HOME PAGE    HEALTHLIBRARY CATALOG
Front Matter

Introduction
I Disease--Two Views
II The Slaughter of The Innocents
III Prenatal Care
IV Babies Should be Born in the Spring
V Baby's Growth and Development


VI The Child's Teeth
VII Teething
VIII Fat Babies
IX Mother's Milk
X Should Baby be Weaned
XI Three Year Nursing Period
XII Cows Milk
XIII Pasteurization
XIV Three Feedings a Day
XV No Starch for Infants
XVI "ReguIar" Crimes in Feeding
XVII Feeding of Infants
XVIII Baby's General Care
XIX Feeding Children from two to six years
XX A Healthy Child


XXI Undernutrition
XXII The Acute "Infectious" Diseases of Childhood

XXIII Skin Disorders
XXIV Common Disorders of Infants and Children

XXV Child Education
XXVI Corporal Punishment
XVII Vaccinia


XXVIII Serum Poisoning
XXIX Commercial Medicine







CHAPTER XXI
UNDERNUTRITION

    Malnutrition, (Innutrition, undernutrition) is simply pooror inadequate or defective nutrition. The child or adult is undernorished or is notwell nourished. Such a person may be overfed. The cases of malnutrition in thosewho actually do not eat a sufficient bulk of food are comparatively very rare.

    Almost the whole of the American population is sufferingfrom undernutrition. The discovery during the war that so many of the young men inthis country are such miserable specimens of physical manhood occasioned a temporaryinterest in the subject of malnutrition, just as a similar temporary interest inthe nutrition of her young followed a similar discovery in the young men of Englandduring the Boer war. Although, this temporary interest in the physical welfare ofour future cannon-fodder waned as the patriotic fervor, which gave rise to it, lessened,with the passing of the war, malnutrition of our children and adults is as acuteas ever if not more so. Routine examinations of school children have revealed thatmalnutrition is as prevalent in these as it was in the young men examined in 1917-1919.

    It is difficult to capitalize such a condition and, therefore,no serious effort is being made to remedy it. The doctors and public health workerssoon turned their attentions back to serums and vaccines and to removing tonsilsand pulling teeth. The little attention that is being given to the subject of malnutritionin children is practically wasted because; 1st., physicians do not have a dependableknowledge of diet and do not know how to properly feed children; 2nd. they do notfully understand the causes of undernutrition; 3rd., they devote too much attentionto purely arbitrary standards of height and weight and too little to other and muchmore important evidences of innutrition; and, 4th., commercial surgery, commercialdentistry, commercial serums and vaccines and commercial food manufacturers standin the way of sincere effort.

    The United States Children's Bureau found that from one-fourthto one-third of the children in this country are definitely malnourished accordingto medical standards. In some communities malnourishment is so common that it ishardly recognized as an abnormal condition . They found that the number of childrenof really superior nutrition is really very small.

    While a majority of these children manage to grow up, theycarry the marks of faulty nutrition with them throughout their lives. Small bones,weak, receding, deformed chins, deformities,defective teeth, undeveloped bodies,flat chest, deformed spines, poor sight, anemia, marked susceptibility to disease,and low mentality are only some of the more obvious, results of malnutrition. Herein San Antonio, among our Mexican population, one scarcely sees a single Mexicanwho does not present unmistakable evidences of malnurishment.

    Malnutrition manifests itself not only in a failure to gainin height and weight but in many other ways. Indeed many malnourished children arefat, while, others are as tall as the average child of their age. A child may benormal, meaning the median or average, as far as height and weight are concerned,and still present many evidences of malnutrition.

    The more common symptoms of malnutrition are a dry, delicateskin which is either pale, or wax-like or else sallow, or pasty, or earthy in appearance;dry, rough hair, brittle nails; blue circles or dark hollows under the eyes, witha pale, colorless mucous lining of the eye-lids; loose skin, flabby, undevelopedmuscles; round shoulders, projecting shoulder blades, fatigue posture, prominentabdomen, irritability, listlessness, inattention, "laziness," undue mentaland physical fatigue, mental backwardness, a tempermental disposition, lack of naturalinquisitiveness and a lessened power of concentration; the child is also likely tobe finicky about his food. The undernourished child is usually underweight, althoughsome of them are fat and flabby.

    The causes of malnutrition are commonly divided into threeclasses, Physical, social and dietetic.

    The "physical causes" are diseases and variousmalformations. Among these are listed tuberculosis, chronic disease of the tonsilsand sinuses connected with the nose, pyelitis, decaying teeth, adenoids and deformitiesof the jaw and nose. Chronic disease of the tonsils and sinuses connected with thenose are said to be "the most common of the diseases causing malnutrition inchildhood." "Decaying teeth often cause malnutrition." "Adenoidsand deformities of the jaw and nose are the most common of the deformities whichproduce malnutrition." Tuberculosis is not considered a common cause of malnutritionin childhood.

    Morse, Wyman and Hill say of malnutrition due to these causes:"The remedies are obvious: removal of diseased tonsils and teeth and of theadenoids, treatment of the sinuses and pyelitis, and correction of the deformities."This is a surgical program and is aimed at effects, not causes.

    K. B. Rich, in a report of the work of the educational authoritiesin the Chicago Elementary Schools, showed that the treatment of enlarged tonsils,adenoids, carious teeth, and flat-foot was ineffectual in over-coming malnutrition,although the program had been undertaken with great expectations of success. Freshair, sun shine, exercise, an improved diet and cleanliness were then tried and theseproved effective.

    Decay of the teeth is due to malnutrition. So is tuberculosis.So are most deformities of the nose and jaw. The medical profession is so in thehabit or getting the cart before the horse--of converting an effect into the cause--thatthey do it unconsciously. Take the one factor of decay of the teeth. This is so unmistakablyan effect of faulty nutrition that we can hardly excuse those who say that the toothdecay causes faulty nutrition.

    In the discussion of the "social causes" we usuallyfind more evidence of intelligence, although the treatment of these causes seldomgoes far enough, due to the fact that our universities and research institutionsare controlled by big business interests and to the further fact that these sameuniversities and research institutions are large stock holders in oil companies,mining companies, cotton mills, etc., and are deeply interested in the dividendsof these. It is, therefore, more profitable to these institutions to vivisect animals,study germs, and endorse serums and surgery than it would be to tell the truth aboutthe social causes of disease, where this might tend to decrease the incomes of thesebig business concerns.

    Under social causes we find listed lack of fresh air andsunlight, too hot or too cold houses, mental over fatigue and physical over fatigue.Physical over fatigue is said to be due, usually, to too much hard play. The morethan two million children employed in poorly ventilated, poorly lighted mills, factoriesand sweat shops in this great land of "progress" and prosperity" arenot likely to play too hard.

    There is no condemnation of the crowded slums of our largercities, where sun shine and fresh air are lacking. There is no condemnation of thelow wages, high rents, and other economic factors that prevent parents giving theirchildren the benefits of resin air and sunshine. Any one who would condemn thesethings would immediately be denounced as a "red," and it would be assertedthat Moscow had paid him to say such ugly things about our "glorious Americaninstitutions."

    Other "social causes" are insufficient sleep, dueeither to excitement or improper food, or to the premature abandonment of naps andrests or to not putting the child to bed early enough; too much study, neglect athome, family friction, unsuitable books and stories, too many parties, movies, longautomobile rides, and too much other such excitement or improper amusement.

    To these causes, let me add nagging, scolding and whippingand slapping of children, overclothing, too much handling, especially of infants,smoking by older members of the family in the house, drugs, serums, vaccines, surgicaloperations, etc.

    "The remedy," say Morse-Wyman-Hill, "is, ofcourse, a simple rational, not too strenuous life, without undue excitement, andwith plenty of fresh air and sunshine." The remedy must go beyond this prescription.It must take the children and their mothers out of the mills and sweat shops; itmust remove them from the slums and crowded tenements; it must supply these childrenwith an atmosphere of love and kindness. It must supply them with houses that arenot "too hot or too cold." It must keep them out of the hands of the surgeonsand the pus punchers and serum squirters.

    Under "dietetic causes" is mentioned "improperfood" rather than a "lack of food." This means that the child is fedon foods that are inadequate in one way or another and do not supply the child'sbody with all of the needed food elements. Without indulging in the customary stereotypedchin music about "calory requirements," "balanced diet," "proteinneeds," "fat needs," "accessory foods or vitamins," etc.,let me say that this means that the child is fed on white flour and its products,degerminated and demineralized corn meal, denatured cereals, pasteurized and cannedmilk, sulphured and canned fruits, jellies, jams, white sugar, candies, ice cream,cocoa, chocolate, soda fountain slops, cooked vegetables, mashed potatoes, pies,cakes, crackers, cookies, etc., to the exclusion of fresh raw fruit, fresh raw greenvegetables, fresh raw milk (preferably its mother's milk), raw nuts, and whole grains,if grains are to be used. I have discussed cod-liver oil elsewhere.

    A child may be eating foods containing all the food elementsrequired, and yet, due to indigestion from over eating or from any of the above mentioned"social causes," not be able to digest and assimilate its food. Many casesof malnutrition are due to this cause. Undernourishment from over eating is commonin our oftfed babies.

    Dr. Geo. S. Weger rightly says that an: "Overcrowdednutrition means starvation, whether it be in the infant that is fed more becauseit cries from already having had too much, or in the adult who gluttonizes becausehe is drunk on food and craves more stimulation of the same sort." When parentsand physiclans accept this fact and act upon it, children will be more healthy andwill develop more beautifully.

    A common, but unrecognized, cause of innutrition is toxemiaresulting from impaired elimination. This toxic state of the blood and lymph is backof the chronic disease of the tonsils, adenoids and sinuses, which is listed as a"physical cause" of malnutrition. Toxemia deranges and perverts nutrition.It is due to anything that overtaxes the vital or nervous powers and checks elimination.

    There are all degrees of malnutrition ranging all the wayfrom a near-normal condition to a condition presenting all of the symptoms previouslydescribed and many more and worse conditions. Malnutrition lays the faulty anatomicfoundation of venous organic diseases in later life. The remedy is a complete overhaulingof the child's life--social and dietetic. See Feeding of Children.

    What are classed as nutritive, or deficiency diseaseshave two groups of causes--namely:

    1. Deficiencies in diet, either in quality or quantity, usually,except in famine districts, in quality.

    2. All of those factors and influences, whatever their natureand source, which render it difficult or impossible for the body to utilize the elementsof its food, even though the food is perfect.

    Dietitians and other such cooties rarely give any attentionto this second group of causes. They experiment with healthy animals and seldom seeany other factor than that of a studied and deliberately made dietary deficiency.They are easily misled by their one-sided, or as they call them, controlled experiments.

    In dealing with children and adults let us always keep inmind that we are not dealing with controls. The life of a human being, child or adult,is much more complex than that of any experimental animal in the laboratory. Hisenvironment is more varied, his contacts greater in number, the influences to whichhe is subjected more numerous, and the resources of his environment greater.

    Pregnant mothers that are fed on a good diet, if their nutritionis impaired by overwork, worry, fear, or other cause, will not be able to assimilatethe elements of their food and their babies will be born with the "seeds"of some deficiency disease "in their bones." The babies will then be fedup (stuffed) in an effort to force them to take on weight and their own weak nutritivemachinery will be so impaired that, in spite of an adequate diet, deficiency diseaseswill develop. Too much handling, drugging, and any other cause that debilitates theinfant and child will derange its nutrition suffciently to bring on nutritive disease.Indeed there is an element of nutritive disease present in every so-called disease.

    ANEMIA is a deficiency disease. It is characterized by alack of red blood cells, a lack of iron, a pale complexion, nervousness, often nightsweats and susceptibility to disease. Anemia may be due to hemorrhage from a woundor from an ulcer or tumor, etc., but this is not the type of anemia we are goingto deal with in respect to children.

    In children anemia is due to a lack of proper food, or toan inability to assimilate the food, or to both factors combined. There is a gradualdecline of the body's power to produce red blood cells due to imperfect nutrition--alack of food iron or an impairment of the nutritive processes. In all such casesit is as important that the child's power to assimilate iron, sometlmes more important,be restored, as that it be fed foods rich in iron.

    In my Human Life, It's Philosophy and Laws and inmy The Regeneration of Life, I have emphasized the value of fasting in bloodrejuvenation. Readers of these two books know that I especially claim for the fastgreat virtue in anemia. I am glad that I can quote Dr. Wm. H. Hay in confirmationof these things. In Health Via Diet, Dr. Hay tells of treating 101 cases ofprogressive pernicious anemia, during twenty-one years, by fasting, correct dietand colonic irrigation. Of these 101 cases he says that 8 failed of initial recovery.Part of these recoveries were made permanent by right living. Some of those who relapsedresorted once more to the fast and recovered again.

    The first 13 cases of progressive anemia placed upon a fastby Dr. Hay recovered in from 2 weeks to longer. The with case, being in a dying conditionwhen she arrived, did not recover. Dr. Hay says: "The blood during a fast undergoesno visible changes as to cell count unless markedly abnormal when the fast is begunin which case there is a return to normal." ### "For most of two weeks(in pernicious anemia) the red, or erythrocyte, count continues to fall before thereis regeneration in the blood-making organs; then gradually the microscopic picturebegins to show new round erythrocytes with regular edges, no crenations or irregularities,and soon there is noticeable increase in number of these with gradual disappearanceof the adventitious cells present in the beginning.

