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THE

KEYLINE

PLAN

by P. A. Yeomans




PUBLISHED BY

P.A. YEOMANS 537 ELIZABETH STREET

SYDNEY AUSTRALIA

1954

THIS BOOK IS WHOLLY SET UP, PRINTED AND BOUND IN AUSTRALIA BY WAITE & BULL, 486 ELIZABETH ST., SYDNEY. REGISTERED AT THE GENERAL POST OFFICE, SYDNEY, FOR TRANSMISSION THROUGH THE POST AS A BOOK.

COPYRIGHT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.



DEDICATION

  My registered cattle brand is a Circled Y. The above sign has been used as a business sign, almost a trade mark, for a number of years, consequently it is regarded with a certain amount of affection by my family. Some years after first using it I was told that it was a very old Northern European or Germanic symbol meaning--the living man -the signal of victory; that it derives from the ancient Sanskrit sign of life-fertility --and well being.

  All of these things have their foundation in fertile soil-always the dominating factor.

  This book is dedicated to The Fertile Soil.

 

  The health and well being of mankind depends first on the fertility of the soil.

  The development and custody of fertile soil is the great responsibility, of the men and women on the land.

  Adequate and permanent tree belts are necessary for the full protection of all the land.

BIOGRAPHY*

  Percival Alfred Yeomans (P.A.) was born in Harden N.S.W. in 1905,eldest son of a family of four. In 1928 he married Rita Irene May Barnes, also ofHarden. They had three children; Neville born in 1928, Allan in 1931 and Ken in 1947.Rita Yeomans died 1964 and the two original Keyline properties at North RichmondN.S.W. were sold to pay death duties.
  P. A. Yeomans married Jane Radek in 1966 and they had two daughters,Julie and Wendy.
Following this marriage he undertook the design and construction of a different conceptin cultivation equipment. He solved the need for better equipment than the chiselplow to deeply loosen soil without bringing up the subsoil. This equipment was thefirst rigid shanked vibrating sub-soil cultivating ripper for use with farm tractors.It is many times more efficient than a chisel plow, and is able to loosen more soilto a greater depth using less tractor power.
  The Prince Philip Design Award officially recognised the breakthroughsuccess of this equipment in 1974 when P. A. Yeomans Pty Ltd received this covetedaward for the Bunyip Slipper Imp with Shakaerator.
  Manufacture of the Bunyip Slipper Imp eventually passed from P. A. YeomansPty Ltd to the Yeomans Plow Company, which is now based at Molendinar in South-eastQueensland. This company is owned and directed by Allan J. Yeomans the second sonof P. A. Yeomans. The equipment has undergone further developed including some landmarkdesign breakthroughs and has been renamed the Yeomans Keyline Plow.
  P. A. Yeoman devoted much of his latter life time to consulting, advisingand lecturing on Keyline planning for which he has received requests from many partsof the world.
P. A. Yeomans passed away, aged 79 years, in November 1984.

*by Allan Yeomans

 

C0NTENTS

Homage to P.A. Yeomans, by Allan Yeomans
FOREWORD
Chapter 1 Keyline--A New Principle
Chapter 2 Absorption--The First Need
Chapter 3 Fertility--The Dominant Factor
Chapter 4 KEYLINE ABSORPTION--FERTILITY
Chapter 5 Soil Improvement on Pasture Lands
Chapter 6 Common Keylines and Keyline Land Units
Chapter 7 Water Storage
Chapter 8 Trees
Chapter 9 Steep Country and Valleys
Chapter 10 Flatter Lands
Chapter 11 Other Applications
Chapter 12 The Plan
Chapter 13 Floods or Keyline?
Chapter 14 Before and After Keyline
EPILOGUE
Addendum by Allan Yeomans

WITH EIGHT MAPS AND FOUR SKETCHES

16-PAGE BLACK-AND-WHITE SECTION CONTAINING 21 ILLUSTRATIONS*

Meditation
Aerial View of "Nevallan" Homestead
Young Tallow-wood Trees
Developing the Steep Hilly Country
"Conversion-year Cultivation" on "Yobarnie"
Clearing, March, 1952, on "Nevallan"
"Nevallan" Two Years Later
Son, Allan, Takes a Picture of a Rogue
Flood-gate on "Nevallan"
Netting Fence along "Nevallan" Boundary
A Keyline Dam Near "Nevallan" Homestead
The Four-inch Outlet of a Keyline Dam
Timber Belts
Steep Pasture Land on "Nevallan"
"Nevallan" Homestead
Steep Head of Kenvale Valley
Pasture Growth
One of the Lower Paddocks on "Nevallan"
Small Tractor and Mounted Plow
Shorthorn Steers on Year-old Pasture
An Australian Bush Scene--'Nevallan"

Note from Soil and Health Library: These illustrations were in a separate section,nicely reproduced on glossy paper. They don't refer to any particular text but toadd significantly to the reader's understanding. It is suggested that after readingthe entire text, then the reader take the time to open and look at all these pictures.