beggar.--A girlat Gaddesden, having the evil in her feet from her infancy, at eleven yearsold lost one of her toes by it, and was so bad that she could hardly walk, thereforewas to be sent to a London hospital in a little time: But a beggarwoman coming tothe door, and hearing of it, said, that if they would cut off the hind leg, and thefore leg on the contrary side of that, of a toad, and wear them in a silken bag abouther neck, it would certainly cure her; but it was to be observed, that on the toad'slosing its legs, it was to be turned loose abroad, and as it pined, wasted, and died,the distemper would likewise waste and die; which happened accordingly, for the girlwas intirely cured by it, never having had the evil afterwards.
The Evil in a Girl's Eye helped.--Another Gaddesdengirl having an hereditary evil from her father in her eyes, her parents dried a toadin the sun, and put it in a silken bag, which they hung on the back part of her neck;and although it was thus dried, it drawed so much as to raise little blisters, butdid the girl a great deal of service, till she carelessly lost it.--But I am humblyof opinion, no medicine known by man exceeds that of quicksilver water for curingthe King's-evil. The cure of which I think likewise would be made very short, ifthe patient would exercise his body with some labour, and live on a milk diet, whilehe or she is drinking the water.
Pain in the Head cured.--Mr. Gadbury,of Dunstable, kept his bed almost a year for it, and got a wry neck in thetime; at last, by the advice of Dr. Freeman of Amptill, he was curedby the use of the following powder given in ale: He baked red sage and egg-shellstogether, of which he made the powder. Mr. Gadbury was alive in 1739.--Another,who is my particular acquaintance, took lavender drops every night he went to bed,to the number of sixty, in water, ale, or wine; but best of all dropt on loaf sugar,letting it gradually dissolve in the mouth, because by that means it soaks more immediatelyinto the nerves, and gives a more sudden supply to the spirits.--Another takes thirtydrops in water several times a day. In the decays of age, and convulsive or apoplecticshocks, such as bring on palseys and loss of memory, this is a most excellent medicine,as Dr. Quincy very well observes at page 363 of his Dispensatory.--Iknow a woman, who for the pain of her head snuffs some of these spirits up her nosevery frequently.
Sneezing.--It comes by cold taken in the heador other parts, and is very troublesome, and the more so, when it lasts some time:A good cure is, to dose the body with a hearty drink of wine, or other strong liquor,till it is thoroughly heated, but not with naked spiritous liquor, nor to the excessof drunkenness.--Or rub your head now and then with Hungary-water, and drink nothingthat keeps your body open.--Or wash always your head with cold water in a morning.
Small-Pox.--They at first are generally takenwith a pain in the head and back, coldness of feet, or vomitting.--The case of MissHoward of London, under the care of a most eminent doctor of physick:At first she was thought to have only a cold, and so they gave her a raisin possetmade to sweat her, but in three days the small-pox came out, after bleeding for afever as they thought.--The doctor said, it is best to bleed on the apprehensionof the small-pox, because it prevents their being vastly full, and prevents a feverjoining them. She was kept always full of drink, either panado or gruel, and sometimesa little Sack and toast, with saffron steep'd in it, to drive the small-pox fromthe heart, or a Naple-bisket sopt in it; but no meat was allow'd till the pox wasturned, which commonly is in nine or twelve days; then she had a little fish, orboiled chicken; and during all this time she had cordial powders in juleps givenher every four hours, till they were turned and she out of danger. She was kept warmalmost like as in a bagnio, and did not keep out of bed longer than till the bedwas made; at last they wash'd her face with warm Sack and butter [or anoint withchopt rue boiled in hogslard] to shoal off the pocks, and prevent their pitting.
To prevent catching the Small-Pox.--Drink, ifyou are going into any danger, a quarter or half a pint of rue tea without sugar;or hold a piece of rue in your mouth. This is an excellent antidote, and of infiniteservice to man and beast, in many shapes; particularly for cleansing the blood, andthinning it, for the better preparing the body to be easily cured of the small-pox.A piece in the mouth defends against the damage of any ill scents.