    "Not unusually there is a gain during the succeedingtwo weeks that brings the total back to the normal five million erythrocyte count,even though this may have been at or below one million in the beginning."

    This blood regeneration, while fasting, is confirmed by otherinvestigators and practitioners and is not a matter to be longer questioned. Thevalue of the fast in all forms of anemia is beyond doubt. Dr. Hay says: "Progressivepernicious anemia is considered an incurable disease, and so the writer always regardedit, and it was a case of this kind that started serious thought in his mind beforehis own physical breakdown, thoughts that perhaps colored his view of his own recognizablyincurable state of disease." Does anyone imagine even for a second that fastingintroduces iron into the system. These improvements in the blood occur because thefast increases the body's power to utilize the food reserves it has on hand.

    CARE OF THE PATIENT: Children that are properly cared forfrom the moment of conception will never have anemia. Those that have been allowedto develop anemia should be given a short fast--three to five days; older childrenlonger--or a few days on orange juice and fed properly thereafter. Their whole lifeshould be adjusted into harmony with physiological requirements, as outlined in theother chapters of this book. Daily sun baths will be found to be very beneficialin improving nutrition.

    RICKETS: This is a constitutional disease characterized byimpaired nutrition and bone changes. It is confined to infancy. In this disease thereis considerable diffuse soreness of the body, slight fever, and profuse sweatingabout the neck and head. There is softening of the bones resulting in deformities,and considerable thickening of the cartilages and periosteum. The teeth are delayedand defective or fail to appear at all. The fontanels do not close. There are nervoussymptoms and sometimes convulsions. The liver and spleen are enlarged and the childhas a pot belly. The head is usually too large for the body.

    It will be noticed that in all cases of deficiency diseasesthere are artificial foods; pasteurized milk and lots of breads, breakfast cereals,cookies, cooked fruits and a derth of fresh (raw) fruits and green vegetables. Drs.Trall and Taylor pointed out seventy-five years ago that lack of sunlight, improperfeeding and bad hygiene are the causes of rickets. They overcame the condition byproper food, sun baths and improved hygiene. The medical profession has not caughtup with them yet.

    CARE OF THE PATIENT: The worst case of rickets I ever sawwas in a nine months old baby, brought to me in New York City, which had been undermedical care for about four months and had been growing progressively worse all thewhile. It had been fed the regulation medical diet, had been given codliver oil regularlyand had received regular exposures to the rays of an ultra-violet lamp, with theresult that it did not improve but grew worse.

    I had the oil poured into the sewer, the diet changed toraw milk and fruit juices (orange juice and grape juice), and sun baths given insteadof the lamplight bath. Marked improvement began at once and continued until aftera year the child was practically fully recovered--there still remained a slight bowin its legs.

    McCollum found that fasting has a beneficial effect in casesof rickets. This is old stuff to those of us who know fasting, and McCollum doesnot. Fasting properly done, promotes growth. If a salamander's tail is cut off itwill grow a new one. Fasting does not interfere with the regeneration. Prof. Morgulisfound that the tails grew slower during the fast than the tails of those salamanderswho did not fast. But he says: "when, after several weeks of starvation (hemeans fasting, only he does not know what he means), the salamanders having in themeantime lost one-fourth their original weight, they were fed once more, the regenerationof the tails was immediately improved and in the course of time ATTAINED OR EVENEXCEEDED IN LENGTH THE TAILS WHICH WERE CUT OFF." (Caps. mine.)

    Prof. Morgulis further says: "It has been repeatedlyemphasize ed that just as soon as an animal, which through acute or any other formof inanition lost weight, is given proper nourishment it commences to grow at a spectacularrate and in a comparatively brief period regains all it had lost or even increasesbeyond the original level. The rapid gain in weight is a manifestation of a vigorousprocess of growth. There is not merely an acumulation of reserve substance, but atrue growth in the sense defined previously. There is prolific cell multiplication,great expansion of the cells and a reaccumulation of reserves in the form of intracellular.and intercellular deposits of products of their metabolism. Nitrogen is retainedwith an avidity characteristic of the young growing organism. Frequently, IN A SHORTSPAN OF TIME AN INCREASE OF THE BODY MASS IS ACCOMPLISHED, WHICH REQUIRED YEARS OFNORMAL GROWTH TO BRING ABOUT. THE INANITION HAS PRODUCED A REJUVENATION OF THE ORGANISM.In the study of histological phenomena accompanying inanition it has already beenlearned that EXCEPT IN THE ADVANCED STAGES THERE IS SCARCELY ANY EVIDENCE OF TISSUEDEGENERATION. On the contrary, the cells remain intact though they loose a largeportion of their substance. In the keen competition which reigns in the organismsubjected to inanition the weaker and less essential parts of the cellular organismare sacrificed first, just as we have seen this to happen to the less essential partsof the entire organism. THE MORE VITAL PARTS REMAIN AND THE VITALITY OF THE CELLSAND THEIR VIGOR IS THEREBY IMPROVED. This seems to be the rationale of the invigoratingand rejuvenating effects of inanition. Biologically speaking, though the organismacquires no new assets it becomes stronger by ridding itself of liabilities. In theforegoing (see P. 200) it has been pointed out that the cell-nucleus ratio changesin such a manner as to increase the preponderance of the nucleus. Morphologically,therefore, THE CELLS COMPOSING THE ENTIRE ORGANISM ASSUME A YOUTHFUL CONDITION. Theyresemble more the embryonic cell in this respect, and this may account for the expansivegrowth which they display under the proper nutritive regime." (Cap. mine.)

    Prof. Morgulis further says: "Further experiments performedwith the salamander demonstrated that the growth impulse and not the quantity offood consumed plays the leading role. These experiments substantiated the idea thatgrowth which ensues after a preliminary inanition is not unlike embryonic growthin its intensity. It is well to bear in mind that the reduced size of the cell, orrather the altered cell- nucleur ratio, is probably in some way responsible for thevigorous growth process, and that the rejuvenesence of the organism is dependentupon this condition. Many years ago Kagan observed that following 17 days of completeinanition rabbits gained 56 per cent in weight on a diet which could just barelymaintain a state of equilibrium in the normal condition."

    I have seen this same thing in patients in hundreds of instancesand so has every other fasting advocate. But Prof. Morgulis cuts himself off fromall the literature on "therapeutic" fasting and refers to us as "amateurs"and "enthusiasts." Carrington is the only man of our school he will condescendto notice and, good as it assuredly is, Carrington's book is far from complete.

    In connection with the phenomena of increased growth aftera fast, even without excess of food, Thompson and Mendel found that a period of suppressedgrowth, due to under-feeding, is followed by increased growth when better food isgiven, and that the acceleration of growth following this suppression, is ordinarilyaccomplished on less food than is consumed during a period of equal growth at normalrate from the same initial weight.

    These facts should certainly encourage mothers not to overfeedtheir babies, for overfeeding certainly stunts growth.

    SCURVY: This was the first condition to be recognized asa nutritive disease. It was very common among sailors and passengers in the daysof sail boats with their salt pork diet. The first "remedy" found was lemons.

    In this disease there is swelling and tenderness of the joints,gums and jaws. There is, in severe cases, spontaneous fracture of the bones and lossof teeth. There are also hemorrhages in the limbs and frequently into the intestinaltract, if the condition is not remedied.

    Pasteurized and canned milks are among the potent causesof this condition. So also are cereals, especially the denatured ones, and saltedand canned meats. Cooking foods, even the best of them, greatly reduces their antiscorbuticqualities, or destroys them altogether. Foods dried at a high temperature also losetheir antlscorbutic properties.

    The present white-flour- white-sugar- meats- denatured-cereals-pasteurized-milk diet keeps the whole population in a mild state of chronic scurvyor near scurvy. We usually eat just enough fresh fruits and green vegetables to keepus from becoming markedly scorbutic. But we are never as healthy and sound as weshould be.

    Over seventy years ago Dr. Trall declared that "Allgood fresh fruits and vegetables are antiscorbutic." In those days and untilquite recently, the medical profession taught that fruits and vegetables were notvaluable as foods, and advised against their use. They are beginning to catch-upwith Trall and Graham--they even dare to tell us now that yeast, eggs, and milk (cow'smilk) are not of "therapeutic value" in scurvy.

    Fruits and leafy vegetables are the great antiscorbutic foods.Mother's milk will be antiscorbutic if she eats an abundance of these and is in healthherself.

    Prof. H. C. Sherman, of Columbia University, says: "Inthe Orient, where very little milk is available to the majority of the people, greenvegetables, rich in calcium and vitamins, largely take its place."

    Y. G. Chen, an oriental student, tells us that green vegetablesare five times as prominent in the diet of the Chinese as in the average Americandiet.

    Americans are beginning to eat fruits and vegetables also,despite the opposition of the medical profession with its calories, white flour andmeat, and despite the opposition of the meat packers. Not even the great Brisbanecan stop them. Graham and Trall started a dietary reform that cannot be stopped.

    Morse-Wyman-Hill tell us that the artificially fed baby shouldhave orange Juice and that "one tablespoonful of orange juice daily is usuallysufficient and a tablespoonsful always sufficient to prevent the development of scurvy."Now, who wants to barely keep their child on the health side of the "dead line?"Who does not want his child to have better health than this will insure? Scurvy doesnot exist, in the medical mind, until it is severe enough to produce recognizablephysical signs. The initial stages back of these signs mean nothing to medical men;to your child they mean impaired health and future suffering. Build in your childa state of positive health which will assure it freedom from all so-called disease.

    The scorbutic diathesis (tendency to scurvy), says Dr. Page"is induced by deficiency of vegetable food," especially grainsand fruits, in the mothers diet, "the milk secreted being deficient in certainvital constituents." This statement was published in 1882, long before medicalmen began to recognize such facts. Mother's milk is made from her blood and whereher food does not contain the essential constituents, nature takes these out of herown tissues. But this weakens her and impairs her health. The milk is of poor qualityand deficient in quantity.

    Most if not all the so-called hereditary diseases are duenot to heredity, in its scientific sense, but to faulty pre-natal nutrition. A farmerwho would not think of working a mare in fold, does not hesitate to permit his wifeto work herself to exhaustion and kill her children. But this is not heredity. Ido not believe that there are any hereditary diseases and I do not believe that anyamount of statistical studies can ever prove that there are. Statistics show results,not causes.

    Catlin tell us that: "in England there are (were) somethinglike 35,000 idiots and lunatics, 17,000 deaf and dumb, and 15,000 hunch-backs, andabout an equal proportion of these mental and physical deformities in the other civilizednations of the Earth!" He says that other than the defects above named, curvatureof the spine, nightmare, polypus of the nose, malformation and premature decay ofthe teeth, toothache, tic-douloureaux, rheumatism, gout, and many others are affections"to which the Brute creations are strangers, and to most of which the SavageRaces are but little subject. "

    In one Indian tribe of 2,000 souls he learned from the chiefs"that there was not an instance of Idiocy or Lunacy--of crooked spine(or hunch-back), of Deaf and Dumb, or other deformity of the disabling kind."He found the same among the Pawnee-Picts, the Kiowas, the Kaskaskias, the Winnebagoes,the Osages, and others. He says: "Among two millions of these wild people whomI have visited, I never saw or heard of a Hunch- back (crooked spine), thoughmy inquires were made in every tribe nor did I ever see an Idiot or Lunatic amongthem, though I heard of some three or four during my travels, and perhaps of as manyDeaf and Dumb."

    These evidences of perfection in the Indian were not dueto heredity, as the conditions of present day Indians show, but to good nutritionand a near-natural life. Indian mothers did not eat denatured foods.

    TUBERCULOSIS is developed out of the same systemic derangementas are scurvy, rickets, and anemia. It is aided and abetted by so-called scientificcare and treament. It develops out of the same "enervated, toxemic and putresence-infected"and malnourished body-soil.

    All over the land we see posters, large and small, advisingus to "Protect Them (children) From Tuberculosis." Stop and read the advicegiven and you are advised as follows: "Keep them away from sick people;""Insist on plenty of rest," "Train them in health habits;" "Consultthe doctor regularly."

    There are two million child laborers in the United States.Try and "insist on plenty of rest" for these, if you are seriously deliriousof ascertaining how little big business cares about the welfare of children. I neversee any protests by the National Tuberculosis Association, which is responsible forthese posters, against child labor. Like all good ruling class organizations, itconveniently closes its eyes to the social and economic causes of disease.

    The under-nourished children of the poor, the poor, unfortunatechildren of America's huge standing army of unemployed (Think of the shame of employingtwo million children in mills and factories and letting millions of men walk thestreet week after week in search of employment!), are the ones who are in greatestdanger of tuberculosis. The children of the poor in the crowed almost sunless slumsand tenement districts of our larger cities are not likely to derive any benefitfrom these posters.

    "Consult the doctor regularly" is advice intendedto increase the doctor's business. It is not intended to prevent tuberculosis. Doctorsknow so little about its prevention and cure that they and members of their familiesfrequently develop the condition and die. The tubercular sanitariums contain manyphysicians suffering with tuberculosis. When they learn how to prevent tuberculosis,let them demostrate it by preventing it among the members of their own professionand among the families of these numbers.

    That they do not expect their advice to prevent tuberculosisis evidenced by the great emphasis they place upon frequent examinations by the physician.In effect they say to us, follow our advice and then come to us frequently in orderthat we may discover, in its incipiency, the disease thereby produced.

    They take the same stand in this matter of tuberculosis thatthey do with regard to the teeth. They say brush your teeth often and keep them cleanand visit your dentist often, so that he can discover the cavities early and plugthese at so many $ $ $ $ a plug.

    Why will people continue to care for children by methods,which they know and those who advocate and exploit such methods know, will not preservethe health of their children? They stuff their children on milk and denatured foods,because the doctors tell them to do it, and then they allow these same doctors tostuff them even more on the same milk and denatured foods in an effort to cure theresulting tuberculosis.

    Prof. Morgulis says: "As a social phenomenon malnutritionis not simply a matter of insufficient or improper nourishment; it is the sinistercombination of blighting influences of poverty--over-crowding, under-clothing, unhealthyand un-hygienic environment. Here is the fertile soil on which tuberculosis reapsits ghastly harvest."

    Tuberculosis is largely an outgrowth of social injustice--oflow wages and high prices and unemployment. It is an outcome of the rent, interestand profit system that robs millions of workers in order to make one millionaire.It will be with us until a social and economic revolution sweeps away the evils thatinhere in the capitalistic system and a more rational and more human system has takenits place.

    Efforts are made to prevent tuberculosis by tampering withthe milk supply of infants. They feed infants milk from tubercular cows and expectto make it good nutriment by pasteurizing it. It can't be done. Such milk is inadequatebefore it is pasteurized and becomes more so through pasteurization. McCann, in defenseof pasteurization, says: "bovine tuberculosis is transmissible to the childnot only through milk, but through pot cheese, ice cream, butter and raw meat, suchas the uncooked bolognas common throughout the United States."

    To use a vulgar slang, this is a lot of bologna. This ideawas hatched in the brain of Robert Koch, of tuberculin fame. But Koch later recanted.After numerous experiments he came to the conclusion that he had been mistaken andconcluded that "the bacillus of bovine tubercle was innocuous to mankind."But the medical profession and the dairymen would have nothing to do with his recantation.They had "traced" tuberculosis to the cow and it had to stand. They refusedto admit that their "tracings" were incorrect.

    The prevention of tuberculosis is fresh air, an abundanceof sunshine, wholesome outdoor play, plenty of fresh fruits and green vegetables'cleanliness and plenty of rest and sleep. This is also the remedy. And this meansthat tuberculosis will neither be prevented nor remedied for some years to come.

    MALNUTRITIONAL EDEMA is a dropsical condition of the tissueswhich results from long continued undernutrition. It is seen in famine districtsand was common in Germany and other of the Central Powers, during the war. Many ofthese cases died. This condition is never produced in patients during even the mostprolonged fast.

    MALNUTRITION AND RACIAL DEGENERACY: I have repeatedly declaredmy lack of faith in the ancient belief in hereditary disease. This declaration onmy part usually brings down upon my head a storm of protest and often abuse. In 1922,while teaching dietetics in the American School of Naturopathy, in New York City,I endeavored to explain to one of the professors the difference between intra-uterineinfection and a hereditary disease and was greatly amused by having this infallibledignitary get a bit excited and hurry out the door, calling back while on the wayout: "I don't want to listen to such non-sense." Four years later, havingcalmed down somewhat, this same professor listened to the same explanation with patienceand interest and remarked: "Perhaps you are right."

    In the same year (1922), when the professor ran out on me,Prof. Thomas Hunt Morgan, of Columbia University, said: "There is a growingimpression that a good deal of feebleminedness and insanity are environmental ratherthan hereditary traits; poverty, malnutrition, and especially syphilis are said toplay a considerable role in their production. It is unsafe, therefore, to concludethat the human germ-plasm is as badly contaminated as some pessimists seem to think."

    Prof. Morgan, ever the cautious scientist, never goes asfar as he should for fear that he will go to far. Why not tell the whole truth andsay that, while human germ-plasm may be somewhat weakened, it is not tainted or contaminated?We may as well understand, also, that human germinal weaknesses are not insurmountableand that with intelligent care, these may be completely overcome in three to fourgenerations.

    A special study of the effects of malnutrition on schoolchildren was made by Dr. Blanton, who was stationed at Thier, Germany, with the AmericanExpeditionary Forces. He found that malnutrition had produced a marked lowering ofscholarship and that pupils previously remarkable for their superior work were doingpoor work. A loss of nervous energy and a marked increase in the number of "borderline" cases of mental defectives resulted from malnutrition. There was frequentimpairment of the nervous coordination involved in good speech. The number of childrenwith poor, lisping, slurring speech was markedly increased. Lack of nervous and mentalenergy, poor comprehension and poor memory for school work, general nervous restlessnessduring school hours and inattention are listed as specific changes caused in thechildren by malnutrition. He found, also, that in more than five per cent of thetotal school population, the amount of injury sustained by the nervous system wasenough to permanently affect the intelligence. Children who fail in their studies,who are stubborn and manifest an antipathy towards learning, suffer from malnutrition.Malnutrition is the greatest single cause of "repeaters" in the publicschools.

    Blanton thinks that resistance to the blighting effects ofmalnutrition depends on the nervous strength and intelligence of the original stock.Prof Morgulis cautiously points out, in reply to this, that, "when one recalls,however, that children received at orphan asylums and other charitable institutions,coming from the strata of society where existence has always been more or less precarious,were generally about 30 per cent below standard weight, it seems at least reasonablydoubtful if the five per cent of permanently injured in intelligence children arenecessarily of tainted heredity. Malnutrition of some degree is invariably associatedwith poverty and poverty did not originate with the World War but has merely becomeextensive under its impetus. It is only natural that those whose physical staminahad been undermined even before the war should have crumbled under the additionalstrain of war-time parsimony and want."

    Faulty nutrition rather than tainted germ plasm is the explanationfor most of the ills attributed to heredity. There are other causes, such as poisoning,injury, etc., to account for the other cases. We may completely rule out the medievaldragon, syphilis, but we cannot rule out the mercury sent to slay this mythical monster.Alcohol is known to weaken the germ plasm. No doubt many other poisons do likewise.I know of no reason why the systemic derangements of mother and father cannot impairthe germ plasm, but I am convinced that if this impairment is great, the germ-plasmwill either not be able to produce a new being or will produce one that is too weakto live. Certainly, in spite of nature's protective safe-guards, profound and lastingtoxemia in a pregnant woman will result, not alone in malnutrition in the fetus,but in a greater or lesser degree of poisoning as well. Such cases are not examplesof true heredity at all. They do not result from a change in the germinal constitutionbut from extraneous influences which bring about nutritive and chemical changes inthe cells--germinal or somatic.

    A lack of sunlight has been shown to weaken the germ cellsof plants so much that they soon ceased to be able to reproduce themselves. Plantsgrown in poor soil produce fewer and smaller seed than those grown in fertile soil.Such seed, even when planted in good soil, give rise to smaller plants and seed thanthose of the normal seed.

    Defective nutrition, particularly in childhood and youth,not only causes defects and troubles that persist throughout life, but affect alsothe offspring of the child after he or she has grown up. Upon this point Dr. TaliaferroClark, expert in child feeding for the United States Public Health Service says:"Underfeeding in certain esential food elements to a degree not necessarilyaccompanied by evidences of ill health or the production of pathological change,when continued from generation to generation will cause marked changes in hereditarycharacteristics."

    Dr. Clark quotes definite experimental proof showing thatrats, when fed for several generations on a slightly deficient diet, produce offspringthat, even when fed a complete diet, do not thrive as well as rats that possess wellfed ancestors. In addition to this he gives evidences from observation on human beingsthat reveal the same thing. It is evident that a defective diet impairs the germ-plasmto some extent and thus injures the offspring. It is obvious, of course, that a defectivediet eaten by the pregnant mother will injure the offspring. Proper feeding shouldbegin, then with our great-great-grand parents--or, to put it the other way around,if "civilized" peoples continue to eat denatured foods, each succeedinggeneration of our posterity will be more defective and ailing and shorter lived.

    Fortunately, these changes being quantitative and not qualitativedo not change the hereditary constitution and, if their causes are removed, disappearin one or two generations. Indeed, Nageli found that plants which have acquired certainadaptative modifications by living on the Alpine heights since the "ice age,"lose these characters perfectly during their first summer in the low lands."If ages do not serve to fix apparently hereditary beneficial charcters, a few generationscertainly will not fix harmful characters.

    Prof. Morgulis says: " a striking example of wrechedphysique resulting from the wretchedness of living condition is presented by theJews of Poland. Their physical strength, their muscular power has diminished in eachsucceeding generation; their blood is poor, their stature is small, shoulders andchest narrow. Many have an emaciated pallid look, and show signs even of racial declineand degeneracy. Held back by various disabilities, crowded into the Jewries of Poland,with limited opportunities for gaining a livehhood, they have literally been thevictims of malnutrition for generations. Their poor constitutions, physical frailtyand stunted growth make them manifestly unfit for heavy work. Leroy-Beaulieu saysof them, "few races have so many men who are misshapen and deformed, disabledor hunchbacked, so many who are blind, deaf-mutes, or congenital idiots." Closeinbreeding owing to marriages between near relatives can hardly be held responsiblefor this physical degeneracy. The inbreeding only accentuates the evils of age-longconfinment, lack of exercise, lack of pure air, lack of healthy social environmentand above all else, lack of wholesome nutriment. The role played by malnutritionin producing racial deterioration of the mass of Jews especially in the Polish ghettoescan be best appreciated from the fact that investigation of their living conditionshas shown that they were so poor that for generations they subsisted on nourishmentbelow the actual minimum requirement. Tchubinski actuallv found that the Jews ofLittle Russia and Poland consumed less food than either their Greek Christian orPolish Catholic neighbors. Transferred to a less forbidding environment the inherentrecuperative powers of the organism under favorable nutritive conditions show remarkableeffects already in the first or second generation."

    Dr. Abraham Myerson says of the descendent of the Russianand Polish Jews who migrate to America, "he becomes a follower of sports"and "the remarkable rise of the Jewish prize fighter stands out as a divergencefrom tradition and mocks at theories of inborn racial characteristics."

    Eugenic fanatics who desire to save the race by breedingspecialized types (the so-called "improved" types), as the farmer doeshis cows and sheep, by forbidding the unfit to bread, may not welcome these disconcertingfacts. They have been preaching a doctrine of heredity, a breeding-stable salvationand a surgical program, which is welcomed by the commercialists. All their breedingexperiments have never shown anything; other, than that, animals produce "aftertheir kind" in the broad sense that one species never produces another species.Heredity is the transmission from one generation to the next of germinal characters.Absolute uniformity is possible only if we view heredity in its broader sense anddo not attempt to restrict it to details.

    It is not proven and not provable that degeneracy is hereditary.True, there is ample statistical "evidence" that degeneracy is hereditary,but statistics give results not causes. It can be shown statistically that the childrenof criminal parents are ten times as likely to be criminals as are the children of"normal" citizens. But it can also be shown that children of criminal parentsare a hundred times more likely to be born in an environment which breeds crime,than are the children of "normal" parents. The child's social inheritanceis the determining factor. A child of Catholic parents is many times more likelyto be a Catholic than is the child of Protestant parents; but surely no one willmaintain that religion is hereditary.

    All existing degeneracy has a cause and that cause is notheredity, for heredity is not a cause of anything. When degeneracy increases fromgeneration to generation, it is for the reason that its cause remains uncorrected.When it diminishes with each generation this is because the cause has been removed.No other explanation is logically tenable. Eugenists and geneticists have known verylittle about the evils of malnutrition and they have cared less; for they have beenpreaching a doctrine of aristocracy and capitalism and have frowned on any hint thatthere are any reasons other than inherent "superiority" and "inferiority"for the differences between the upper and lower strata of society.

    Chronic undernourishment is not only incompatible with thehighest enjoyment and the greatest productive and creative abilities, but it cripplesthe very functions that perpetuate the species. There is a marked repression of thenormal sex impulses. In Germany, during the war, when her people were very inadequatelyfed, sexual desire was greatly diminished in the men and menses ceased in large numbersof women.

    Animal experiments along this line have shown the same thing.Leo Loeb subjected guinea pigs to chronic undernourishment and reduced them 20 to30 per cent below normal weight. Atrophic changes occurred in the ovaries while nofollicles matured under such circumstances. He found the condition of the ovariesto be "entirely incompatible with ovulation and the normal course of the sexualcycle."

    Animals fed, by Reynolds and Macombe, on a diet deficientin protein, calcium and "vitamins," developed partial or complete sterility.Evans and Bishop discovered that a diet deficient in "vitamin A" resultsin a prolongation of the changes incident to the period of "rut" and afailure of ovulation in rats.

    It should be quite obvious that such results are not confinedto the ovaries and testicles, but that they reach the germ plasm and injure thisalso. Here then is a real cause of degeneracy which eugenists persist in overlooking.