Deafiness.--A tinker was cured by fleaing ahedgehog, taking out the guts, roasting the body without basting, and saving thedripping or fat, of which he dropt three drops into his ear at night, the same inthe morning, and so for two days, when it cured him.--Or boil one or more addersin a small pot, save the grease, which will be almost as thin as oil, and drop oneor two drops into the ear going to bed, repeating the same several times.--The late---- How, Esq; Recorder of St. Albans, being exceeding deaf, he shavedhis head every day, and every night and morning rubbed it with Hungary-water, tillhe was perfectly cured by it.--Another is said to take oil of almonds, water in ajack-hare's bladder, and swan's grease, beating up 15 drops of each of these together,and dropping 15 drops into each ear going to bed, and so every night for a week.In the mean while, put white melilot on two bits of leather, and lay fresh ones tothe ears every night.
Sore Eyes.--A woman having sore eyes dissolvedfine loaf sugar in water, and it did her vast service.--Another did better by dissolvingsome white vitriol in spring water with loaf sugar, because the thickness of thesugar-water guards against the sharp vitriol: A little of this water dropt into theeye, or besmear'd by a feather with it, does great service.--The juice of green wheattakes spots out of the eyes.--Milk hot from the cow is a sovereign remedy for blood-shotor other sore eyes.--If you put the vitriol in sugar'd water, a bit as big as a largepea is sufficient for a two ounce bottle. It is an excellent water.
To take away Wrinkles from the Face.--Mix finewheat meal in hot bean-flower water.
A Wine good for the Palsey.--Take woodlice ormillepedes bruised, half a pint; vipers just killed, skinned, and freed from theirentrails and fat, two, three, or more; horse-radish sliced and bruised, one ounceand a half; sharp-pointed dock-root, half a pound; juniper berries whole, four ounces;gentian sliced, six drams: Infuse these in a gallon of mountain wine, and take twoounces twice a day. This is the prescription of a professor of physick in London.--Oneof our country-men tells me, that he has the yellow flowers of the lady-finger grassdistill'd for the palsey, and finds a great benefit by washing his face and handswith the distilled liquor, and by drinking a tea made with rosemary and lavender.--Spiritof lavender taken on loaf sugar, to the quantity from twenty to one hundred drops,is of such efficacy for this purpose, that by some they are called palsey drops.
Teas.--Bohea and green are generally allowedto be unwholesome herbs; if drank to excess, they hurt the nerves (bohea especially)and cause various distempers, as tremors, palseys, vapours, fits, &c.And as lime and allum are employed in making loaf sugar, their corroding naturesare likewise of very ill consequence when used immoderately; therefore cream, &c.is very necessary to qualify these bad properties. I know a gentlewoman who in herlast dish of tea puts six or more lavender drops, to prevent the rise of vapours.Others boil archangel or nettle flowers in milk, to drink with their tea.--Some veryjudiciously make use of quicksilver-water instead of raw water for their tea.--Agentleman of my acquaintance, for avoiding the pernicious effects of loaf sugar,made use of white sugar-candy.--Another used all powder'd sugar.--A gentlewoman,a great lover of green-tea, drank it morning and afternoon, but was forced to leaveit off, because it raked her stomach, and bred the cholick, being (as she thought)of a feeding nature; and therefore betook herself to ale-hoof or ground-ivy tea.--Asurgeon of Barkhamstead, taking me into his garden, pointed to his balm andhis sage, telling me these were his tea.--Another surgeon, named Keston, ofHempstead, said that green tea is the worst of things for the cholick anddead palsey. And I remember, the Barkhamstead surgeon said, that both boheaand green grow on one tree, are of a poisonous nature, and that the men who workon them have their hands blister'd by the oil, which is very hot.--Artificial teamay be made with saintfoin leaves, honeysuckle, the leaves of the white and blackthorn and new hay.