    Germinal injury must result in somatic defect, but germinalregeneration will occur if the causes of the injury are removed. It is quite probablethat the power of regeneration is greater in the germ-plasm than in the somaplasm.If we are to prevent degeneracy we must discover and remove the initial causes ofdegeneracy. For, even granting that degeneracy is transmissible, it certainly cannotexist without cause. The causes of degeneracy, if no: corrected, will produce a newcrop of degenerates each generation, despite the watchfulness of eugenic breedersof man.

    THE REMEDY: What can be done for children whose growth hasbeen retarded through deficient food and other unfavorable conditions? Can they attainnormal development? Can they fully recover from their abnormal conditions? Theseare important questions. Their answers depend on how much damage has been done andhow early and how completely the remedy is applied.

    Experiments on animals and observations on children and adultshave shown that when the environment is rectified and the food supply rendered adequate,there follows rapid growth and development, so that, despite a prolonged retardationof growth, full size may ultimately be attained. In the case of some organs, as theregenerating tail of the salamander, they may actually grow larger than those inwhom there has been no retardation of growth. In many animals a prolonged periodof stunting is followed by an increase in weight and even of size which takes placeat a more rapid rate. The first experience I ever had with this phenomenon was overtwenty years ago, when I bought a pig, the smallest and poorest in a litter of tenpigs--a "runt." When I gave her adequate food she rapidly passed her brotherand sister pigs of the same litter. Ten weeks of partial "starvation" wasfollowed by rapid growth and development. The same fact has been repeatedly observedin experimental animals in the laboratory.

    Shapiro choloformed some kittens twice a day. In this wayhe was able to retard and even bring to a complete standstill their growth. But assoon as the chloroforming was discontinued growth activity was renewed with increasedvigor so that the stunted kittens soon caught up, in weight, with the control kittenswhich had not been chloroformed. The temporary retardation of growth was at leastgreatly compensated for by an acceleration of growth. Aaron found, in the case ofrats, that if the stunting of growth is continued until they attain to an advancedage, the rats will not attain normal size, although they do increase in stature andweight following improvement of their food.

    At this point let me remind you that defective developmentdue to germinal weakness, brought about by malnutrition, is not eradicated in onegeneration. Two, three, or four generations are required. There is experimental evidencefor believing that malnutrition during childhood and infancy leaves a permanent markon the germ plasm, even where the nutrition of the child is later improved, and thechild attains normal development.

    It is also necessary to point out that, while the stuntedanimal attains normal size and weight, he does not alway, if indeed he ever does,attain a normal condition of his tissues. These are "not entirely free fromthe stigma of partial inanition. Their brain and spinal cord had a higher per centof water and a lower per cent of alcohol-ether extractives (lipinis)". The tell-taleevidences of early malnutrition are probably carried with individuals throughouttheir lives, even though they appear to be normal in every respect.

    The famous anthropologist, F. Boas, after making an extensivestudy of the growth of children in the various strata of society, says: "Itseems very likely that the abnormally large amount of energy expended upon rapidgrowth during a short period is an unfavorable element in the individual development.A study of the phenomena of growth of various groups of the same population has shownthat early development is a concomitant of economic well-being, and that a characteristicof the poor is the general retardation in early childhood, and the later rapid growth.it follows from this that there is a corresponding, although not equal, retardationin early mental development, and crowding of development processes later on, thatprobably place a considerable burden on the body and mind of the poor, which thewell fed and cared for do not bear. The general laws of growth show also that a retardationof growth kept up for an unduly long period cannot be made up in the short periodof rapid growth; so it would seem that, on the whole, excessive retardation is anunfavorable element in the growth and development of the individual. Whether thereare similar disadvantages in a considerable amount of early acceleration is not clear."

    Boas also says: "Among the poor, the period of diminishinggrowth which precedes adolesence is lengthened and the acceleration of adolesencesets in later. The whole period is less than the amount of growth attained duringthe shorter period of growth of the well-to-do." "The whole group of thepoor are, at any given time, physiologically younger than the well-to-do."

    Figures gathered in Germany from the public schools and gymnasiumsshow that children of the middle class have a distinct advantage over children ofthe poor. Figures from France, Italy, Spain and England show that this advantageis permanent.

    From these things, we conclude that those conditions favoringa moderately early development, are advantageous to the well-being of both the mindsand bodies of children and the resulting adults. This seems to be at variance withthe notion of Sir John Fiske that there is a causal relationship between the prolongedinfancy of the race and progress. It is not in full harmony with the theory that"the highest civilizations and a prolonged adolescence are found together; maturityamong savages comes at an earlier age, and the process is of shorter duration."

    While much can be done to overcome the effects of malnutrition,if we begin early enough, the real remedy is prevention. In many homes this callsnot alone for education, but for the removal of poverty.

    Profesor Morguls rightly says, "prolonged retardationof growth among children is not merely an effect of undernourishment but of poverty,and poverty is a social and not a nutritional condition. Poverty means poor nourishmentbut it spells in even bolder type: squalor, putrid air, want of hygiene. Like poverty,retarded growth is therefore a sociological problem. It usually results from themost insiduous form of deficient diet--malnutrition."

    Here is a social problem that capitalism has proven whollyunable to cope with. Even while the republican wing of our capitalistic ballahooartists is screaming the loudest about "prosperity," poverty and want areabroad in the land. When business is shut down from over-production thereare thousands suffering from under-consumption. The periodic crises arisingout of over-production, which is the same as under-consumption, onlymakes it harder for these thousands. Someday we will revolutionize our social, economicand industrial life and remedy all of this.

    

    
CHAPTER XXII
THE ACUTE "INFECTIOUS" DISEASES OF CHILDHOOD

    
    "Children's diseases are reallyparent's mistakes," says Dr. Harry Clements (London), and this is very largelytrue. There are, of course, social and economic factors over which the poor havelittle or no influence, at least, not in their present unorganized state.

    It may be difficult for the average reader to grasp the thoughtthat parent's mistakes are responsible for the so-called infectious diseases of childhood.Few people have been able to disabuse their minds of the ancient notion, our heritagefrom our ignorant prehistoric forebears, that a so-called disease can be "caught"from someone else who has it. Morse-Wyman-Hill say, for instance; "measlesis a very contagious disease and almost every child coming into contact with anotherchild who has it, especially in the early stages, will develop it."

    This statement is false, as every informed person well knows.My two sons have been repeatedly in contact with measles, scarlet fever and whoopingcough. On one occassion they were visiting, for over a week, with a cousin who hadmeasles. They were in the room with him daily, even on the bed. More than a yearhas since passed and they have not developed the disease.

    It will be said they were immune. I agree. But what is immunity?Upon what does immunity depend? It is the Hygienic theory that Health is the onlyimmunity there is. Health depends on certain definite factors of hygiene--properfood, pure water. fresh air, sunshine, rest and sleep, mental poise and freedom fromall devitalizing habits--and not upon artificial and disease producing agents. So-calledartificial immunity is a snare and a delusion.

    Morse-Wyman-Hill say "the cause of measles is unknown."Of scarlet fever they say, "the exact cause of the disease is unknown."They are silent about the cause or causes of mumps, smallpox and chickenpox. Diphteriaand whooping cough are attributed to germs--which means that they do not know thecauses of these troubles.

    Despite their ignorance of the causes of these troubles theyknow all about caring for them and know how they are "caught." Their viewwas born in ignorance--and born a long long time ago. They know all about how longthe "incubation" period is in each of the troubles, but can't demonstratethat there is an "incubation" period.

    Close your eyes for a moment and imagine yourself standingback in the Garden of Delight when man and his helpmate were first raised from thedust of the earth and began to fill the earth. Follow the crowd down the stream oftime until the first of Adam's posterity developed the smallpox. There was no priorcase for him to catch it from. How, did he get it, or how did it get him,as you prefer? How did the first case of measles develop? How did the first caseof scarlet-fever, or mumps, or diphteria, or cholera, or bubonic plague, or Englishsweat, or typhus fever, or yellow fever develop? A true theory of cause will answerthese questions easily.

    When the true cause of these diseases is known, we will alsoknow, not only how the first cases developed, but how every subsequent case developed,for, every case of any so-called disease develops just alike. If the body of yourchild is in condition to develop scarlet fever, for instance, he will develop thatdisease if there is not another case in the world--this is the way the first casedeveloped. If the child is not in condition to develop the disease, it will not doso, even if there is a case in the same bed with him--there have been thousands ofcases like this.

    These things being true, it is up to parents to see thattheir children are properly cared for so that they will at all times be in perfectphysical condition. Don't depend on artificial measures to protect your child. Don'tgive any attention to the propaganda of private and public institutions and individualswho are financially interested in the promotion of vaccines and serums.

    The student will quickly notice that the following so calledcontagious diseases run a more or less definite and orderly course. They are as lawfulin their courses and development as any process in nature and tend unerringly towardsrecovery. They are said to be self-limited. This is because their causes are limited.As soon as the cause is eliminated the disease ends.

    Their cure is accomplished by the forces of the body. Thereare no cures which can be squirted into, rubbed on, or poured down the child.Never permit such things to be done to your child.

    By all means never let anything be done to reduce fever.Fever is a life-saver. Its suppression is always injurious. Sir Wm. Osler says, "Thecardiac (heart) complication of the disease (scarlet fever) are often latent,"and that, "It is not very uncommon to see cases of chronic Bright's diseasewhich date from an attack of measles."

    These cardiac complications and cases of Bright's diseaseare due to the suppressive treatment so commonly employed. Such treatment fools theuninformed and ignorant into thinking the patient is being cured, whereas,in reality he is being killed.

    
SMALLPOX

    Terror of the unenlightened! Nightmare of the Health Boards!God of the vaccine manufacturers! What crimes have been committed in thy name! Whatlies been told about thee!

    Sydenham, the English Hippocrates, who saw more of the old,virulent variola vera than all the now living physicians in this country togetherhave seen, said:

    "As it is palpable to all the world how fatal small-pox proves to many of all ages, so it is clear to me from all the observations that I can possibly make, that if no mischief be done, either by physician or nurse, it is the most safe and slight of all diseases." --The works of Sydenham; the Sydenham Society Edition.


    Sydenham differentiated smallpox from measles and introduceda saner method of treating smallpox than the one in vogue before his time, therebyreducing the case rate by more than one half and the death rate by more than 75 percent. Smallpox is safe and slight and beneficial. Cast away your superstitious fearsof this so-called disease.

    The eruptive diseases all represent eliminative efforts throughthe skin. Abundant proof of this has been given in my "Human life, It's philosophyand Laws." A little orthodox testimony about one of these conditions, howevermay be appropriate here. sir Wm. Osler, says, "If survived, an infection, suchas confluent smallpox, seems to benefit the general health." Sir Wm. Broadbentdeclares, "smallpox has been known to eradicate consumption." In the Lancet,London, Jan. 10, 1925, Dr. R. W. Jameson calls attention to the discharged smallpoxcases "obviously benefitted by their stay in the country hospital," whilst,"the so-called protected children are little bundles of misery with bad vaccinationarms." The benefits derived from such a cleansing are also seen following measles,scarlet fever, chicken-pox, etc. All are similar in character.

    Convulsive paroxysms, proving them to be due to poisoning,frequently precede the eruptive stages of small-pox, scarlet fever, measles, erysipelas,etc. These cease when the eruption comes out, proving the eruption to be an eliminatingmeasure.

    Smallpox, along with measles, scarlet fever etc., is commonlyreferred to in medical works as "disease of unknown origin." It is assumedto be due to germs, but the supposed causative germs have never been found.

    SYMPTOMS: The disease begins with a chill, or in children,often with a convulsion. This is followed by intense pain in the back and limbs andvomiting. The' temperature rises rapidly to 104 or more, the pulse is rapid and arestless delirium is quite common. A transitory rash, similar to that of measlesor scarlet fever, may next appear. On the fourth day the true smallpox rash develops.Bright red spots (macules) appear in the wrist and forehead, and in a fewhours on the face, limbs, and trunk. They soon become raised and feel like shot inthe skin (papules). When papules appear the fever abates and the patient feelsbetter. Two or three days after the rash appears the papules develop a cap of clearfluid and thus become vesicles. The fluid becomes yellow as the serum in thevesicles becomes pus, forming pustules.

    Notice the evolution of this disease. Chill, perhaps a convulsion,pains, vomiting, rapid pulse, restless delirium and a high fever, and then largequantities of toxin-laden blood thrown into the skin, causing redness. The toxinsare collected into circumscribed lumps, after which the temperature returns to nearnormal and the other symptoms practically cease.

    The pustles are surrounded by a narrow area of inflamed skin.The pustules begin first on the face and cover the body by the eighth day. The feverthen rises again--the "secondary fever of suppuration"--and the generalsymptoms return. The pustules dry down to crusts and these gradually drop off, beginningon the face on the fourteenth or fifteenth day of the disease. The "secondaryfever" may last twenty-four hours, but it usually is longer. When it ceases,convalescence begins . The crusts may and may not leave scars, "pits,"when they fall off. When the pustules are so thick that they coalesce the conditionis called "confluent" smallpox.

    In "hemorrhagic" (black) smallpox there are hemorrhagesunder the skin and into the eyes. There is bleeding from the mouth, nose, lungs,rectum, kidneys, etc., so great is the effort to get the poison out. These casesare very severe and often die before the papules develop.

    Smallpox is practically unknown in America today. Cases aremet with among negroes, Mexicans and Chinese. There are many conditions, such asivy poisoning, mosquito bites, chickenpox, amaas, cuban itch, wisse pocken, etc.,that are frequently diagnosed as smallpox. If a case of chicken-pox has no vaccinationscar it is smallpox. If a case of smallpox has a vaccination scar, it is chickenpox. Few cases now reported as smallpox are ever sick enough to go to bed. The mortalityfrom vaccination is much higher than that of smallpox. Vaccination injures thousandswhich it does not kill.

    In a paper entitled Smallpox--Its Differential Diagnosis,by Archibald L. Honey, M. D., read before the Northwest Branch Chicago Medical societyand published in the Illinois Medical Journal, June, 1923, the following wordsare found:

    "In examining a case of suspected smallpox, close observation is of the utmost importance. If the patient shows evidence of a typical vaccination scar of comparatively recent date, variola may be almost absolutely ruled out."


    In Osler's "Modern Medicine," (Vol. I, page853), William T. Councilman, M. D., referring to the differential diagnosis of chickenpoxand smallpox gives as the first differential point, "THE VACCINAL CONDITIONOF THE PATIENT."

    Health Boards, working in cooperation with the makers ofvaccine, stage frequent fake smallpox-scares to frighten people into being vaccinated.Numbers of these panics for profit have been exposed within recent years.

    The assertions that vaccination prevents smallpox and thatit is harmless will be discussed under the disease, Vaccinia.

    The vaccination of infants is a more serious thing than thevaccination of older children or adults. For instance the London Lancet, Jan.29, 1927 (P. 239), said editorially:

    "It is a mistake to suppose that all the opposition (to infant vaccination) Is due to lack of imagination or crankiness.

    "Vaccination at the age of six months inflicts an infectious disease on the child at a time when its digestive mechanism is being rapidly modified, and many reasonable people, although convinced that vaccination will prevent smallpox, think that the advantages of immunity do not outweigh the disadvantages of its production.

    "There is enough sense in the opinion ### to make universal and full vaccination of infants (as theoretically enforced by Parliment) impracticable at the present time."


    CARE OF THE PATIENT: The care of a patient with smallpoxis simplicity itself. So long as there is fever, nothing but water should be allowedto pass the patient's mouth. After the temperature is normal, while the eruptionis still present, if there is hunger, oranges or grapefruit or fresh, raw pineapplemay be given.

    The disease is as contagious as ingrowing toenails, and everycase must be quarantined. Fear of the disease must be kept up in the public, forit is only thus that the present farce can go on.

    Place the patient in a well-lighted, well ventilated room.Make him comfortable, see that his feet are warm and then let him rest. His bodyshould be sponged twice daily with luke-warm or slightly cool water for cleanliness.

    Itching will be slight if proper care is instituted at once.Scratching must be discouraged.

    Give the patient all the water to drink that is desired.But there is no good to be derived from forced water drinking.

    If the patient sleeps but little do not be disturbed overthis.

    Cared for as above, few cases will ever pit. The subsequenthealth will be much better than the prior state. Dr. Claunch declares smallpox tobe almost a cure-all.

    CONVALESENCE: If the patient is properly cared for duringthis illness, convalesence will be a joy. There will be no dangers. Under propercare there are no complication and squelae. There is no danger of a relapse

    The diet should be fruit for breakfast, fruit for noon anda large raw vegetable salad and a cooked non-starchy vegetable in the evening. Afterthe first week this may be changed to fruit for breakfast, a salad and cooked non-starchyvegetable and a starch at noon, and a salad, two cooked non-starchy vegetables anda protein in the evening.

    
MEASLES

    MEASLES begins with a "cold in the head," accompainedwith slight fever and malaise. These last from three to six days during which timethe patient feels wretched. Soon there follow headache, nausea, sometimes vomiting,and chilly feelings. The coryza is intense with cough and redness of the eyes andeye lids. The temperature rises and the skin, especially on the face, feels hot andtingling. The tongue is furred. The mucous lining of the mouth and throat is an intensered. Little blue dots may be seen on the inside of the cheeks.

    The skin rash develops on about the fourth day, starting,usually, on the forehead, then the face, then over the body generally. The eruptionbegins as little red spots, which increase greatly in number and are gradually arrangedin groups, sometimes in crescentric groups.

    The fever begins to fall on the fifth or sixth day and afine, bran-like desquamation (scaling) of the skin begins, which lasts from a fewdays to several weeks.

    BLACK MEASLES is a failure of the rash to "get out,"accompanied with hemorrhages under the skin. These cases are said to be usually fatal,perhaps largely as a result of the falure of the eliminative effort.

    COMPLICATIONS AND SEQUELAE: Under medical care these arechronic coryza, enlarged tonsils and adenoids, tuberculosis, laryngitis, otitis media,severe bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, severe inflammations of the mouth, Bright'sdisease, nose bleed, arthritis, menengitis, paralysis, and brain abscess. These mustall be the results of suppressive treatment, since they never develop under orthopathiccare. One medical author, in discussing the complications of measles says: "Hotdrinks should be given freely as these help to 'bring out the rash.' A sudden chillingsends the blood to the internal organs and may cause a congestion of the kidneys."This is evidence, from an orthodox source, that complications are due to suppressingthe eliminating effort through the skin--the rash.

    GERMAN MEASLES is described as "having the rash of measlesand the throat of scarlet fever." It begins with slight fever, headache, painin the back and limbs and coryza. On the first or second day the rash develops, beginningon the face and spreading, in twenty four hours, over the whole body. The rash, consistingof little pink raised spots, fades after two or three days. The fever is slight,the rash is diffuse and of a brighter color than ordinary measles.

    CARE OF THE PATIENT: Due to the persistence of the contagion-superstitionthese cases have to be isolated.

    The patient should be kept quietly in bed. The room shouldbe light and airy and fresh air should circulate in the room at all times. Medicalauthors say, "great care should be taken to keep him (the patient) from catchingcold, for broncho-pneumonia is to be feared as a complication of measles, and tuberculosisas a sequelae" This fear of "catching cold" from fresh air is moresupersutlon.

    The patient should be kept warm and not allowed to chill.Chilling checks elimination and retards recovery. If it is winter time a hot waterbottle, or other means of applying warmth to the body, should be placed at the feet.

    No food should be allowed until 24 hours after all acutesymptoms are gone. All the water desired may be given, but water drinking need notbe encouraged or forced on the theory that it flushes toxins out of the body. Anyway,nature has concentrated the toxins in the skin and has adopted unusual methods ofelimination. No drugs of any kind and no enemas are to be employed.

    A luke warm sponge bath twice a day, for cleanliness, shouldbe given. Antiseptics and alcohol are to be avoided. Do not use oil on the skin whenit begins to scale.

    Medical authors tell us that the room should be kept darkenedas the light hurts the child's eyes. This I have not found to be so. I always havethe room well lighted. I believe that the darkened room is more likely to injurethe eyes.

    The mouth and throat should be kept clean. Plain warm water,or warm water with lemon juice, or fresh pineapple juice will do for this purpose.Use no antiseptic gargles. Do not try to reduce or control fever.

    CONVALESENCE: This is a critical period if the patient hasbeen cared for medically. There is nothing to fear if the patient has been caredfor as above directed.

    Feeding should begin with orange juice, or grapefruit juice,or fresh pineapple juice, or fresh apple juice. This should be given as much as desired,for the whole of the first day. The second day, breakfast may be of orange or grapefruitor peaches in season. Lunch should be pears or grapes or apples in season. Dinnermay be a raw vegetable salad and one cooked non-starchy vegetable. The third daymay begin the normal diet, but in reduced amounts. By the end of the first week thepatient should be eating normally.

    The patient should remain in bed for at least twenty-fourhours after all acute symptoms have subsided. Physical activity should be mild atfist. Healthful living thereafter will maintain the improved health that has resultedfrom this house cleaning.

    
CHICKEN- POX

    In his Children's Ailments, Dr. Harry Clements repeatsa story that went the rounds of the English newspapers, telling about a man who wassuffering with tuberculosis being cured of the tuberculosis by a case of chicken-pox.He "caught" the chicken-pox and when he had recovered it was discoveredthat he was also cured of the tuberculosis. English medical men explained that thechicken-pox germs had destroyed the tuberculosis germs, and that by the "ill-wind"of the battle between these warring germs, the patient had been "blown somegood."

    An understanding of the orthopathic character of diseasewould have saved them from this absurdity. Chicken-pox is one of nature's most efficienthouse-cleaning processes. It is a curative process with few superiors.

    Chicken-pox (varicella) begins with a chill, vomitingand pain in the back. The rash develops within the fitst twenty-four hours of fever.As a result, the disease is mild. The rash begins as small red papules which developinto vesicles, but without, as in smallpox, the surrounding area of inflamed skin.In two days the fluid in the vesicles develop into pus. In two more days the pustulesdry to dark-brown cruts. These fall off without, as a rule, leaving a scar. Successivecrops of the eruptions develop at intervals of from one to four days, so that unlikesmall pox, all stages of the rash ate present at the same time. The eruption seldombegins on the face, but begins, usually on the trunk, back and chest. The pustulesnever coalesce.

    CARE OF THE PATIENT: This condition should be handled thesame as measles or small-pox. It is a mild disease, does not last long and is verycomfortable under hygienic methods.

    
SCARLET FEVER

    This disease was not considered dangerous until after theinvention of a prophylactic serum, whereupon it immediately became one of the worstscourges of childhood.

    The child becomes "suddenly" sick. In most casesthere is vomiting and, in children, often a convulsion. The temperature runs up onthe first day to 104 or 105. The face is flushed, the skin hot and dry, the tongueheavily coated and the throat is sore. On the second day, often on the first, therash develops. This appears as tiny red dots on a flushed surface, giving the skina vivid scarlet color. Beginning on the neck and chest, it spreads rapidly, coveringthe whole trunk in twenty-four hours. It is not really a "breaking out,"but is an intense congestion (erythema, or blushing) of the skin. The skin is swollenand tense and often there is intense itching. The redness disappears upon pressureand disappears after death, as the blood leaves the skin.

    One standard medical author tells us that "after theuse of belladonna, quinine, potassium iodide, or diphtheria antitoxin, there is sometimesa rash closely resembling that of scarlet fever. In septicaemia (blood poisoning)there may be a similar rash." The rash is a means of eliminating the drugs,serums (proteins) and septic matter. A condition so like scarlet fever that authoritiescan't agree whether it is or not, frequently follows surgical operations.

    The tongue, though coated, is very red on its edges. Thetaste-buds are swollen, producing the "strawberry" or "raspberry"tongue. In severe cases the throat, always sore, is covered with a membrane whichgreatly resembles that of severe diphtheria. Other symptoms are those common to allfevers.

    The rash begins to fade in two or three days and is completely:gone in four days to a week. I have never had a case to last over four days. Theskin peels off.

    COMPLICATIONS: Nothing condemns the prevailing medical methodslike the frequency with which complications occur in this disease. Acute nephritisdevelops in 10% to 20% of their cases and is regarded as the starting point for manycases of Bright's disease in later life. Arthritis, acute inflammation of the liningand investing membranes of the heart (endocarditis and pericarditis,) otitis media,often resulting in deafness, and other troubles develop so often as a direct resultof the suppressive methods employed that is is a crime to permit them to continue.I have never had a complication to develop in a single case I have treated.

    Dr. Arnold H. Kegel, Health Commissioner of Chicago, statedlast December, in one of his daily radio speeches to the citizens of Chicago: "TheChicago Board of Health has received numerous letters from parents asking whetherit would be advisable to have their children immunized against scarlet fever withserum."

    "We cannot assume the responsibility of advising parentsto use this serum as it is not in as good standing as it was a year ago. We havebeen forced to take this stand because of the many unhappy experiences which haveresulted from the use of this serum."

    Every serum goes through the experimental stage, during which"many unhappy experiences" result from its use. This does not prevent theHealth Boards from advising parents to submit their children to these things andto advocate a new one every time an old one is discarded. Toxin-antitoxin has producedmore "unhappy experiences" than any other serum ever used, for the reasonthat it has been more widely used. It is not in good standing in England. It hasbeen abolished by law in Austria, the land of its birth, because of the "manyunhappy experiences" which followed its use. In this country it is still beingindustriously and clamourously exploited.

    The true prevention of disease has nothing to do with vaccines,serums, antitoxins, drugs, operations, and the like. True prevention involves adequatefood, pure air, an abundance of sunshine, proper exercise, sufficient rest and sleep,cleanliness, mental poise, safety at work, and the absence of all devitalizing habitsand ruinous excesses. There is such a thing as being "scientifically ignorantthrough an excess of science." One may know too much that isn't so.

    From 1858 to 1923 the mortality in scarlet fever in New YorkCity was reduced, without the aid of serums, vaccines, antitoxins or toxin-antitoxins,from 155 per 100,000 population to 2 per 100,000. The rate in the city was givenin 1927 at 1 per 100,000 population. The Public Health Reports (U. S. PublicHealth Service), gives the mortality, in 45 states and the District of Columbia,for 1923, as 3 per 100,000. How easy it will be a few years hence, if this declinecontinues, to "prove over and over again," that the Dick test and scarletfever serum "wiped out" scarlet fever.