Tea Caudle.--Sir Kenelm Digby, in hisbook called the Closet, tells us, that a Jesuit who came from China,in 1664, told Mr. Waller, that there they make an infusion or caudle of tea(green, I suppose) by putting a pint of scalding water on a drachm of tea, with twoyolks of eggs beat up with fine sugar; the tea being first made, must be poured onthe eggs and sugar, which being well stirred together should be drank hot. He says,that this infusion presently satisfes all rawness and indigence of stomach. In England,the Jesuit said, we let the hot water stand too long soaking on the tea, which makesit extract into itself the earthy parts of the herb; but by letting it remain a smallertime, you have only the spiritous part of the tea, that is much more active, penetrative,and friendly to nature.--Sir Kenelm says, Mr. Waller found the Jesuit'scharacter of tea exactly answer.--And I say, I was in hopes I had sufficiently laidopen the same hint on account of brewing malt liquors, in my treatise intituled TheLondon and Country Brewer; but notwithstanding the great importance the sameis of to men's health and pleasure, I find it passes, with too many, as if it wasa tale of a cock and a bull.--Or you may mix the eggs with some white-wine and gratednutmeg, and heat and stir it over a fire, with the tea, as the right way.--Again,as tea is of such a pernicious nature to health, the stronger it is made, the greaterdamage it does. For my own part, as I drink near half a pint of quicksilver-wateralmost every morning, when I am to drink bohea or green tea I put into the quicksilverwater some drops of spirit of hartshorn, or of lavender, as a defence against theill effects of tea.--A young woman, seemingly about thirty-five years of age, whomI saw at Otters-Pool, near Watford, on her crutches, told me she boardedthere for a month, to try if plunging once a day in this excellent natural cold bathwould cure her of a dead palsey, that took her on one side; which she imputed todrinking tea in excess, that she was tempted to, as she lived in a service whereshe was not debar'd from it.--Another, that lived with a merchant in London,had tea in such plenty, that she thereby fell into a consumption and died.--A girlof seven years old, in my neighbourhood, fell into the jaundice, by drinking dailya large quantity of tea.--A gentlewoman said, if she drinks bohea tea, it gives hera trembling and head-ach; therefore she drinks green.--A gentleman, a hard drinkerof spiritous liquors, was forced (because he must not leave them off all at once)to mix brandy with his tea.--An apothecary said, if green tea is laid on raw liver,it will eat into it.--Drinking too much tea breeds an asthma and stoppage at thestomach.
Diabetes.--The late Nath. Bent, who keptthe great Bull-Inn at Redburne in Hertfordshire, by tipplingpunch and six-penny stale strong beer, although a man of the largest size, fell intothat lamentable disease a diabetes; and declared to me, that he thought none of thedoctor's medicines did him so much service as smith's forge-water. I ask'd him, whyhe did not make use of Bristol or some other astringent well-waters; he answer'd,that it was his opinion, nothing exceeded the smith's water and isinglass. He livedseveral years after this malady seized him, and told me he thought himself well ofit. He died I think in April, 1749, of a complication of distempers, a manof considerable worth, and deserving of a good character.--Diabetes cured by acidulatedchalybeate waters, as related in Dr. Hales's Philosophical Experiments,p. 154.--Or see an excellent receit for it, at page 511, in Quincy'sDispensatory.--I remember a yeoman of a middle age was so often blooded forsome distemper, that it brought him under a diabetes, and killed him.--One that isa surgeon and physician in London tells me, that the Hot-Well water of Bristol,and that of Islington, cures this distemper; but he says, to supply this,and make a liquor superior to either of them for this distemper--To two quarts ofwater put a scruple of salt of steel, and a little lump of lime, which is to settlea night, and then to be pour'd off; of this, drink half a pint two or three timesa day.--But besides this, a diet-drink ought to be made use of; for which, boil guaiacumchips to a strong decoction, and add to the same a gallon of water, wherein two poundsof lime are infused; let it stand 24 hours and pour off; then add two ounces of sassafraschips, a nutmeg sliced, a quarter of an ounce of cinnamon, two ounces of liquorice,and half an ounce of coriander seeds; bruise them, and steep them in the liquor fouror five days, and drink of it two or three times a day.