    CARE OF THE PATIENT: Properly handled these cases will befree of all rash in four days to a week. There will be no fever after the third dayand the illness will be so slight the: parents and friends will say the child wasnot very sick. And, indeed, he will not be very sick. It requires feeding and druggingto produce serious illness.

    These cases should be cared for just as advised for measlesand small-pox. Flannel gowns, employed by medical men, in scarlet fever, are notto be employed. These thing belong to the doctoring habit and are of no earthly value.

    
WHOOPING COUGH

    This is another germ disease caused by an unknown germ. Bordet,of France, thought he found a germ to cause the trouble and called it Baccillus Pertussis.

    This trouble is described in medical works as an acute bronchitis.We do not recognize it as a catarrhal affection at all. We regard it as a nervousaffection having its origin in disease of the cerebrum or the spine.

    The disease derives its name from the long drawn inspirationwith a "whoop" which follows a paroxysm of coughing. In ordinary coughingone inhales after each cough. In this condition the patient attempts the impossibletask of coughing from fifteen to twenty times during one expiration. Then he drawsin the air with a long-drawn inspiration, accompanied with a whoop. But little mucousis expelled and the whole action is evidently NERVOUS.

    The trouble begins with a dry, harrassing cough with no apparentexcuse for existing. For there is no irritation of the throat or lungs. For abouttwo weeks this spasmodic coughing continues when the characteristic whoop develops.The cough comes in paroxysms and is sometimes so hard that vomiting results. Thewhooping usually lasts about two weeks, then another two weeks are required for thetrouble to decline and end.

    During the paroxysms the veins swell, the face becomes blue,the eyes bulge out, their whites are "blood-shot," and the child looksas though it must suffocate.

    Swallowing, emotions, or even throat irritations may inducea paroxysm. Hearty eating is almost certain to result in a series of paroxysms. Thechild (it is usually a child) may have but a few or a hundred paroxysms a day. Childrenwho are otherwise in good physical condition appear to be as well as ever when theparoxysm ends.

    The only danger in this condition is the rupture of a bloodvessel. The violent paroxysms place a severe strain on the heart and blood vessels.Rupture into the eyes, ears, nose, lungs, brain or skin may occur. The hemorrhageinto the brain may result in paralysis or even sudden death. Bleeding from the noseand ears and occasionally from the lungs, occurs in a few cases.

    A child that sinks exhausted, becomes fretful and nervousand seemingly fearful of the paroxysm, and presents red spots on the forehead andin the white portion of the eyes is suffering with congestion of the brain and isin danger.

    The lungs are injured in rare cases by the severe paroxysmsof coughing. Sometimes they become emphysematous (dlstention of the lung tissue withair), sometimes they literally burst.

    Bronchopneumonia is a frequently fatal complication knownonly to medical practice.

    Voelker, in his Index to Treatment, says: "Thetreatment of whooping cough constitutes one of the reproaches of the art of medicine.We have no method by which we can shorten the disease, ### no specific for whoopingcough has yet been found. To all those I have tried (and they are over thirty innumber). the handwriting on the wall is literally applicable. 'Tekel' ('Thou artweighed in the balance, and art found wanting.')"

    Sir Wm. Osler agrees with this, saying: "The treatmentis notoriously unsatisfactory. Stock vaccines have been used for treatment with somebenefit. (sic) A few patients are promptly cured. (sic) Antiseptic measures havebeen extensively tried. Quinine holds its own with many practitioners; ### The useof benzoin inhalations is often helpful. For the catarrhal symptoms, moderate dosesof ipecac are probably the most satisfactory. Sedatives are by far the most trustworthydrugs in severe cases, and paregoric may be given freely, particularly to give restat night. Codeia and heroin in doses proper for the age often give relief. Jacobiadvises belladona in full doses, ### Other remedies, such as antipyrin and chloralhydrate may be tried. In older children and adults it would be worth while, I think,to try the intratracheal injections of olive oil and iodoform which are sometimesso useful in allaying severe paroxysmal cough ####."

    I should think that such treatment would be "notoriouslyunsatifactory" and "one of the reproaches of the art of medicine."It is a crime to punish sick children in this way. It is wholly symptomatic and suppressive.There is nothing in the treatment to indicate that the medical man even remotelysuspicions that there may be a cause for whooping cough.

    Dr. Logan, a chiropractic authority, says in his Technicand Practice of Chiropractic: "Pertussis, or Whooping Cough-- Tends to runits course despite adjustments, though some aborted cases are reported. All casesare mild under adjustment, with some liability of complications. A nervous coughis likely to persit for months after the infection has passed. Adjustments seem seldomto prevent contagion."

    Chiropractors, according to Firth's Chiropractic Symptomatology,hold that the disease is due to subluxations of the lower cervical and upper dorsalvetebrae and the "kidney place" and, accordingly, "adjust" thesepoints. We may wholly ignore their vague reports of aborted cases, just as we maydiscount Osler's claim of good coming out of stock vaccines.

    Osteopaths used to look to subluxations of the lower cervicaland upper dorsal vertebrae as the cause of the trouble. Most of them now look tothe germ theory to supply the cause. They are no more successful than chiropractorsin caring for this condition.

    CARE OF THE PATIENT: As harassing as this condition usuallyis and as notoriously unsatisfactory as the paregoric, freely given, proctetive vaccines,"large quantities of good nourishing food" and "change of climate,"of medical methods, the condition can be made tolerable by giving the children propercare. Dr. Tilden declares:

    "If it starts in children who already have deranged digestion, and they are then fed, not allowing them to miss a meal, complications are liable to occur, such as tremendous engorgement of the brain during the paroxysms. The blood-vessels will stand out like whip-cords on the forehead, and when the child is over the paroxysm it is completely exhausted. Unless such a case is fasted, the cough grows more severe, the stomach derangement increases, causing more and heavier coughing, until there is danger of bringing on a brain complication."


    How different this is to the wail of the medical man that:"Some children vomit at the end of a paroxysm, and so often during the day thatthey almost starve."

    The "disease" is of the nerve centers, the coughbeing a "reflex cough," and the nervous system of the child must be lookedafter. he should be put to bed at once and the feet kept warm. He should be givenall the fresh air possible and as much water as thirst calls for, but no food ofany kind until complete relaxation is secured. Children that are out-doors all daysuffer less than those in the house. Whenever possible the bed should be out-doors.Otherwise, put the child by the open window. The rest and warmth will quiet the nervoussystem. It is questionable whether the whooping stage will ever develop if this "treatment"is instituted at the beginning of the trouble. Complete relaxation should occur inthree or four days.

    The commonly unrecognized evils of mental over-stimulationof children is usually very evident in troubles of this nature. This should be particularlyavoided. Complete relaxation and rest of the nervous system is very important inthis condition.

    After full relaxation is had, fruit juices may be given morning,noon, and night for two or three days, after which fresh fruit may be used. If thecough tends to increase after feeding, stop the feeding at once. "It is usuallyobserved," says Page "that the cough grows worse toward evening, and isworst at night. By morning there has been something of a rest of the stomach, andthe cough is easier--perhaps disappears entirely. A full meal is often the excitingcause of a fresh and violent paroxysm. Other things equal, the child who isoftenest and most excessively fed will suffer most and have the longest 'run.'"After the paroxysms have ceased gradually return to a normal diet.

    Dr. Osler thought that the two most important things in thetreatment of the disease are six weeks and a good big bottle of paregoric. Othersgive quinine instead of paregoric to suppress the cough. Both these drugs depressthe nervous centers. Some medical works recommend over fifty drugs for the disease,some of these being used to swab the throat. As well salve the big toe.

    CONVALESCENCE, medical men tell us, is tedious. This is theirexperience. We don't weaken and kill our patients. They tell us that the child mustnot be allowed to "catch cold." or over do. A change of climate and "largequantities of good nourishing food" (m.eaning by this meat, eggs, pasteurizedmilk, puddings, white bread, etc.), are recommended for the chronic cough that sofrequently follows in medical treated cases.

    We recommend an abundance of fresh fruits and green vegetables,sun-shine, fresh air, exercise and rest and sleep. These are the elements of whichhealth is compounded.

    
MUMPS

    This is an inflammation of the salivary glands especiallythe parotids. It is "caused by some germ not yet discovered" and is sovery contagious that one may have it on one side of the face and not "catch"it on the other side.

    The swelling is just below and in front of the ear, and liftsthe ear a little. The first evidence of the disease may be a sharp pain felt uponswallowing something sour, though the trouble may be preceded by a few days of feverand malaise. For about two days the swelling increases and the submaxillary and sublingualglands may become swollen. For another seven days the patient has a "swell time"and then the fever and swelling begin to decrease. The mouth can scarcely be openedand there is pain on swallowing when the swelling is at its worst.

    Adults usually have more suffering with this disease thanchildren. In some male patients the disease is said to "go down on them"when orchitis (inflammation of the testicle) develops in one or both testicles. Thiscomplication is supposed to result in sterility when both testicles are involved.The complication is due to wrong care. The same is true of vaginitis and the enlargementand tenderness of the breasts, which sometimes complicates the trouble in girl patients.Inflammation of the ovaries is a very rare complication.

    COMPLICATIONS: Most medical authorities declare that mumpsdo not, endanger life and that all fatalities are due to complications. Heart disease,kidney trouble, arthritis and menengitis, are only a few of a formidable list ofcomplications they describe. These are the complications that develop in all theother acute diseases of children and are due to suppressive treatment. "It shouldalways be borne in mind," says Harry Clements, N. D., "when thinking ofcomplications, that they too often wait, not upon the original disease, but uponthe treatment of it." The way to avoid complications is to avoid the suppressiveand "drastic cure-quick," methods of treatment.

    CARE OF PATIENT: Rest in bed with warmth until the temperatureis normal and the swelling is gone will hasten recovery. No food and no drugs shouldbe given. There is nothing to the popular superstition that acids should not be takenduring this time and if the child refuses to fast, orange juice or grapefruit juicemay be used. The author had mumps when a boy and used lemon juice through the wholeof the trouble.

    As soon as the swelling has subsided fruit may be fed threetimes a day for the first three days, after which a gradual return to a normal dietmay be made.

    The above care will prevent complications, but if these havedeveloped before this care is instituted, the fast should continue until all swellingand pain are gone.

    
DIPHTHERIA

    This is a disease of the throat. It is caused by the germthat causes diphtheria, that is, by the Bacillus diphtherae. There is no doubt aboutthis. In fact so certain are medical men that this germ causes the trouble that whenthey fail to find the germ in the excretions ("Bacteriological examination isnecessary for diagnosis since some cases cannot be told on inspection alone fromacute tonsilitis, and other cases have no membrane at all"--Emerson, Essentialsof Medicine), they name the disease something else. The disease may present aperfect clinical picture of diphtheria and no germ be present. This is pseudo-diphtheriaand receives another name. One may only have ordinary tonsilitis, "sore throat,"and, if the germ is found, it becomes diphtheria. It was adding thousands of casesof this latter type to the diphtheria figures that enabled them to show a 100% increasein the diphtheria case rate and a corresponding nearly 50% decrease in the deathrate, without any lessening of the actual number of deaths, but often with an increasein deaths, when diphtheria antitoxin came into use. The supposed diphtheria germis often found in the mouth and throat of healthy people who do not have, have nothad, and do not subsequently develop diphtheria.

    The Encyclopedia Britannica tells us: "If, indiphtheria, the bacillus is not found, the illness is renamed something else."Sir Wm. Oster, M. D., says in his The Principles arid Practice of Medicine,Page 151, under diphtheria: "The presence of the Klebs-Loeffler baccillus isregarded by bacteriologists as the sole criterion of true diphtheria and as thisorganism may be associated with all grades of throat affections, from a simple catarrhto a sloughing, gangrenous process, it is evident that in many instances there willbe a striking discrepancy between the clinical and the bacterial diagnosis."

    The germ is found in simple catarrhal conditions and alsoin the mouth and throats of healthy infants and children; and is often absent fromthe throats of those presenting clinical pictures of diphtheria.

    The germs almost never get into the blood. They are on thebody, not in it. They remain on the false membrane, or leather which caused the troubleto be named diphtheria. The membrane is a fibrogenous exudate poured out by the mucousmembrane as a protective covering. Virulent protein poisons and lost immunizationare the causes. I have never known a case of diphtheria in strict vegetarians ona low-protein diet. Intestinal indigestion in children who are habitually over fedand have a chronic state of decomposition and putresence in the intestines, and whoseresistance has been broken down by the usual enervating influences, are the oneswho fall prey to diphtheria, as well as whooping cough, measles, etc. Healthy children,who are properly cared for, do not have these diseases.

    It is the fat, soft, sleek, "well-fed" children,so generally admired, who develop this disease. Such children are chronically diseased,are predisposed to "attacks" of all kinds and, if they reach adulthood,supply the greater portion of cases of tuberculosis. Children who spend most of theirtime out of doors, are thinly clad, sleep in cold, well-ventilated rooms, have aspare diet and who are not pampered, do not develop this disease.

    SYMPTOMS: The symptoms of this disease are out of all keepingwith its much advertised dangers. The patient seldom feels as ill as in acute tonsilitis.The fever is seldom high and soon falls to normal. The throat is not very sore. Insome of those cases which have the severest suffering and little membrane, some evenhave no fever. In some the temperature is subnormal, indicating a lack of reactingpower. These cases are especially dangerous. Diphtheria of the nose, of the eye andaround a recent wound may cause no serious feeling of discomfort.

    The disease begins with fever, chilly feelings, pains, inthe limbs and back, headache and malaise. The throat is not very red and the tonsilis not greatly swollen. The glands in the neck enlarge and the face becomes an ashengray. The patch of white membrane enlarges and extends beyond the tonsil. The membranemay grow rapidly and extend over the soft palate to the posterior wall of the finebronchi. The membrane may even extend through the Eustachian tube into the middleear, along the nose into the nasal sinuses and sometimes it extends down the oesophagusinto the stomach. Under the membrane there is death of tissue and there follows sloughing.The disease is self-limited and after about ten days the membrane loosens and fallsoff in shreds. In the more severe cases the temperature runs 102 to 103.

    Within recent years medical men have recognized that "membraneouscroup" is diphtheria and these cases are now quarantined. When the writer wasyounger, cases of membraneous croup were not quarantined and no one ever "caught"the disease from these cases. An unquarantined case did not produce an epidemic.

    In his Mother's Hygienic Handbook, 1874, Dr. Trallasserted "the pathological identity of croup and diphtheria."

    "Membranous croup" is the worst form of diphtheria.These cases seldom appear to be very ill. For two or three days there is a rough,croupy cough which becomes a little more croupy each afternoon and evening, but wearingoff somewhat in the forepart of the night and in the morning. The child's breathingis not affected, he has an appetite and there is usually little uneasiness on thepart of parents. Then, suddenly, the child almost suffocates. He tosses about onthe bed, sits up and struggles in various ways in an effort to breathe. He becomesblue In severe cases the child suffocates unless relieved by incubation or tracheotomy.In the milder cases the paroxysms are soon over, but they some times recur later.

    Dr. Tilden says of this type: "I never knew a case toget well where this disease is located in the pharynx, and passes down only a veryshort distance into the trachea, sometimes the membrane is thrown off and the childrecovers, but this is so rare that I have heard only of a few cases." Againhe says: "I have never seen a case of bronchial diphtheria get well, and I neverexpect to." The disease is best prevented.

    COMPLICATIONS: Under regular medical care, acute myocarditis,severe nephritis, and bronchopneumonia are common. The first two, at least, are resultsof anti-toxin. Various forms of paralysis, especially of the throat and eye musclesand of the limbs develop as sequealae in about one-fifth of medically treated cases.Paralysis is often the result of antitoxin, although we cannot always attribute thisto the antitoxin, for it sometimes occurs in cases which have had no antitoxin.

    Antitoxin does not cure the disease and toxin-antitoxin doesnot prevent it. Both these foreign proteins are responsible for many deaths in boththe well and the sick, and for much other injury short of death.

    CARE OF PATIENT: The decrease both in the number of casesof diphtheria and in the percentage of deaths has not been as great as that of scarletfever, due, no doubt, to antitoxin. Yet the medical profession claims that it knowsnothing of scarlet fever.

    No food of any kind should be given. In croupy cases, whetherit is or is not membraneous croup, it is well to stop all food the instant the firstsign of trouble (the cough) shows. These cases may stand some chance of recoveryif proper care is taken before the membrane spreads to such an extent thee breathingis made impossible.

    Put the child to bed in a well ventilated room. If it iswinter place a hot water bottle at his feet.

    Drinking should be discouraged. Swallowing tends to breakup the membrane and carry it into the stomach. Small water enemas, given after thebowels have been throughly cleaned out, must take the place of drink.

    The throat should not be gargled. No sprays or washes ofany kind are to be employed.

    The child should be placed in a position so that everythingwill drain well out of the mouth. Place him on his right side so that he leans wellforward and with his face down. If the child is permitted to lie on the back, thesecretion tends to run down the throat and into the trachea and stomach. This mustbe avoided. It he tires of lying on one side he may be placed on the other, or maybe placed on his face.

    These children should be left alone and not allowed to talk.No questions should be asked them which require answers.

    No drugs of any kind are to be tolerated. These lessen thechance of recovery.

    Although comparatively few who come in contact with thisdisease develop it, it is considered highly contagious and, due to the contagion-superstition,these cases are quarantined. The writer has never handled but one case and saw thisbut once. After the quarantine was slapped on the case I handled it over the phone.The child made rapid recovery with no complications or sequelae.

    Food must not be given until the throat is healed. Then fruitjuices may be given for two days and then a gradual return to the normal diet.

    Death in this disease results from suffocation, and frommaltreatment. The exudation into the wind-pipe, with the subsequent formation ofthe false membrane, chokes the patient to death. In so-called membraneous croup thisis seen at its worst.

    If this can be prevented there is no danger from the disease.If the above methods are not sufficient to control the exudate. In any given case,a certain amount of drugless suppresion will form the lesser of two evils. Cold clothsaround the neck and ice held in the mouth and applied directly to the inflamed partswill suppress the inflammation and exudate. Dr. Trall who treated hundreds of casesby this method says of it:

    "There is little danger of this formidable disease, which often desolates the family circle of all the little ones, terminating fatally, if this plan of "treatment is thoroughly carried out--unless it is a very frail and scofulous child. Nor have I yet known it to fail in but one such case."


    Plenty of fresh air and sunshine should be had during convalesence.As the disease is most common after the thanksgiving and Christmas feasts, it isbest prevented by avoiding protein decomposition and by maintaining good health.Diphtheria is a phase of albumenuria.

    
TYPHOID FEVER

    This is an acute disease involving largely the small intestine.The bacillus typhosus is accused by the medical profession of responsibilityfor this condition. There is, under medical mismanagement, swelling and enlargementof the clumps of "lymphoid tissue" (tonsils), called Peyer's patches ofthe intestine, followed by ulceration and sloughing of these. Hemorrhage from theintestine sometimes follows this sloughing, although nature usually succeeds in sealingthe blood vessels before sloughing occurs. The abdomen is tender and distended withgas. The gas pressure upon the heart often overstimulates this organ. On the seventhon eighth day red spots develop on the abdomen.

    In severe cases "secondary" disease develops inthe kidneys or lungs or spleen or cerebro-spinal centers. Complications and relapsesare quite frequent under medical malapractice. The regular treatment of this diseaseis an unpunished crime. I have analyzed this treatment in detail in my HUMAN LIFE,and the student who is interested in this phase of the subject is referred to thatbook.

    SYMPTOMS: The disease is preceded by a few days or weeksof headache, backache, nosebleed, perhaps, and a period of not feeling very well.There is usually constipation and a coated tongue. The breath is foul and there isoften a bad taste in the mouth. For days or weeks the patient is sick and gives noattention to his condition, except, perhaps to drug it. Had he cared for himselfproperly from the beginning of these symptoms he would be well before any typhoiddeveloped. Dr. Tilden rightly observes: "Typhoid fever (more a disease of adultlife) is evolved by feeding and medicating acute indigestion."

    After a period as described above, the temperature beginsto rise and the patient becomes so weak and miserable that he goes to bed. The feverrises slowly and in from three to seven days reaches 101 to 106. Here it usuallyremains, under the stuffing and drugging plan, for a week or more, before it beginsto fall. It falls and rises for another week or more and finally reaches normal.Under medical care these cases last from two weeks to a few months. The strong manpresents a slow, "soft" pulse and the pulse rate is often very slow duringconvalesence.

    During the first few days of the fever, the headache is verysevere even, at times, terrible.

    Typhoid is a self-limited disease. This is to say, it getswell of itself and the medical profession acknowledges that it has no cure for thedisease, although, they do claim great things, all false, of course, for their prophylacticserum. Emerson tells us: "After the fever has gone, convalesence begins. Thepatient is at first thin and weak, but slowly returns to good health and to evenbetter health than he formerly had."

    He also tells us in dealing with complications: "Perforationis the most dreaded complication of typhoid fever, and the cause of death in almosta third of the fatal cases. When the slough peels off, the ulcers usually have avery thin base, sometimes as thin as tissue paper, but in about 5 per cent. of thecases even this gives way and the intestinal contents pour into the abdominal cavity,at once producing peritonitis, which without operation is almost always fatal. (Andwith operation is equally as fatal. Author.) In the very few cases that do recoverthere is in the abdomen an abscess which later may require operation. A perforationoccurs especially during the third week, although it may at at any time (as we reckonthe days), and since due to almost the the same cause as hemorrhage, occurs veryoften with this."

    The reader may not be able to understand why there shouldby any "intestinal contents" to pour into the abdominal cavity. Fastingwould have prevented such a thing. But it is the medical notion that the sick "musteat to keep up strength" and some hold that if the fever patient does not consumeeven more food than when in health the fever will burn tip the body. A high-caloriediet its usually employed in typhoid.

    CAUSES: This disease results from decomposition in the stomachand intestine due to imprudent eating. The more such patients are fed the more decompositionand sepsis will develop. There will be higher fever, more tympanitis, greater sufferingand more danger. There will be germs, of course, and the more food is taken the moregerms there will be. When such patients are fasted the stools and urine are germ-freeby the time convalesence begins.

    Milk, butter milk, boiled milk, peptonized milk, koumiss,eggs, meat juice, barley water, strained vegetables, soups, iced tea and ice-creamare among the recommendations made by standard medical authors for feeding in typhoid.

    In feeding in typhoid they take about the same position asthat taken by Emerson in "influenza." He says: "He should receivethe fullest diet possible and should be well purged and stimulated." He adds,and very appropriately so, "the convalesence is long and tedious; it may takemonths, and for even years the patient may not be well. For this reason, a changeof climate, when possible, is a great aid." A change of doctors and methodsat the outset would have been wiser.

    We still hear much of anti-typhoid inoculation and are advisedto be inoculated when we travel into strange territory. The Public Health Report(Vol. 34, No. 13, March 26, 1929), prints in full a circular issued by the ChiefSurgeon of the American Expeditionary forces under the title Typhoid VaccinationNo Substitute For Sanitary Precautions, in which are cited numerous cases oftyphoid among our throughly "protected" (inoculated) soldiers.

    In March 1914, five months before the outbreak of the war,anti-typhoid vaccination was made compulsory in the French Army. Yet up to October1916, there were 113,465 cases of typhoid fever with 12,380 deaths in the FrenchArmy alone. There are still two more years of war to be accounted for in these figures.

    In the British Army up to December 1918, there were accordingto General Goodwin, 7,423 cases of typhoid with 266 deaths--practically all of whichhad been inoculated. These figures do not include the "fearful and unparalleledtoll of disease and death from typhoid" in Gallipoli and Mesopotamia. The failureof the British forces in Gallipoli is attributable largely to typhoid. The figuresare so horrible that they don't seem to have been given out and cannot be obtained.

    In France and Belgium the English forces suffered less fromtyphoid than did the French. Why? The French were equally "protected."Sir Malcolm Morris and Captain J. Stanley Arthur both stated that the English sanitaryconditions were better. Filth and sewage water laughed at the vaccine and the soldierssuffered and died in spite of their "protection." The vaccine could notmake uncleanliness safe any more than smallpox vaccine could do so in the war of1870, or in India.

    It is now everywhere admitted that the decline of typhoidfever, along with typhus, cholera, bubonic plague, yellow fever, etc., has been dueto hygiene and sanitation. The serum is pushed for commercial reasons only.

    CARE OF THE PATIENT: The care of the typhoid patient shouldnow be apparent to the student.

    Rest in bed in a well lighted; well ventilated room, withall unnecessary noise and distraction kept away from the patient. A daily warm spongebath for cleanliness is essential. If it is winter a hot water bottle should be keptat the patients feet.

    Absolutely no food except water should pass the patientslips until several days after all acute symptoms are gone.

    No drugs of any kind should be employed. No purging; no sustaining"the heart, no controlling the fever and no checking of the bowels should be allowed,Hydrotherapy also should be avoided.

    Let the patient alone and he will get well. Feed him anddrug him and he may and may not pull through. In the first instance he will be comfortablein three days and out of bed in from seven days to fourteen days. In the second instancehe will not be comfortable at any time and will do well to get out of bed in severalweeks.

    Where hemorrhage occurs, the foot of the bed should be elevatedand absolute rest and quiet. No one should be allowed to speak to the patient andno mad-cap endeavors to restore or "sustain" the patient should be resortedto. Hemorrhage will be extremely rare if the case is not stuffed and drugged.

    
TONSILS AND ADENOIDS

    Dr. Harry Clements, of England, an esteemed friend of theauthor's, remarks in his Children's Ailments; "When parents and guardiansbecome enlightened as to the proper function of the tonsils, they will not turn tosurgeons for help; they will turn on themselves with reproach." He makes thissage observation in his discussion of tonsils and adenoids. I endorse it unqualifiedly.