The Healthfulness of warm Drink.--The late Dr.Crawley, of Dunstable, gave a strict charge to his cook-maid neverto drink cold small beer when she was hot, be it in summer or winter; for that asher business greatly exposed her to heats, it would much endanger her health to drinkcold small beer when she was hot. Warm drinks are by physicians said to be most beneficialto health; and although beasts drink cold water, yet it does them no good, till warm'din their stomach. Warm drink allays thirst better than cold, and distributes, andbetter helps the digestion of our food; which leads me to present my reader (as awarning on this account) with the following case.--A very industrious honest farmer,named John Gurney, having taken a farm at Nor-Marston in Buckinghamshire,that was left in a most foul weedy condition by the last tenant, laboured almostincessantly to plow and get it clean and sweet, to that degree, as obliged him oftento drink cold small beer when he was hot, which made him grow sickish, lose his appetite,and was so faint that he could not hold his work. Upon this, his wife carried hiswater to Dr. Crawley aforesaid, who said to her, Woman are you willing tobe a widow ? No sir, says she. But I tell you (says he) you will be one, for no mancan cure him; for I find by his water, he has drank too much cold small beer whenhe was hot, and thereby so mixed his grease with his blood, that there is no remedyfor him. Accordingly the doctor's saying proved true, for he afterwards pined awayby degrees, not being able to retain his water (notwithstanding he consulted severalphysicians) which caused him to slink much, and after languishing a year, two, ormore, he died, leaving a widow and five children, with a stock thought to be worth500 l. to the great grief of all his relations and acquaintance.
Earwig, how one got into a Girl's Ear, and cured.--Mychairwoman told me, that when she was a girl about twelve years of age, riding ina cart to field in harvest-time, she laid herself down to dose, when an earwig creptinto her ear, and presently caused it to swell, making her deaf to every thing buta terrible noise in it, and was in great pain by its stinging the part; being hadin about an hour's time to Dr. Crawley of Dunstable, he syringed herear, and by that means got out the earwig, saying, that if she had stay'd a littlelonger, he could not have done it, because the ear would have swell'd up; also thatin twenty-four hours time it would have bred. When it came out, it was alive, andhe said it bites at mouth and stings at tail; her ear was afterwards much swell'd.--Itis said, that the juice of rue put into the ear will kill an earwig in it, if theparty goes to sleep and lies on the contrary ear, and that when it has killed theearwig, the juice will come out.
A Cat cured Pain.--It is said, that a gentlewomanhaving a swelled tumid hand, put her finger into a cat's ear, and within two hourswas delivered of her pain; but the cat was so pained, that two men could hardly holdher.
A Purge.--A country capital physician takesone ounce of manna several mornings together, as the best purge to keep him in health,in water-gruel.--Another says, dissolve half an ounce of the best manna in thin water-gruel,strain it through a fine rag, and add of the best tincture of rhubarb made in whitewine, an ounce or two; tincture of cardamom-seeds, made according to Bates,twenty drops; mix them, and take what you think may answer your constitution.--Thehiera picra purge is endued with such excellent qualities, that it is wrote of inseveral books, and therefore I cannot well help doing the same here, and the rather,because I know a physician that makes it the chief physick for his own body. Theysell it at the apothecaries, druggists, and chymists, in powder. One says it maybe taken from two to three drachms in Rhenish-wine, with an ounce of the syrup ofmugwort, at night going to bed.--Another, I think, directs better, to put an ounceand a half of this powder into a quart of Madeira wine; and after it has beensteeped three or four days, to pour off the fine part for use; then to take three,four, or five spoonfuls going to bed, or in the morning. A strong constitution wantsno confinement nor alteration of diet, nor does it gripe like most other physicks.For a purge, the tincture of hiera picra is said to be the best that can be taken;it is an agreeable bitter, and never gripes. One ounce will carry off all the foulnessof humours, and prevent a great many disorders.
For a Vomit.--If you have a heaviness and foulnessof stomach, and that you are more costive than usual, drink plentifully of green-tea,till all the slime be got off your stomach. It is a fine gentle vomit, and greatlyrelieves all scorbutick diseases.
Bite of a mad Dog.--Mr. Daniel Puttinham,of Gainsford, near Harrow, in Middlesex, told me, December9, 1746, that several persons were bit about him, as supposed by dogs that had runfrom London. The cure, he says, is absolute, if a person will every morningplunge himself over head and ears in a pond for a month together, and every otherday for a fortnight after.--A man bit by a mad dog, about a week after, was had tothe salt water; when he saw it, he snapt with his teeth, and started, which madethe boatman say, it was too late; however, being dipt heartily it stopt the maladyjust where it was; but whenever at water, he started and snapt with his teeth.
To cure a Dog bit by mad Dog.--Tie up and bleedhim in the neck-vein, pin and tie it about with thread, and give the dog as muchwhite hellebore powder as will lie on a six-pence or a shilling in milk, but nexttime in flesh.--It is a sure cure.
Measles.--One of my neighbours had three ofhis children down at once of the measles; they came out very red in the face, uponwhich he gave his boy the quantity of a nutmeg of Venice treacle.
Whitloe cured.--A person having a whitloe onthe top of the thumb, when it was towards a ripeness, soap mixt with chalk was putto draw it to a head, and when it was broke, melilot salve was applied; and afterthat, the cure was finished with an old woman's healing salve.
Coffee --Is said to dry up crudities of thestomach and to comfort the brain, is very serviceable after a debauch of strong liquors,and so it is for those persons troubled with defluxions of rheum from the head tothe stomach; but it is hurtful to dry constitutions, and is apt to hinder sleep.There are two sorts of coffee sold by grocers and druggists in London, andat shops in the country: The first are generally so honest, as to declare their difference,and sell the Turkey for 4 s. 6 d. per pound, and theWest-India for 3 s. 6 d. I have therefore reason to warn myreader against this coffee imposition, that I may assuredly say is carried on bytoo many, especially in the country, where people are most ignorant; I mean for sellingthe West-India coffee for Turkey coffee, either alone or in a mixture.--Theright way to make coffee, is to heat the berries in a fire-shovel, till they sweata little; then grind them, and put the coffee-pot over the fire with water; whenhot, throw the water away, and dry the pot by the fire, then put the powder intoit, and boiling water immediately over the same; let it stand three or four minutes,and pour off the clear. By this means the hot water meets the spirit of the coffee,and will therefore be stronger than any boiled coffee; whereas if you boil coffeeas the common way is, the spirit goes away, so that it will not be so strong norquick to the taste; for, obtaining the spirit is the main thing to be desired. Toexperience the truth of this, boil the coffee half an hour, or a little more, andlet it stand a while, it will be of a vinegar taste, and the stronger you make itof the coffee, the sourer it will be, because the spirit evaporates away in the boilingso long, and if the spirit of any liquor is gone, it soon becomes acid.
To make artificial Coffee.--Bake a piece ofbread in an oven to a burnt crust, afterwards scrape it to a powder, and it willhave a taste very near true coffee. Or take wheat and parch it in a fire-shovel,or better on a tin plate over a clear fire, till it is black, then grind it, andit will imitate coffee both in smell and taste. The best way to keep roasted coffee-berries,is in some warm place. The powder ram'd well in a tin pot, and kept in a warm place,will keep well above a month.--Coffee poured on one or two yolks of eggs, and thenjust boiled up over a fire, will, with sugar, drink a little like chocolate.
Cutting and curing Corns.--I know a man andhis wife who when they cut their corns so to the quick, as to make them almost orquite bleed, always rub some spirit of wine on them, which prevents their festering,or bringing on a mortification.
Chopt Hands.--Wash them in chamberlye, and whendried by the fire rub them with hogslard, and wear gloves going to bed.
To relieve a Traveller's Feet.--Let him heathis feet every night before a fire very well, and it will draw out the fery heatwhich they have contracted by walking in the day.--Or wash your feet with white-winevinegar at night.--Or put an egg in each shoe when you walk.