    The tonsils, like the appendix and gall bladder, are specialfriends of the commercial surgeons. They are little bundles of adenoid tissue (Iymphoidstructures) in the throat. There are several of them as follows; the FAUCIAL tonsils,one on each side of the throat; the PHARYNGEAL tonsil on the roof of the space abovethe throat (the soft palate) and back of the nose, (This is the so-called adenoid);the EUSTACHIAN or TUBAL tonsils, one surrounding the opening of each Eustachain tube;the LINGUAL tonsil, a cluster of tonsillar tissue at the base of the tongue; and,finally, the LARYNGEAL tonsil in the larynx or "voice box." These tonsilsare all connected by means of lymphatic vessels and form what is known as WALDEYER'SRING.

    These lymphoid structures have as their most important function,the arrest and detoxification of organic toxins which may get into the circulationfrom the mouth, nose or adjacent structures and from the intestines. When more toxinsreach them than they are able to detoxify, their cells enlarge, thus enlarging thetonsils, in order to increase their capacity for work. An enlarged tonsil is an effortto preserve health. Rather than being a menace to life, it is a benefit.

    The FAUCIAL tonsils help to support the soft palate and arealso important in producing the great variety of tones in the voice. Removal of thesetonsils frequently ruins the singing and speaking voice, lowering the voice by oneoctave.

    ACUTE FOSSULITIS, erroneously called ACUTE TONSILITIS, isinflammation of the mucous membrane which covers the outer surface of the faucialtonsils and dips down into and lines the tonsillar crypts or fossulae. This is themost common from of tonsilitis or "sore throat."

    QUINCY, erroneously called abscessed tonsil, but really aperitonsillar abscess, is an abscess which forms in the tissues surrounding (usuallyabove) the faucials. This may form on one or both sides of the throat. It beginsas common "tonsilitis" or acute or chronic fossulitis and, due to impropercare, or to overwhelming of the lymph glands, extends to adjacent and underlying,tissues and nodes and nodules culminating in abscess formation. The abscess usuallyruptures into the throat. Rare cases require to be lanced. Thus, these "twodiseases'' are really one.

    SYMPTOMS: The"onset" of acute fossulitis (folliculartonsilitis) is usually sudden with a rapid rise of temperature which may range from101 F. to as high as 104 F. The throat is sore, hot, dry, scratchy and swallowingis difficult. The tongue is coated and the breath foul. The tonsils enlarge, thesurrounding tissues become congested and inflamed, the glands under the jaw and downon to the throat become swollen and sore. One or more gray or yellow spots or patchesform on one or both tonsils. These spots are composed of a cheesy or "pussy"matter in the crypts or fossulae. They are not composed of pus. Headaches, backache;etc. may be present.

    Quincy presents these same symptoms, often aggravated, plusthe formation of the abscess.

    CHRONIC FOSSULITIS, or chronic follicular tonsilitis is apersistent, lowgrade catarrhal inflammation. The condition is characterized by theconstant presence of dirty gray or yellow plugs of cheesy" matter hanging fromthe fossulae. When these are thrown out they have a foul taste and a foul odor.

    "ADENOIDS," which is the popular name for enlargementof the pharyngeal tonsil, usually accompanies chronic follicular tonsilitis. Adenoidsare also frequently referred to as "adenoid growths" and "adenoidvegetations." The membranes of the nose and throat are passively congested andthickened. Besides the enlargement of the pharyugeal tonsil, there is a concomitantswelling of the thousands of lymph nodes and nodules adjacent to the tonsil.

    In young children (under fifteen) "adenoids" arefrequently so much enlarged that they obstruct the nasal passage, resulting in thehabit of breahting through the mouth. Due partly to the interference with oxygenation,but largely to the systemic condition that gives rise to this condition, such childrenare flat- cheated, thin, anemic and often mentally dull. The nostrils are pinchedand coughing commonly accompanies the condition. Sleep is interferred with and thesechildren become dull, listless and chronically tired. Frequent attacks of bronchitisare not uncommon concomitants.

    Surgical removal of the pharyngeal tonsil is the common modeof treatment. It is unsatisfactory as well as damaging. The tonsils usually regrowor other lymph glands adjacent thereto enlarge and the trouble is as bad as ever.We frequently meet with people who have had two or three such operations and whoare worse than ever before. A third operation is advised. Only recently I saw a childwhich had had three operations and a fourth was now demanded by the surgeon. Thesecases quickly yield to the care that will be described fully in this chapter. Dr.Faulkner says of the surgical methods in these cases:

    "The results of operation will always be disappointing in cases that accompany nasal catarrh; with thickening of the lining of the nasal passages, in cases of narrow nostrils, and mix-shaped nose; in cases of irregular teeth, in deformity of the upper jaw; deformity of the mouth and palate, in cases of deafness, with inflammation of the middle ear and with thickening and hardening of the linings of the ear passages; in affections of the ear drum; and in all children with poor constitutions, improper or insufficient food, and bad hygienic surroundings."


    If there are any cases not included in this, let me add thatthe operation will always be unsatisfactory in these also.

    The "adenoids" normally shrink in size after pubertyand are seldom the seat of trouble thereafter.

    Inflammation, enlargement or abscess of the lingual tonsil(the tongue tonsil), although apparently less common than troubles of the faucialand pharyngeal tonsils, may occur more often than generally supposed. When it becomesinflamed the whole base of the tongue sometimes becomes inflamed also. The tonguebecomes tender on pressure and both talking and swallowing become difficult. Breathingmay even be affected.

    THE TUBAL TONSILS often become enlarged and inflamed. Thisis usually accompanied with the swelling of the thousands of nodes and nodules inthe immediate neighborhood, and also by a passive, non-inflammatory swelling of themucous membrane lining the cavity back of the nose and this may, in turn, partlyclose the Eustachain tube resulting in catarrhal deafness. This catatth may evenextend up into the eustachain tube and into the middle ear. Most such cases are curableby the methods later to be described.

    Inflammations and enlargements of the various tonsils arcusually associated with other conditions of the mouth, nose and throat, such as catarrh,colds, sinus inflammation, inflammation in the antrum and posterior nares, abscessedteeth, etc. The patch work methods of medical men in treating these conditions areas absurd as those employed in treating the tonsils. The method, described in thischapter will prevent or correct these other conditions also. After all, preventionis the logical plan and natural hygiene will really prevent the development of disease.

    CAUSES: These troubles develop in children and adults whosuffer with gastro-intestinal indigestion and who habitually over eat on milk, bread,cereals, and other starches, sugar, cakes, pies, preserves, syrups, pan cakes, candies,ice cream and the like. Add these factors to faulty elimination and such personswill develop trouble every time a drop in temperature, an unusual exposure, or anenvironmental stress places a heavier tax upon their nervous energies and, thus,puts and added check to elimination. "Adenoids" are less frequent in breast-fedthan in bottle fed infants. The manner in which medical men insist on lots of milkfor children and, then, follow this with wholesale tonsil operations, looks suspiciouslylike they know how to build trade. Cereals with milk and sugar, fruits with starchesand sugar; frequent between meal eating--these will cause enough digestive derangementto produce tonsilitis. The medical man's insistence on plenty of nourishment leadsparents to believe that these troubles are due to lack of food. They stuff and cramtheir children and feed them cod-liver oil and, as a direct consequence, they aremade sick.

    The present vogue is to cut out the tonsils upon the leastsign of trouble and often when there is no trouble at all. This method is both futileand damaging, although lucrative to the doctor or surgeon. In my book, The NaturalCure of Tonsillar and Adenoid Affections, I have carefully analyzed this practicefrom every angle and shown its damaging character, as well as the utter needlessnessif it.

    Here before me as I write, lies a book entitled The Motherand the Child. It is written by a registered nurse, Kathryn L. Jensen, and publishedby the Review and Herald Pub. Assn., the official publishing house of the AdventistChurch. The book has had a wide circulation among these faithful of the Lord. Inthis book I find such atheism as the following:

    "There is only one remedy for seriously diseased tonsils and that is the complete removal of the diseased tissues by a competent surgeon. Whether or not the tonsils are diseased is of course, a question for a competent throat specialist to decide."


    Miss Jensen seems wholly unaware of the fact that it is to:the financial interest of this competent throat specialist to decide that the tonsilsare diseased, and that he usually decides in his own favor. Because she is ignorantof methods, other than surgical removal, which remedy the condition of the throat,she is not,. thereby, licensed to offer her ignorance as an infallible rule for themothers of this land. There was never a more false statement made than that removalis the only remedy for diseased tonsils. Removal is not even a remedy--still lessis it the only remedy. Miss Jensen may be forgiven for repeating what she has been.taught by her medical superiors, but those superiors are certainly guilty of crime.

    The inevitable results of leaving to experts the matter ofdetermining whether or not the tonsils of your child are diseased, is well illustratedby the following facts. In his popular newspaper column, How to Keep Well,Dr. W. H. Brady recently ran an article entitled "The Scandal of Tonsillectomy."In it he mentions a certain mid-western city in which, in a given month, approximatelya thousand tonsils were removed. A pathologist went to the trouble to examine onethousand tonsils, removed in a dispensary, and found that 710 of them had never beenseriously affected, and that 430 did not reveal any evidence whatever of the need(from the medical viewpoint) of an operation. These specialists, who spill the bloodof your children for money, cannot be trusted to tell the truth about the conditionsthey find in their little throats.

    Miss Jensen says: "Only yesterday a mother exclaimed,'Had I only known two years ago that my boy's diseased tonsils and adenoids wouldcause deafness." "Another parent rejoices because a supposedly dull childis now making his grades with ease, as a result of the removal of diseased adenoids.The anemic, underweight child can usually be helped if diseased tonsils or adenoidsare the cause of the malnourished condition. These diseased tissues act as distributingpoints for germs, and through the blood stream infect every part of the body.

    "This pus, even in minute amount, may cause rheumatismof the most serious type, affecting joints as well as muscles. Chronic middle eardisease, causing deafness, is a common result, because of the easy access to thatorgan from the tonsil. Many of the serious heart diseases, acute and chronic kidneydiseases, and some serious eye troubles are the result of infection from diseasedtonsils and adenoids.

    ''Because diseased tonsils and enlarged adenoids in childhoodimpair nutrition, the vitality is correspondingly lowered, and the cliild is moreeasily susceptible to colds, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and other contagious diseases."

    Now that we know the diseases that are caused by diseasedtonsils, we only need to know what causes the diseased tonsils. If we think thatperhaps Miss Jensen knows the secret, we are to be disappointed; for, our searchreveals only that she is a product of her medical training. She knows no more thanthe medical profession and might well have left her book unwritten. There alreadyare too many such books. She advices: "Observe carefully the eating, breathing,and sleeping habits of your children. Have their eyes, nose, throat, ears, and teethexamined carefully once a year by a competent physician and dentist. Upon the firstevidence of impairment of tonsils or adenoids, take the child to a competent throatspecialist. If you do this, it will later save you many dollars in doctor bills."

    This is the old story. Watch for symptoms and have thesetreated as soon as they appear. She heads this advice, "Prevention." Butno trouble is ever prevented by treating it after it develops. I don't care how manymedical men and their echoes in the nursing profession dispute this, prevention makestreatment unnecessary. If a trouble is prevented, there will be no "first evidenceof impairment of tonsils and adenoids." Miss Jensen simply does not expect thecarrying out of her advice to prevent tonsillar troubles.

    Under "after effects" Miss Jensen says: "Adenoidtissue (the tonsils are composed of adenoid tissue) does sometimes reappear, anda second, and sometimes a third removal may be necessary after the first." Shetells us that "this happens only in extreme cases," a statement that iscontrary to the testimony of the leading throat specialists of both Europe and America.

    CARE AND REMEDY: If the case is acute all food should bewithheld until all acute symptoms are gone after which a fruit diet should be givenfor three to five days. If the case is chronic a fast or an orange or grapefruitdiet may be employed until the throat is clean and breathing is free and easy. Then,a fruit diet or a fruit and green vegetable diet should be fed until the tonsilsare nearly normal, after which moderate quantities of proteins and starches shouldbe added to the diet.

    The mouth and throat should be kept clean. Antiseptic washesand gargles, however, should not be employed for this purpose. Most drugless menemploy dilute lemon juice for this purpose. If the reader is still addicted to thesick habit and the "doctoring" habit, he may employ the dilute lemon juice.

    After the tonsils are normal it is an easy matter to keepthem so by proper care of the body. Plenty of rest and sleep, an abundance of sunshine,daily out door exercise and a proper diet are all that are essential. No drugs shouldbe given at any time, during or after the trouble.

    Massage of the throat should be avoided, as should, also,packs around the throat.




Front Matter

Introduction
I Disease--Two Views
II The Slaughter of The Innocents
III Prenatal Care
IV Babies Should be Born in the Spring
V Baby's Growth and Development


VI The Child's Teeth
VII Teething
VIII Fat Babies
IX Mother's Milk
X Should Baby be Weaned
XI Three Year Nursing Period
XII Cows Milk
XIII Pasteurization
XIV Three Feedings a Day
XV No Starch for Infants
XVI "ReguIar" Crimes in Feeding
XVII Feeding of Infants
XVIII Baby's General Care
XIX Feeding Children from two to six years
XX A Healthy Child


XXI Undernutrition
XXII The Acute "Infectious" Diseases of Childhood

XXIII Skin Disorders
XXIV Common Disorders of Infants and Children

XXV Child Education
XXVI Corporal Punishment
XVII Vaccinia


XXVIII Serum Poisoning
XXIX Commercial Medicine

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