Tobacco --Is an herb by some accounted wholesome,by others unwholesome. Tobacco, says Dr. Archer, physician in ordinary toKing Charles, smoaked in a pipe, is very attractive of moist and crude humours,as water and phlegm out of the head and stomach; and thus it makes a pump of themouth, for the benefit of some few, and detriment to the health of many others.--Itis not good (says he) for those that are of a hot, dry, and cholerick constitution,nor for sanguine people, who are not troubled with rheums distilling upon the lungs.It is bad for the teeth for two causes, from its own heat from a burning oil withthe smoak convey'd to the mouth, and from the frequent flux of rheum from the headto the teeth.--It is (says he) bad for the eyes, because the smoak carries such ahot oil with it, that weakens the eyes by its force upon the brain, drawing fromthe optick nerve.--It is good where cold and famine cannot otherwise be helped, forit heats the body, and defrauds the stomach by offending it, and so there may bethe less appetite or craving for food. If chewing it is good for any, it is for thosethat have cold rheums distilling from the head; on this account I heard a physiciansay it is excellent, because it alters its cold nature into a hot one, and thus preventsits damaging the stomach and lungs; it is also by its smoak very serviceable in preventingcontagious distempers, and therefore is commonly thus made use of by surgeons andothers in hospitals, &c. Now to improve this narcotick herb, drop a fewdrops of oil of anniseeds into an ounce of it, it gives it a pleasant taste, andendues the smoak with several wholesome properties.
Too much Physick does Harm.--A physician said,It washes off the mucus of the guts, and then the meat passes too quick through them,because they are deprived of their retentive quality. I am credibly informed, thata gentlewoman in Staffordshire took the Scotch pills so frequently,that they occasioned this misfortune and killed her.
The Case of a Child of three Years old, which hadliked to have died by catching cold in the Measles.--The measles in this childappeared very full, but by the indiscretion of the nurse he had like to have died;for in the height of the distemper she let the child go to the door with a few ofits garments on, which gave the air a power to strike the measles in, so that fortwo days and a half it was doubted whether the child would live, till a gentlewomanof Dunstable advised to give it now and then some strong drink wherein somemarygold-flowers had been boiled, and after boiling, to sweeten it with treacle.This was done accordingly, and it brought the measles out again, to the recoveryof the child.
Sir Hans Sloan's Eye-Salve.--A most effectualmedicine for soreness, weakness, and other distempers of the eyes, is faithfullyprepared according to Sir Hans Sloan's receit, printed in his sixpenny pamphlet,p. 4, where he says, he found it so surprisingly beneficial, that by the rightuse of it not one in five hundred missed of a cure.--And again, p. 7, he says,it has cured many whose eyes were covered with opake flms and cicatrices left byinflammations and apostumes of the cornea, many of whom were so totally deprivedof sight, as to be under a necessity of being led to him; yet after some time couldperfectly find their way without a guide. This liquid or thin salve is to be appliedwith a small hair pencil, the eye winking or a little open'd. A bottle of Sir HansSloan's salve is from one shilling to two shillings each.--A certain elderlyman, in London, was so dark sighted, that he could not distinguish personsin the street, yet recover'd his sight by sewing a thin piece of lead, about thebigness of a crown-piece, to his perriwig.--Another, by washing his head daily, heldhis sight to a great age.
The Character of a Lord's great and unparallel'dCharity. Not a great many miles from Gaddesden now lives a nobleman, whoalthough he was not bred a physician, extends his charity in a very uncommon manner;for he not only visits the sick in the most contagious illness, but supplies themwith medicines at his own cost. He has condescended to walk through a workhouse,out of his own parish, to assist the distressed diseased people, and where he willnot venture on his own judgment, he consults a physician at his own expence. Anotherinstance of his charity happened to my knowledge; a poor woman lying ill of a desperatefever, her husband could get no nurse to attend her, for fear of catching the distemper,yet this excellent nobleman went to her in the greatest extremity, and gave her medicinesat his own cost: An example, I hope, that will induce some others to imitate.